"A Partnership for Tomorrow"
|• Mayor||James Brainard (R) (1996-present)|
|• Total||50.17 sq mi (129.94 km2)|
|• Land||49.09 sq mi (127.13 km2)|
|• Water||1.08 sq mi (2.80 km2)|
|Elevation||853 ft (260 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,032.3/sq mi (784.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
46032, 46033, 46074, 46082, 46280, 46290
|Area code(s)||317, 463|
|GNIS feature ID||0432143|
Carmel // is a suburban city in Indiana immediately north of Indianapolis. With a population of 100,777, the city spans 49 square miles (130 km2) across Clay Township in Hamilton County, Indiana, and is bordered by the White River to the east; the Hamilton-Boone county line to the west; 96th Street to the south and 146th Street to the north. Though Carmel was home to one of the first electronic automated traffic signals in the state, the city has constructed 140 roundabouts (as of October 2021[update]) since 1998, earning its moniker as the "Roundabout Capital of the U.S."
It is cited as one of the Best Places to Live in America by Money magazine and other surveys such as Wallet Hub, Niche, and SafeWise. The city has also been honored for being one of the safest in America, and best place to launch a career and to raise a family.
Carmel was originally called "Bethlehem". It was platted and recorded in 1837 by Daniel Warren, Alexander Mills, John Phelps, and Seth Green.: 241 The original settlers were predominantly Quakers. Today, the plot first established in Bethlehem, located at the intersection of Rangeline Road and Main Street, is marked by a clock tower, donated by the local Rotary Club in 2002. A post office was established as "Carmel" in 1846 because Indiana already had a post office called Bethlehem. The town of Bethlehem was renamed "Carmel" in 1874, due to the need of a post office, at which time it was incorporated.: 247
In 1924, one of the first automatic traffic signals in the U.S. was installed at the intersection of Main Street and Rangeline Road. The signal was the invention of Leslie Haines and is currently in the old train station on the Monon Trail.
Carmel occupies the southwestern part of Hamilton County, adjacent to Indianapolis and, with the annexation of Home Place in 2018, is now entirely coextensive with Clay Township. It is bordered to the north by Westfield, to the northeast by Noblesville, to the east by Fishers, to the south by Indianapolis in Marion County, and to the west by Zionsville in Boone County. The center of Carmel is 15 miles (24 km) north of the center of Indianapolis.
According to the 2010 census, Carmel has a total area of 48.545 square miles (125.73 km2), of which 47.46 square miles (122.92 km2) (or 97.76%) is land and 1.085 square miles (2.81 km2) (or 2.24%) is water.
Major east–west streets in Carmel generally end in a 6 and include 96th Street (the southern border), 106th, 116th, 126th, 131st, 136th, and 146th (which marks the northern border). The numbering system is aligned to that of Marion and Hamilton counties. Main Street (131st) runs east–west through Carmel's Art & Design District; Carmel Drive runs generally east–west through the main shopping area, and City Center Drive runs east–west near Carmel's City Center project.
North–south streets are not numbered and include (west to east) Michigan, Shelborne, Towne, Ditch, Spring Mill, Meridian, Guilford, Rangeline, Keystone, Carey, Gray, Hazel Dell, and River. Some of these roads are continuations of corresponding streets in Indianapolis. Towne Road replaces the name Township Line Road at 96th Street, while Westfield Boulevard becomes Rangeline north of 116th Street. Meridian Street (US 31) and Keystone Parkway (formerly Keystone Avenue/SR 431) are the major thoroughfares, extending from 96th Street in the south and merging just south of 146th Street. The City of Carmel is nationally noted for having well over 100 roundabouts within its borders, with even more presently under construction or planned.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
According to a 2017 estimate, the median household income in the city was $109,201.
The median home price between 2013 and 2017 was $320,400.
As of the census of 2010, there were 79,191 people, 28,997 households, and 21,855 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,668.6 inhabitants per square mile (644.3/km2). There were 30,738 housing units at an average density of 647.7 per square mile (250.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.4% White, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.9% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.5% of the population.
There were 28,997 households, of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no partner present, 2.4% had a male householder with no partner present, and 24.6% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.18.
