|Born||Carlton Michael Gary
September 24, 1950
|Other names||Carl Michaels
The Stocking Strangler
Span of killings
|May 3, 1984|
On December 1, 2009, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear Gary's latest appeal, clearing the way for an execution date to be set. On December 4, a court set a December 16 execution date for Gary. On December 15, the state Board of Pardons and Paroles denied a request to stay his execution. On December 16, only hours before the execution, the Georgia Supreme Court halted the execution to hold a hearing and determine whether DNA tests should be conducted to determine Gary's guilt or innocence.
Carlton Gary was born on September 24, 1950 in Columbus, Georgia. His father was a construction worker who wanted nothing to do with him and would accept no financial responsibility for him. Gary only met his father once, when he was twelve years old. Gary's mother was extremely poor and as a result, they moved around a lot. He was malnourished most of the time and was often left with his aunt or great aunt, both maids for elderly, wealthy, white women. In elementary school, Gary suffered serious head trauma when he was knocked unconscious in a playground accident, and in his teens, he was a heavy drug user. Between the ages of 14 and 18, he was arrested multiple times for robbery, arson, and assault. During that time, he also got married to a woman named Sheila, and had two children. In 1970, he moved to Albany, New York, where he had plans to become a singer, but he continued to carry out his criminal activities.
In May 1970, soon after Carlton Gary moved to Albany, an elderly woman named Marion Brewer was robbed and attacked in her hotel room. Two months later, 85-year-old Nellie Farmer was robbed in her apartment and strangled to death. After Gary attempted an assault on a third elderly woman, he was arrested and his fingerprints matched one left at the scene of the Farmer murder. Gary admitted having taken part in a robbery, but claimed that an accomplice, John Lee Mitchell, was responsible for the actual murder. Gary testified against Mitchell in court and Mitchell was charged, despite no material evidence connecting him to the crime. Gary was only charged with robbery, a sentence he served in the Onondaga County Correctional Institution in Jamesville, New York. He was paroled in 1975 and moved to Syracuse, New York. Here, two more elderly women were attacked, raped, and strangled in their homes; one died and the other survived. Both attacks occurred within four days of each other. The two survivors were not able to identify Gary positively as the crimes occurred in the dark; at least one victim was sure that her attacker was a mustachioed black male, and she was strangled with a scarf. Gary was never charged for any of these crimes but was instead sent back to prison for parole violation and robbery after he was caught trying to sell coins stolen from the same apartment building as one of the surviving Syracuse victims. On August 22, 1977, Gary escaped from his low-security prison by sawing through the bars of his cell and made it back to Columbus, Georgia.
One month after his escape, on September 16, 1977, 60-year-old Ferne Jackson was raped, beaten, and strangled to death with a nylon stocking at her home in the Wynnton district of Columbus. Nine days later, 71-year-old Jean Dimenstein was killed similarly, as were 89-year-old Florence Scheible on October 21, and 69-year-old Martha Thurmond on October 23. Five days later, Gary struck again, raping and killing 74-year-old Kathleen Woodruff. This time there was no stocking left at the scene. Four months later on February 12, 1978, Ruth Schwob was attacked but she triggered a bedside alarm and her assailant fled. He went just two blocks down the road before breaking into another house and raping and strangling 78-year-old Mildred Borom. His final victim was 61-year-old Janet Cofer, murdered on April 20.
Police announced that they suspected an African-American man of the murders. Things became more complicated when a man calling himself the "Chairman of the Forces of Evil" threatened to murder selected black women if the Stocking Strangler was not stopped. This turned out to be an African-American Male (William Henry Hance) trying to cover up three murders of his own by putting the blame onto white vigilantes. The Chairman was arrested on April 4 and police had hoped that this was the Stocking Strangler, but their hopes were dashed when Cofer was murdered.
