Carmen, Bohol

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Carmen
Municipality of Carmen
Chocolate Hills tourism deck
Chocolate Hills tourism deck
Nickname(s): 
Home of the Great Chocolate Hills
Map of Bohol with Carmen highlighted
Map of Bohol with Carmen highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Carmen is located in Philippines
Carmen
Carmen
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°49′N 124°12′E / 9.82°N 124.2°E / 9.82; 124.2Coordinates: 9°49′N 124°12′E / 9.82°N 124.2°E / 9.82; 124.2
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas
ProvinceBohol
District 3rd district
Founded1 March 1869
Barangays29 (see Barangays)
Government
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRicardo Francisco A. Toribio
 • Vice MayorRomeo C. Bigay Jr.
 • RepresentativeKristine Alexie B. Tutor
 • Electorate33,270 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total239.45 km2 (92.45 sq mi)
Elevation
258 m (846 ft)
Highest elevation
440 m (1,440 ft)
Lowest elevation
147 m (482 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total46,306
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Households
10,264
Economy
 • Income class2nd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence29.22% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱170,653,601.98 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityBohol 1 Electric Cooperative (BOHECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6319
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)38
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesBoholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog
Patron saintAnthony de Abbot

Carmen, officially the Municipality of Carmen (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Carmen; Tagalog: Bayan ng Carmen), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 46,306 people. [3]

The town of Carmen, Bohol celebrates its fiesta on January 17, to honor the town patron Saint Anthony de Abbot.[5]

History[edit]

Carmen was originally part of the municipality of Bilar and called Imbaya, after the name of a stream in the settlement.[6] During the Spanish time, it was inhabited by not more than fifty families. In 1868, the people of Carmen petitioned for its independence since its population grew to an unprecedented number. The town of Carmen was founded on 1 March 1869 by final order of Governor General Jose de la Gandara and renamed at the same time in honor of the Lady of Carmel of Spain. In 1874, the town of Carmen had its separate parish with Father Pedro Nolasco San Juan as the first parish priest.

Due to the influence of Spanish culture and tradition, all barangays of Carmen have a patron saint as well as a Spanish name, who are celebrated in an annual barangay fiesta.

In World War II, Carmen served as the stronghold of the guerrilla resistance movement and the local civil government because of its strategic location. Even at present, the municipality still serves the same purpose of being the provincial center of dynamic activities.

In 2013 a magnitude 7.2 earthquake shook Central Visayas region, with its epicenter within Carmen municipality.

Geography[edit]

Chocolate Hills in Carmen, Bohol

Carmen is located in the heart of Bohol Island. The Chocolate Hills, composed of 1,776 cone-shaped karst hills, are a major geographic landmark in Carmen. The origin of its name comes from the fact that the hills turns brown in the hot summer days.

Barangays[edit]

Carmen comprises 29 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
071212001 Alegria 2.7% 1,253 1,199 0.84%
071212002 Bicao 5.5% 2,546 2,295 2.00%
071212003 Buenavista 5.6% 2,605 2,546 0.44%
071212004 Buenos Aires 3.0% 1,407 1,337 0.98%
071212005 Calatrava 4.3% 1,974 1,801 1.76%
071212006 El Progreso 1.9% 890 820 1.57%
071212007 El Salvador 1.2% 566 543 0.79%
071212008 Guadalupe 4.5% 2,080 1,991 0.84%
071212009 Katipunan 6.5% 3,027 2,712 2.11%
071212010 La Libertad 1.7% 804 840 −0.83%
071212011 La Paz 3.2% 1,480 1,430 0.66%
071212012 La Salvacion 2.3% 1,053 1,061 −0.14%
071212013 La Victoria 2.6% 1,202 1,100 1.70%
071212014 Matin‑ao 1.9% 882 800 1.88%
071212015 Montehermoso 1.9% 874 952 −1.61%
071212016 Montesuerte 5.8% 2,670 2,467 1.52%
071212017 Montesunting 2.0% 915 870 0.96%
071212018 Montevideo 2.8% 1,295 1,274 0.31%
071212019 Nueva Fuerza 5.3% 2,433 2,281 1.24%
071212020 Nueva Vida Este 1.9% 884 918 −0.72%
071212022 Nueva Vida Norte 2.1% 967 981 −0.27%
071212021 Nueva Vida Sur 2.0% 909 915 −0.13%
071212023 Poblacion Norte 7.0% 3,224 2,937 1.79%
071212024 Poblacion Sur 7.1% 3,279 2,961 1.96%
071212025 Tambo‑an 2.8% 1,301 1,175 1.96%
071212026 Vallehermoso 0.6% 262 241 1.60%
071212027 Villaflor 2.0% 904 863 0.89%
071212028 Villafuerte 2.7% 1,231 1,012 3.80%
071212029 Villacayo 4.1% 1,890 1,789 1.05%
Total 46,306 43,579 1.16%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Carmen, Bohol
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 102
(4.0)
85
(3.3)
91
(3.6)
75
(3.0)
110
(4.3)
141
(5.6)
121
(4.8)
107
(4.2)
111
(4.4)
144
(5.7)
169
(6.7)
139
(5.5)
1,395
(55.1)
Average rainy days 18.6 14.8 16.5 16.7 23.9 26.4 25.6 24.1 24.4 26.3 23.7 20.5 261.5
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.) [8]

Demographics[edit]

Downtown area
Population census of Carmen
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,106—    
1918 5,214+3.51%
1939 14,026+4.83%
1948 19,006+3.43%
1960 18,669−0.15%
1970 19,571+0.47%
1975 23,580+3.81%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 26,359+2.25%
1990 34,573+2.75%
1995 36,797+1.17%
2000 40,713+2.19%
2007 43,153+0.81%
2010 43,579+0.36%
2015 46,306+1.16%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][9][10]

Economy[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Carmen | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Bohol Festivals Timetable". bohol-philippines.com. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  6. ^ "MUNICIPALITY OF CARMEN". bohol.gov.ph. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Carmen: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Bohol". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External links[edit]