The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 29.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.7% were from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
The Meridian Corridor serves as a large concentration of corporate office space within the city. It is home to more than 40 corporate headquarters and many more regional offices. Several large companies reside in Carmel, and it serves as the national headquarters for Allegion, CNO Financial Group, MISO, KAR Global and Delta Faucet.
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||CNO Financial Group||1,600|
|4||Capital Group Companies||975|
|6||KAR Auction Services (Adesa)||892|
|7||IU Health North||800|
Arts and culture
Rollfast Gran Fondo
Indiana's only Gran Fondo, this cycling event attracts professional cyclists as well as recreational riders. In 2019, the event is the World Championship for the Gran Fondo World Tour. Each route is fully supported with food, drinks, and mechanical support.
Carmel Farmers Market
Founded in 1998, the Carmel Farmers Market is one of the largest in the state of Indiana, with over 60 vendors of Indiana-grown and/or produced edible products. The market, which is managed by an all-volunteer committee, is held each Saturday morning from mid-May through the first weekend of October on Center Green at the Palladium, the farmers market attracts over 60,000 people a year.
Carmel Monon Community Center
A $24.5 million water park and fitness center is the centerpiece of Carmel's $55 million Central Park, which opened in 2007. The Outdoor Water Park consists of two water slides, a drop slide, a rock-climbing wall, a lazy river, a kiddie pool, a large zero depth activity pool, Flowrider, and a lap pool. The fitness center consists of an indoor lap pool, a recreation pool with its own set of water slides and a snack bar, gymnasium, 1⁄8-mile (0.20 km) indoor running track, and the Kids Zone childcare. The building housing the Carmel Clay Parks Department offices is connected by an elevated walkway over the Monon Trail.
The Monon Greenway is a multi-use trail that is part of the Rails-to-Trails movement. It runs from 10th Street near downtown Indianapolis through Broad Ripple and then crosses into Carmel at 96th Street and continues north through 146th Street into Westfield and continues to Sheridan. The trail ends in Sheridan near the intersection of Opel and 236th streets. In January 2006, speed limit signs of 15 to 20 miles per hour (24 to 32 km/h) were added to sections of the trail in Hamilton County.
Carmel Arts & Design District
Designed to promote small businesses and local artisans, Carmel's Arts and Design District and City Center is in Old Town Carmel and flanked by Carmel High School on the east and the Monon Greenway on the west, with the state goal of celebrating the creativity and craftsmanship of the miniature art form.. The district includes the Carmel Clay Public Library, the Hamilton County Convention & Visitor's Bureau and Welcome Center, and a collection of art galleries, boutiques, interior designers, cafes, and restaurants. Lifelike sculptures by John Seward Johnson II ornament the streets of the district.
The district hosts several annual events and festivals. The Carmel Artomobilia Collector Car Show showcases classic, vintage, exotic and rare cars, along with art inspired by automobile design. Every September, the Carmel International Arts Festival features a juried art exhibit of artists from around the world, concerts, dance performances, and hands-on activities for children.
In the heart of the district stands the Museum of Miniature Houses, open since 1993. The museum has seven exhibit rooms of fully furnished houses, room displays, and collections of miniature glassware, clocks, tools, and dolls.
Carmel City Center
Carmel City Center is a one-million-square-foot (93,000 m2), $300 million, mixed-use development located in the heart of Carmel. Carmel City Center is home to The Palladium at the Center for the Performing Arts, which includes a 1,600-seat concert hall, 500-seat theater, and 200-seat black box theater. This pedestrian-based master plan development is located at the southwest corner of City Center Drive (126th Street) and Range Line Road. The Monon Greenway runs directly through the project. Carmel City Center was developed as a public/private partnership.
Clay Terrace is one of the largest retail centers in Carmel. Other shopping areas include Carmel City Center, Mohawk Trails Plaza, and Merchants' Square. The Carmel Arts & Design District has a number of retail establishments along Main Street, Range Line Road, 3rd Avenue, and 2nd Street.