Following a robbery in Gaffney, Georgia in December 1978, Gary was arrested and he confessed and was sentenced to 21 years in prison for armed robbery. He escaped from custody in 1983 and remained at large for a year before he was apprehended again. New evidence had come into light, including a gun that was traced back to Gary and a possible fingerprint match that led the police to believe that Gary was the murderer they were looking for.
Overall, Gary is alleged to have raped and/or murdered seven elderly women between 1977 and 1978 in Columbus. Known there as the Stocking Strangler, in three of the cases he was convicted of beating, sexually assaulting and strangling the victims, mostly by using stockings. Two of the survivors testified that he strangled them into unconsciousness before raping or attempting to rape them. The one Georgia survivor positively identified him as her attacker in court. However, she had previously positively identified three other black men as the attacker, and in her initial statement had indicated that it was too dark to even distinguish the race of the attacker. His fingerprints were found at four of the crime scenes. Gary was indicted for the murders on May 5, 1984, convicted on August 26, 1986 and sentenced to death the following day.
Questions have been raised over the propriety of Gary's conviction. According to a group of supporters and a book by investigative journalist David Rose, Gary's lawyer was refused state funding to carry out a defense. There is also evidence that Gary's fingerprints were not held to match the crime scene prints until seven years after, when the case was re-examined, despite Gary having been printed just one year after the murder at a time when all prints in the U.S. were being compared to prints found at the crime sites. They also claim Gary's interview at which he supposedly confessed was not recorded, nor were notes taken, and Gary's confession was written by a police officer in the days following the interview, from his own recollection. When submitted as evidence, the confession was unsigned and undated, and Gary denied having made it. They allege Gary's semen antigen secretion did not match the perpetrator's. Furthermore, a cast made from a bite wound on a victim allegedly did not match Gary's bite-mark pattern. His supporters claimed that the prosecution withheld this evidence at trial.
Rose's book also links prosecutors, judges and police who worked on the case to a white-only club called The Big Eddy Club and traces the history of racial injustice in Columbus, including the role of the judge's family members in lynchings and other injustices in the city.
- Noe, Denise. "Carlton Gary: The Columbus, Georgia Stocking Strangler". Crime Library. truTV. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- U.S. Supreme Court refuses to hear Carlton Gary’s latest appeal[dead link]
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- Cook, Rhonda (16 December 2009). "Parole Board denies clemency for 'stocking strangler'". ajc.com. Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
- Cook, Rhonda (16 December 2009). "Georgia Supreme Court halts Carlton Gary's execution". ajc.com. Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
- Greig, Charlotte (2005). Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters. New York: Barnes & Noble. p. 162. ISBN 0760775664.
- Greig, Charlotte (2005). Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters. New York: Barnes & Noble. p. 163. ISBN 0760775664.
- "Jury Indicts Georgian As 'Stocking Strangler'". The New York Times. 5 May 1984. Retrieved March 2007. Check date values in:
- Jackson, Ed; Charles Poe. "This Day in Georgia History". GeorgiaInfo. University System of Georgia. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
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- Rose, David (13 June 2004). "Terminate with extreme prejudice p2". The Observer Magazine. Guardian News and Media, Ltd. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- http://www.pbs.org/kcet/tavissmiley/archive/200706/20070611_rose.html[dead link]
- "DNA Links Georgia Killer to Local 1975 Murder Case". News Channel 9 abc. WSYR. 23 August 2007.
- Ressler, Robert and Tom Schactman, Whoever Fights Monsters: My Twenty Years Hunting Serial Killers for the FBI. St Martin's Press, 1992. See pp. 157–161. ISBN 0-312-95044-6
- Rose, David (2008). Violation: Justice, Race and Serial Murder in the Deep South. HarperPerennial. ISBN 978-0-00-711811-3.
- Rose, David, The Big Eddy Club: The Stocking Stranglings and Southern Justice The New Press, UK, 2011, First Paperback Edition | ISBN 978-1595586711