Carmanville

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Carmanville
Rocky Bay
Town
Carmanville is located in Newfoundland
Carmanville
Carmanville
Location of Carmanville in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 49°22′N 54°16′W / 49.367°N 54.267°W / 49.367; -54.267
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Settled 1825
Population (2006)
 • Total 753
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709

Carmanville is a Canadian community in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

History[edit]

Carmanville, on the northeastern coast of Newfoundland, was first settled by John Day, from Twillingate, and his family. The Day family trapped otter and fox and became friends with a family of Aboriginals living there. Carmanville was originally called Rocky Bay, and in the 1845 Census Rocky Bay was recorded to have a population of eleven, all Church of England. It was not until the 1880s that the population began to increase. In 1874 the population was 15, ten years later it was 171, with mostly Methodists. The inhabitants fished, did gardening, and raised animals for a living. By 1900 there were 402 inhabitants. Rocky Bay was changed to Carmanville on June 18, 1906 after the General Superintendent of the Methodist Church of Canada, Rev. Albert Carman. By 1966 the population was 938 and lumbering had also become an important source of employment; especially for shipbuilding. Logging, lobster, cod, and the Labrador fishery were all important to Carmanville's economy.[1]

Church history[edit]

The 1836 Census show the population at Rocky Bay as being Protestant Episcopalians and later as Church of England. By 1869 there were 18 Church of England and 9 Wesleyans living there. As most of the inhabitants were Methodists by 1884, a clergyman and teacher were present and they began working on a school and church. A Methodist church opened in April 1897 which served for 25 years. Some ministers who served there between 1885 and 1904 were Cheeseman, Rex, Skinner, Jefferson, Abraham, Stoney, Indoe, Hoskins, Stoney, Bartlett, Saint, Dean, Bennett, and Coppin.[2]

Education[edit]

Early education in Carmanville was divided up between Roman Catholic and Protestant schools with little help from the colonial government. The first school began in 1887 under the school board and Methodist Education Council. It was a one-room school with a capacity of 50 students. When it opened there were 34 students taught by Mr. Solomon Whiteway from Musgrave Harbour. They eventually outgrew the one room school-chapel and in 1904 a new, larger, 2-room school was built on church property. In 1900, 49 students were enrolled in school, by 1902 there were 60 and 81 in 1903. Enrolments and regular attendance fluctuated.[3]

Census information[edit]

1845 1857 1869 1874
population 11 14 27 15
Seamen/Fishermen 3 4 6 2
catching/curing fish - 4 7 4
inhabited houses 1 3 3 4
church of England 11 13 18 15
Methodist/Wesleyans 0 1 9 -
total # of boats 4 - 1 -
barrels of potatoes produced 180 93 120 50
turnip produced - 5 barrels - -
nets and seines - 13 10 8
salmon caught/cured - 13 tres - 25 tres
fishing rooms - - 1 1
cattle/cows/oxen - 6 12 6
sheep - - 5 -

Directory information[edit]

  • Lovell's Newfoundland Directory

Carmanville is a small fishing settlement in the Twillingate and Fogo district on the straight shore. Its population in 1871 was 27.[4]

- John Day, Jr. Fisherman

- John Day, Sr. Fisherman

- William Day. Fisherman

Interesting facts[edit]

  • Carmanville appeared on maps as early as 1784 as "Baie des Roches" and in 1794 as Rocky Bay.[5]
  • Robert Shelly of Rocky Baywas on the board of road commissioners in the mid-to-late 19th century.[6]
  • Scammel, Camel, and Hicks were the names if the outport board for Rocky Bay in the 1880s. By the 1890s the names of members were Russel, Perry, Hicks, and Chaulk.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador.
  2. ^ Graham Snow, The History of Carmanville 1826-1980, 1983.
  3. ^ Snow, History of Carmanville
  4. ^ Lovell's Newfoundland Directory, 1871.
  5. ^ Snow,History of Carmanville
  6. ^ Newfoundland Almanac
  7. ^ Newfoundland Almanc 1887, 1896.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°22′N 54°16′W / 49.367°N 54.267°W / 49.367; -54.267