Carlyle Smith Beals

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Carlyle Smith Beals
Born (1899-06-29)June 29, 1899
Canso, Nova Scotia, Canada
Died July 2, 1979(1979-07-02) (aged 80)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Citizenship Canadian
Awards Henry Marshall Tory Medal (1957)
Order of Canada,
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]
Scientific career
Fields Astronomy

Carlyle Smith Beals, OC FRS[1] (June 29, 1899 – July 2, 1979) was a Canadian astronomer.

He was born in Canso, Nova Scotia to Reverend Francis H. P. Beals and Annie Florence Nightingale Smith, on June 29, 1899.[2] He is the brother of artist and educator Helen D. Beals.[3]

Beals worked at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Victoria, British Columbia, until 1946. There, he studied emission lines in the spectra of certain hot stars, and studied gas clouds in the interstellar medium. He also developed astronomical instruments.

In 1946, he was made Dominion Astronomer in Ottawa and made a study of meteorite craters in Canada. In March, 1951 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.[1][4]

He retired in 1964. In 1969 Beals was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.[5] The asteroid 3314 Beals and the crater Beals on the Moon are both named after him. He died on July 2, 1979, aged 80.


  1. ^ a b c Herzberg, G. (1981). "Carlyle Smith Beals. 29 June 1899-2 July 1979". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 27: 28. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1981.0002. JSTOR 769864. 
  2. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ Beals, Donald W. "Beals of Distinction". The Beals Family of Annapolis County Nova Scotia. Retrieved 28 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 11 December 2010. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Order of Canada citation

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