Kawachinagano Japanese Garden
Ground was broken for the Japanese Garden south of City Hall in 2007. The garden was dedicated in 2009 as the 15th anniversary of Carmel's Sister City relationship with Kawachinagano, Japan, was celebrated. An Azumaya-style tea gazebo was constructed in 2011 and dedicated on May 2 of that year.
Great American Songbook Foundation
The Great American Songbook Foundation is the nation's only foundation and museum dedicated to preserving the music of the early to mid 1900s. The foundation is led by Michael Feinstein, who is also the artistic director of the Center for the Performing Arts.
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The current mayor is James Brainard, who has served since 1996. The city council consists of nine members. Six are elected from individual districts and three are elected at-large.
In mid-2017, the city council was considering a multimillion-dollar bond issue that would cover the cost of roundabouts, paths, roadwork, land acquisition by the Carmel Redevelopment Commission and would include the purchase of an antique carousel from a Canadian amusement park for an estimated purchase price of CAD $3 million, approximately US$2.25 million. However, a citizen led petition drive against the purchase caused the city counsel to remove it from the bond issue.
According to the Indiana Department of Local Government Finance, as of 2019 the City of Carmel had an overall debt load of $1.3 billion.
List of mayors
|№||Portrait||Mayor||Term of office||Election||Party|
|1||Albert Pickett||January 1, 1976
January 1, 1980
|2||Jane A. Reiman||January 1, 1980
January 1, 1988
|3||Dorothy J. Hancock||January 1, 1988
January 1, 1992
|4||Ted Johnson||January 1, 1992
January 1, 1996
|5||James Brainard||January 1, 1996
The Carmel Clay Schools district has 11 elementary schools (Kindergarten - Grade 5), three middle schools (Grades 6-8), and one high school (Grades 9-12). Student enrollment for the district is above 14,500.
The elementary schools include:
- Carmel Elementary (Feeds into Carmel Middle School)
- Cherry Tree Elementary (Feeds into Clay Middle School)
- Clay Center Elementary (Feeds into Creekside Middle School)
- College Wood Elementary (Feeds into Creekside Middle School)
- Forest Dale Elementary (Feeds into Carmel Middle School)
- Mohawk Trails Elementary (Feeds into Clay Middle School)
- Prairie Trace Elementary (Feeds into Clay Middle School)
- Smoky Row Elementary (Feeds into Carmel Middle School)
- Town Meadow Elementary (Feeds into Creekside Middle School)
- West Clay Elementary (Feeds into Creekside Middle School)
- Woodbrook Elementary (Feeds into Clay Middle School)
The middle schools include:
Carmel has several private schools, including:
- Coram Deo Academy (Kindergarten– Grade 12)
- Midwest Academy (Grades 3–12)
- Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic School (Kindergarten– Grade 8)
- Pilgrim Lutheran Preschool (Preschool)
- St. Elizabeth Seton Preschool (Preschool, Pre-Kindergarten, and Kindergarten)
- University High School (Grades 9–12)
- Walnut Grove Christian Prep School (Kindergarten– Grade 12)
- Bernie Allen, baseball player
- Ted Allen, television personality
- Franklin Booth, influential pen-and-ink artist
- Steve Chassey, Indy Car driver
- Pete Dye, golf course designer
- Jay Howard, British racing driver
- Steve Inskeep, host of Morning Edition, National Public Radio
- Jake Lloyd, former actor known for his portrayal of young Anakin Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace
- Josh McRoberts, former professional basketball player for the Dallas Mavericks
- Dorothy Letterman Mengering, mother of comedian and talk show host David Letterman
- Rajeev Ram, American professional tennis player, the winner of 2019 Australian Open – Mixed Doubles tournament
- Takuma Sato, Japanese racing driver
- Lee Schmidt, golf course designer
- Rob Schmitt, reporter and Fox News co-host
- Avriel Shull, architectural designer/builder and interior decorator
- Zach Trotman, professional hockey player (Boston Bruins, Pittsburgh Penguins)
- Sheldon Vanauken, American author known for A Severe Mercy (1977)
- Seema Verma, American health policy consultant and former Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
- Todd Young, currently the senior United States senator from Indiana
- Kawachinagano, Osaka Prefecture, Japan (1994)
- Xiangyang, Hubei, China (2012)
- Jelgava, Semigallia, Latvia (2022)
- Cortona, Tuscany, Italy (2022)
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Carmel city, Indiana; United States". www.census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
- "ZIP Code by City and State - Carmel, IN". United States Postal Service. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Contreras, Natalia (January 1, 2019). "Carmel loves roundabouts: Here's why". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Roundabout Index: Carmel, IN". No more corners. All About Roundabout Society. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
- "Carmel, Indiana Is No. 3 on MONEY's Best Places to Live list". Money. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "City Wide Awards". City of Carmel. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- Haines, John F. (1915). History of Hamilton County, Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions, Volume 1. B.F. Bowen & Co.
