Carmel Highlands, California

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Carmel Highlands
Carmel Highlands, California viewed from Gibson Beach Aug 2019 3.jpg
Carmel Highlands viewed from the Point Lobos State Natural Reserve.
Carmel Highlands is located in California
Carmel Highlands
Carmel Highlands
Location in California
Carmel Highlands is located in the United States
Carmel Highlands
Carmel Highlands
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°30′15″N 121°55′54″W / 36.50417°N 121.93167°W / 36.50417; -121.93167Coordinates: 36°30′15″N 121°55′54″W / 36.50417°N 121.93167°W / 36.50417; -121.93167
Country United States
State California
CountyMonterey County
Elevation97 m (318 ft)
Time zonePST
 • Summer (DST)PDT
ZIP code
93923[2]
Area code(s)831
GNIS feature ID1759219

Carmel Highlands is an unincorporated community in Monterey County, California, United States.[1] It is 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south of Carmel-by-the-Sea (better known as simply, "Carmel"),[3] at an elevation of 318 feet (97 m).[1] Carmel Highlands is also located just south of the Point Lobos State Reserve, and serves as the northern gateway of the Big Sur coastline along California State Route 1. Carmel Highlands was laid out in 1916 by developers Frank Hubbard Powers and James Franklin Devendorf and the Carmel Development Company.[3]

History[edit]

Illustration of Carmel Highlands by Jo Mora in 1926.

In 1906, the Carmel Development Company purchased two miles (3 km) of land from the local ranchers south of Point Lobos, where it developed the Carmel Highlands. In 1915, Frank Devendorf developed the Carmel Highlands as a residential community of creative people dedicated to the arts. Devendorf and his foreman, Frank DeAmaral developed the area with the Highlands Inn as a resort hotel at the center of the development. He planted pine trees and laid out the roads and building sites. His friend, marine artist William Frederic Ritschel, helped him plan sight lines for the hotel that had views north along the coast.[4][5] The building of the Big Sur Coast Highway in the 1930s opened the area and allowed tourists to discover the area. Point Lobos, which borders the Highlands on the north, became a State Park in 1933.[6]

The Carmel Highlands was important in the development of the regional art colony during the first half of the 20th century. Here many painters and sculptors found inspiration in the rugged scenery and established studio-homes, including: Ferdinand Burgdorff, Alice Comins, Theodore Criley, Arthur Hill Gilbert, Ralph Helm Johonnot, Ada Howe Kent, George Koch, Louise F. MacDougal, John O'Shea, Thomas Parkhurst, Ira Remsen, William Frederic Ritschel, Nora Havel Ritschel.,[7]

Ansel Adams, and Edward Weston, whose studio home, Wildcat Hill, is preserved and occupied by his grandson, Kim Weston.[8]

The local Carmel literati frequently socialized in the Highlands, including Lincoln Steffens, Ella Winter, Robinson Jeffers, and Sinclair Lewis.[7]

The real estate in the Carmel Highlands is some of the most expensive in the United States.[citation needed] Many celebrities have homes and vacation homes in this area. The ZIP Code is 93923, and the community is inside area code 831.

Government[edit]

At the county level, Carmel Highlands is represented on the Monterey County Board of Supervisors by Supervisor Mary Adams.[9] In the California State Legislature, Carmel Highlands is in the 17th Senate District, represented by Democrat John Laird, and in the 29th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mark Stone.[10]

In the United States House of Representatives, Carmel Highlands is in California's 20th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jimmy Panetta[11]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Carmel Highlands". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 881. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  4. ^ Gilliam, Harold; Gilliam, Ann (1992). Creating Carmel: The Enduring Vision. Peregrine Smith Books. Salt Lake City. pp. 14, 80, 137. ISBN 9780879053970. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
  5. ^ Dramov, Alissandra (2013). Carmel-by-the-Sea, the Early Years (1903-1913). Author House. Bloomington, IN. p. 99-100, 208, 221. ISBN 9781491824146. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  6. ^ "Carmel Highlands Association". www.carmelhighlands.org. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  7. ^ a b Edwards, Robert W. (2012). Jennie V. Cannon: The Untold History of the Carmel and Berkeley Art Colonies, Vol. 1. Oakland, Calif.: East Bay Heritage Project. pp. 347, 358, 360, 412, 459, 467, 476, 490, 553–554, 564, 587, 601, 656, 688–691. ISBN 9781467545679. An online facsimile of the entire text of Vol. 1 is posted on the Traditional Fine Arts Organization website (http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/10aa/10aa557.htm Archived April 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine).
  8. ^ Willner, Paul (March 18, 2011). "Edward Weston's Wildcat Hill still in the family". SFGate. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  9. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 5 Map (North District 5)" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  10. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  11. ^ "California's 20th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  12. ^ Coile, Zachary; Gurnon, Emily; Hatfield, Larry D. (October 13, 1997). "John Denver dies in crash". SFGate. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  13. ^ "Oscar winner Joan Fontaine dies at 96 – lived in Carmel Highlands". Monterey Herald. December 15, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.

External links[edit]