Carme Chacón

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Carme Chacón
Carme Chacón, 13-07-2010 (cropped).jpg
Minister of Defence
In office
April 14, 2008 – December 22, 2011
Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded by José Antonio Alonso
Succeeded by Pedro Morenés
Minister of Housing
In office
July 9, 2007 – April 11, 2008
Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded by María Antonia Trujillo
Succeeded by Beatriz Corredor
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office
13 January 2016 – 19 July 2016
Constituency Barcelona
In office
13 March 2000 – 31 August 2013
Constituency Barcelona
Personal details
Born Carme Chacón Piqueras
(1971-03-13)March 13, 1971
Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain
Died April 9, 2017(2017-04-09) (aged 46)
Madrid, Spain
Political party PSOE (PSC)
Spouse(s) Miguel Barroso (2007–2016)
Alma mater University of Barcelona
University of Kingston
York University
Laval University
Occupation Lawyer
Professor

Carme Maria Chacón Piqueras (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈkarmə tʃəˈkom piˈkeɾəs]; March 13, 1971 – April 9, 2017) was a Spanish lawyer, lecturer and politician who was Minister of Defence from 2008 to 2011 in the cabinet led by Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero,

Member of Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE) since 1994, she was elected member of the Parliament of Catalonia and Vice President of the Spanish Congress of Deputies, the lower house in the Spanish Parliament. In 2007, she entered the cabinet led by Spanish Prime Minister José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero as Minister of Housing. A year later, she became the first woman to take charge of the Spanish Ministry of Defense.

Early life and education[edit]

Chacón was born in Esplugues de Llobregat in Catalonia, in the region of Baix Llobregat. She held a bachelor's degree in Law from the University of Barcelona, and conducted her postgraduate studies at Osgoode Hall Law School, Kingston University and Laval University. Besides this, she worked as a lecturer of Constitutional Law at the University of Girona between 1994 and 2004.[1]

Political career[edit]

Chacón was a member of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) and Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) since 1994. She was first elected as a PSOE member of parliament for Barcelona in the 2000 election. In the same year, she became vice-president of the Spanish Congress of Deputies (Lower House) in José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's legislature and she was later named minister of Housing after María Antonia Trujillo, before becoming Minister of Defence in April 2008.[2]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Her parliamentary career started after the general elections of 2000 when she won a seat for the province of Barcelona and went on to be elected as such in different legislations.

Minister of Housing[edit]

Whilst José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero’s term, Carme replaced María Antonia Trujillo as Minister of Housing. When already in charge, she had to face the Spanish real estate bubble.

Minister of Defence[edit]

Spanish Minister of Defense Carme Chacon and Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates discuss defense issues during the Budapest NATO Conference in Budapest (Hungary, on Oct. 9, 2008).

The 14th April 2008, Chacon was named Minister of Defence. She became the first female Minister of Defence in Spain, which, together with the fact that she was seven months pregnant at the time, was considered a significant development by the press.[3][4] Interior Minister Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba temporarily took over the defense portfolio when Chacón gave birth.[5] Shortly after she chose to live in the Ministry’s residence, which has its own kindergarten, so as not to waste time travelling between her home and her workplace.[6] That year surveys results points to her as the most influential minister of Mr Zapatero cabinet.

In 2009, Carme announced the controversial withdrawal of Spanish troops set in Kosovo due to its unrecognizable independence proclamation for the country. Despite the strong opposition of the US government, the Spanish cabinet agreed with the NATO allies the gradual withdrawal of these troops.

In the same year, with the growth of piracy in Somali waters, Carme had to deal with the capture of Alakrana, a Basque trawler. A year after, she justified the delivery of new troops to Afghanistan as she proclaimed there was light at the end of the tunnel. Months later, she travelled to Haiti to decorate dead Spanish soldiers on a helicopter crash and visit those deployed due to an earthquake.