- "Hamilton County History Timeline". Carmel Clay Historical Society. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "Hamilton County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
- "History of Carmel, Indiana". City of Carmel, Indiana. Archived from the original on June 15, 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2007.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/24/13 through 6/28/13. National Park Service. July 5, 2013.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- Sims, Chris. "Carmel's latest reason to celebrate: Roundabout No. 110". The Indianapolis Star.
- "Public Roads -Roundabouts Coming Full Circle, Autumn 2017-FHWA-HRT-18-001". www.fhwa.dot.gov.
- "Roundabout Index: Carmel, IN". All About Roundabouts Society. November 23, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
- "Quick Facts - Carmel city, Indiana". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "TOP EMPLOYERS". Invest Hamilton County. Archived from the original on October 24, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
- "Home". Rollfast.
- "Carmel Farmers Market - LocalHarvest". www.localharvest.org.
- "Library Name". haplr-index.com. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- "Home". ARTOMOBILIA. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- "Tickets & Events". The Center For The Performing Arts.
- "Carmel City Center FAQ" (PDF). carmelcitycenter.com. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- Parallelus. "Carmel City Center | Official Site of Downtown Carmel". Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "Carmel Arts and Design District : Carmel, Indiana". www.carmelartsanddesign.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "City of Carmel, IN: History". City of Carmel, IN. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Heck, Nancy S. "Dedication of Japanese Tea Gazebo with Sister City Kawachinagano, Japan". Indy Biz. Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "The Center for the Performing Arts | Great American Songbook Foundation". The Center For The Performing Arts. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "The Center for the Performing Arts | About". The Center For The Performing Arts. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "City of Carmel, IN : Mayor". in.gov. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- "Carmel considers $101M for roundabouts, land, paths, carousel". Chris Sikich. IndyStar. July 10, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- "Toronto's 110-year old carousel on Centre Island sold for $3 million". Fatima Syed. Toronto Star. July 19, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- McKinney, Matt (September 19, 2017). "Carmel's controversial $5M carousel plan removed". WRTV. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- "Carmel Mayor Jim Brainard sees $1.3B as worthy investment. His challenger sees troublesome debt". Natalia Contreras. May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
- "History - City of Carmel". www.carmel.in.gov.
- "Republicans Sweep Carmel's 1st City Vote". The Indianapolis Star. November 5, 1975. p. 12. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- "Carmel Grows Up: The History and Vision of an Edge City" (PDF). www.carmelclayhistory.org. 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- "Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Carmel Clay Schools". ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- "Carmel Elementary School". 1.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
- "Cherry Tree Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Clay Center Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "College Wood Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Forest Dale Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Mohawk Trails Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Prairie Trace Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Smoky Row Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Towne Meadow Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "West Clay Elementary Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Woodbrook Elementary School Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Carmel Middle School". www1.ccs.k12.in.us.
- "Clay Middle School home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Creekside Middle School Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "Carmel High School Home - Carmel Clay Schools". www.ccs.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
- "K-12 Schools in Carmel, IN". Niche.
- Bernie Allen bio at Society for American Baseball Research
- Morrison, Janelle (May 2021). "Carmel's Own IndyCar Driver Jay Howard: On Developing the Next Generation of Drivers". Carmel Monthly magazine. Archived from the original on 2021-05-25.
- Brown, Brad (January 31, 2019). "Carmel's Rajeev Ram wins major mixed doubles title". RTV6. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
- "Exploring Carmel's Newest Sister City: Cortona". Carmel Monthly Magazine. Retrieved July 13, 2022.