Carmen: A Hip Hopera

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Carmen: A Hip Hopera
Carmen, A Hip Hopera (2001 film) DVD boxart.jpg
DVD cover
Based on
Screenplay byMichael Elliot
Directed byRobert Townsend
ComposerKip Collins
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
ProducerGraig Hutchison
CinematographyGeary McLeod
EditorJonathan Shaw
Running time88 minutes
Production companies
DistributorWarner Bros. Television Distribution
Original networkMTV
Original release
  • May 8, 2001 (2001-05-08)

Carmen: A Hip Hopera is a 2001 American made-for-television musical romance drama film produced by MTV and directed by Robert Townsend. The film stars Beyoncé Knowles in her debut acting role (predating her theatrical film debut in Austin Powers in Goldmember), Mekhi Phifer, Mos Def, Rah Digga, Wyclef Jean, Da Brat, Joy Bryant, Reagan Gomez-Preston (who had previously work with Townsend on The Parent 'Hood, which ended two years earlier), Jermaine Dupri and Lil' Bow Wow. It is based upon the 1875 opera Carmen by Georges Bizet, Ludovic Halévy and Henri Meilhac. The film is set in Philadelphia and Los Angeles in modern times and features a mostly original hip-hop/R&B score in place of Bizet's opera.

The film is the second major African-American adaptation of the opera, the first being the 1943 Broadway musical Carmen Jones and its 1954 Academy Award-nominated film adaptation.[1]


Carmen Brown (Beyoncé Knowles) is a seductive, aspiring actress who unwittingly causes trouble wherever she goes. She gets involved with Sgt. Derek Hill (Mekhi Phifer), who is engaged to the cocktail waitress, Caela (Reagan Gomez-Preston). At Lou's Bar, Carmen gets into a fight with a jealous woman. Hill's superior, Lieutenant Miller (Mos Def) orders Hill to bring Carmen to jail. Carmen tries unsuccessfully to seduce Hill, but she convinces him to let her stop at her apartment to put her mother's ring in a safe place so it does not get stolen in jail. There, she puts on lingerie and wins him over. He is caught in the morning (with Carmen nowhere to be found) by Lieutenant Miller (who is now revealed to be a crooked cop), who brings Caela with him as he arrests Hill. Caela slaps Hill and tells him she hates him.

While in jail, Hill cannot stop thinking about Carmen. She writes him a letter, and he shares his obsession with cellmates Jalil (Lil Bow Wow) and Pockets (Jermaine Dupri). While Hill is in jail, Carmen meets the famous rapper Blaze (Casey Lee) at a nightclub, The Spot. He wants to bring her to Los Angeles, but succeeds only in bringing her best friends. Carmen promises to meet them in LA once Hill is out of jail. Unfortunately, Hill is facing a year of probation once he gets out. However, after he gets into an argument with Miller, he punches him in the face (after calling Carmen a "silly hoe"), he and Carmen flee to Los Angeles. However, Carmen is unaware of the incident.

Things in Los Angeles do not go well. Carmen cannot find an acting job, and Hill's fugitive status prevents him from obtaining employment. She runs into her best friends, Rasheeda (Rah Digga) and Nikki (Joy Bryant), who are being treated like royalty by Blaze. The three of them have their tarot cards read by a psychic (Wyclef Jean). Rasheeda and Nikki receive favorable fortunes, but Carmen's cards read "ruin," "sorrow" and "death." She decides that it is time for a change. She goes to Blaze's rehearsal and wins an invitation to be his date to his next concert. Meanwhile, Miller is looking for Hill, and Porter (his ex-partner) gives him Hill and Carmen's address for a large amount of cash. At the same time, a radio, connected to a power point, falls into the bathtub which Carmen had just left. Carmen wonders if that was meant to be her death.

Shortly afterwards, Carmen breaks up with Hill and moves in with her friends in a house apparently owned by Blaze. She feels that she should not give up her life for him, even though he did for her. Much like his counterpart in the original opera, Hill is devastated. He also learns from Caela that he is in danger. Since Hill knows how crooked he is, Miller wants to get rid of him. But Hill goes to Carmen to try to win her over again and make her leave with him. Carmen does not want to leave and tells Hill that she is staying. While they are arguing, Miller is watching them and accidentally shoots Carmen in the back twice with a silenced gun while aiming for Hill. Carmen is dying in Hill's arms and she can't talk when Hill keeps asking what was wrong. He touches her back and sees blood running down his hand. Sadly, Carmen dies in his arms. He lays the dead body down on the floor and goes to fight Miller. Hill and Miller have their last fight which ends with Miller falling to his death. Rasheeda and Nikki find Carmen's dead body and are both shocked and devastated. The story ends with Hill's wrongful arrest. The film officially ends with the rapping narrator (Da Brat) laying a rose down for Carmen stating "Immortal Beloved ... Carmen Brown, There'll never be another".


Carmen: A Hip Hopera is a remake that mostly resembles the 1954 version starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte titled Carmen Jones. The 1954 remake was of the opera by Georges Bizet titled Carmen. The film has a potential halt[clarification needed] as it exercised a common role for African-American women known as "Jezebel typecast".[2] This was displayed by sassy, shameless, and often cutthroat women. However, Dandridge was able to play the role adding layers to her character and thus the movie became a success. It also became a paramount in the Black feminist community as this was one of the first movies to successfully show a black woman beyond roles that were over sexualized, as well as breaking the mold of the common black role of "mammy".[citation needed]

The Hip Hopera version was directed by Robert Townsend who also directed Meteor Man and Eddie Murphy Raw and starred in the musical The Five Heartbeats in 1991. The Hip Hopera film was produced by MTV in 2001. There are some discrepancies with how the story is made different from its original play version as well as criticism of Beyoncé's movie debut performance. In the book Carmen: From Silent Film to MTV, Perriam and Davies state that "Beyoncé ... is an accomplished, virtuoso singer, and she has difficulty bending her particular talents to spoken delivery".[3] The opposite was said about Mehki Phifer who "has proven himself elsewhere an effective actor for television and film, but he seems to be uncomfortable here either rapping or singing".[4]

The differences between the original play and Carmen Jones can be noted by the following: Carmen was killed in the earlier versions by the male lead; however in the Hip Hopera version while at Blaze's concert, she is shot by Lieutenant Miller in the arms of Hill, the male lead. Also, this was the first widely released musical involving mostly rap. Some similarities between the versions include all star casts (of notable celebrities of the era) as well as some musical themes in relation to the scenes.[citation needed]

Critical response[edit]

The movie received mainly mixed reviews. AllMovie graded the TV movie with two-and-a-half out of five stars.[5]



  1. ^ Oxman, Steven (May 2, 2001). "Review: Carmen: A Hip Hopera". Variety.
  2. ^ Sims, Yvonne D (2006). Women of Blaxploitation: How the Black Action Film Heroine Changed American Popular Culture. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 39.
  3. ^ Perriam & Davies, p. 212
  4. ^ Perriam, Chris; Davies, Ann, eds. (2005). Carmen: From Silent Film to MTV. Amsterdam: NLD: Editions Rodopi.[page needed]
  5. ^ Carmen: A Hip Hopera at AllMovie

External links[edit]