Chacón in Herat, Afghanistan in 2010

At the NATO summit in Lisbon in 2010, she informed that the Spanish Armed Forces would start the transference of two Afghan provinces under their control in 2011, three years before the established date by the Alliance for the retreat of the troops. As a minister, the country’s Emergency State of the democracy was decreed for the air traffic controllers’ crisis in 2010. She also chaired the meetings of the EU defence ministers while Spain held the European Union's six-month rotating presidency. During this time, she led the negotiations with EADS about €3.5 billion ($4.7 billion) extra funding for the Airbus A400M Atlas military transport.[7]

In 2011, the Congreso de los Diputados, the lower house in the Spanish Parliament, adopted a law for the rights and duties of the soldiers (also known as Chacon law). This law allows the soldiers to have an associative activity and creates a committee or Junta de Personal acting as a link between the Ministry and the troops.

38th Federal Congress of PSOE[edit]

After Zapatero announced he was not going to run in the 2012 elections, Chacón was expected to run for her party's leadership during autumn 2011. However, after the failure of the PSOE in 2011 local elections, she announced that she was withdrawing from the race.[8] The general election was held early in November 2011, in which Zapatero's government was defeated by the People's Party. She left her post and handed to the new defence minister, Pedro Morenés.[9]

In January 2012 she announced her intention to opt for the general secretary of PSOE. According to Chacón, her goal was to "lead a new project" and "raise" the party. However, during the celebration of the 38th Federal Congress of PSOE, Chacón lost against Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba 487 to 465 votes.[10]

PSOE's Secretary for International Relations[edit]

Since PSOE’s Extraordinary Congress, celebrated on July 2014, Chacón handled the Socialist party's international relations.[2] When Rubalcaba later announced his resignation after his party’s dismal showing in the 2014 European elections, Chacón was widely seen as one of the frontrunners for his replacement, but did not run.[11] She left politics in 2016 to practice law.[2] She was also a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations.[12]

Personal life[edit]

Since 2007 to 2016 she was married to Miguel Barroso, a Spanish journalist, father of her son,[13] also named Miguel.

Carme Chacón was found dead at her home on the 9th of April 2017, aged 46, due to a congenital heart defect.[2] Chacón suffered from dextrocardia and an atrioventricular block.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ministra de Defensa: Carme Chacón Piqueras" (in Spanish). Government of Spain. Archived from the original on December 17, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Carme Chacón, Spain's first female defence minister, dies". The Guardian. Associated Press. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Abend, Lisa (April 15, 2008). "Spain's Pregnant Defense Minister". TIME. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  4. ^ Sarah Morris (February 16, 2012). "Women's work | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk". Guardian. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  5. ^ Victoria Burnett (May 21, 2008), Spain’s Defense Minister Becomes a Mother New York Times.
  6. ^ Helene Zuber (April 15, 2010), Charming Carme: Spain's Defense Minister Makes Her Mark in a Macho World Der Spiegel.
  7. ^ Gerrit Wiesmann (February 25, 2010), Deal in principle struck on A400M Financial Times.
  8. ^ "Chacón: "Me retiro porque se ha puesto en riesgo al PSOE y al Gobierno" | Política | EL PAÍS". Politica.elpais.com. May 26, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Spain's new Minister of Defence Pedro Mo". Getty Images. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  10. ^ "POLÍTICA . Comunitat : Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba gana a Carme Chacón por 22 votos de diferencia : El periódico de aquí". Elperiodicodeaqui.com. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  11. ^ Tobias Buck (May 26, 2014), Spain’s opposition Socialist leader Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba quits Financial Times.
  12. ^ "Remembering Carme Chacón". ECFR. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  13. ^ Villar, Cote (23 July 2016). "Carme Chacón se divorcia de Miguel Barroso tras nueve años casados". EL MUNDO (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "Tengo 35 pulsaciones por minuto, el corazón al revés, un bloqueo auricular y ventricular completo". 12 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Margarita Mariscal de Gante
Vice-President of the Congress of Deputies
2004–2007
Succeeded by
Carmen Calvo
Preceded by
María Antonia Trujillo
Minister of Housing
2007–2008
Succeeded by
Beatriz Corredor
Preceded by
José Antonio Alonso
Minister of Defence
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Pedro Morenés