Carmen Barbará

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Carmen Barbará
Born Carme Barbará Geniés
(1933-07-03) 3 July 1933 (age 85)
Barcelona, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Occupation Comics artist, illustrator
Notable work Mary Noticias

Carme Barbará Geniés (born 3 July 1933), known professionally as Carmen Barbará, is a Spanish comics artist and illustrator. Her most famous character is the reporter Mary Noticias (es), who revolutionized the image of women in Spanish cartoons, breaking from their traditional romantic roles.[1]

Biography[edit]

Carme Barbará Geniés was born in Barcelona into a family whose members were very fond of drawing and painting.

Before becoming a cartoonist, her favorite comic was Tim Tyler's Luck (translated into Spanish as Jorge y Fernando), and she also bought the magazines Chicos (es), Mis Chicas (es), Maravillas (es), and El Hombre Enmascarado (The Phantom).

At age 14 she began drawing for a publication set up by a schoolmate. Then in the mid-1950s, she went on to publish fairy tales for Ediciones Alberto Geniés, owned by her cousin.[1]

Her next creation was the character of Luisa in the magazine Florita (es) for Editorial Plaza.

She drew for Ediciones Toray (es) and their comics Mis Cuentos, Alicia, Cuentos de la Abuelita, and Colección Azucena (es).[2] For Editorial Bruguera she drew Sissi and Cuentos Rositas in their women's publications, and Cuentos for girls.[3]

Starting in the 1970s, she focused on illustration.[4] She drew for the Ibero Mundial (es) strips Claro de Luna and Romántica i Marilin. It was also for this publisher that she drew, with scripts by Roy Mark (the pseudonym of Ricardo Acedo (es)), the series Mary Noticias.

Through agencies she worked for the international market: Scotland, France, England, and Sweden.[4]

Mary Noticias[edit]

Carmen Barbará's most famous comic is Mary Noticias (es), published from 1962 to 1971 for Ibero Mundial.[4] Its title character revolutionized the image of women in cartoons, breaking from their traditional romantic roles. Mary works as a television reporter. Her freedom of movement was of some concern to censors of the day.[1]

The strip began on 21 June 1962 and 484 issues were published.

Style[edit]

Barbará's style evolved from the "sappy softness" of the "marvelous comic" to the harder realism of romance comics.

Personal life[edit]

Married with two sons, Barbará worked at home for years while taking care of them. She retired at age 65 in 1998.[1]

Work[edit]

Year Title Writer Type Publication
1951 Serial Carmencita
Colección Azucena
1953 Luisa Series Florita[4]
1955 Serial Mari Tere
1955 Serial Alicia
1956 Serial Rosarito (Jobar)
1956 Pinky (Jobar)
1956 Serial Tres Hadas
1956 Serial Graciela
1958 Yo te contaré... Series Florita[4]
1958 Serial Marta (Cliper)
1958 Serial Princesa Carolina
1958 Serial Lindaflor
1962 Caterina Silvia Duarte Short comic Claro de Luna #174
1962 Mary Noticias Roy Mark Serial Ibero Mundial
1964 Mary Noticias Extra Roy Mark Serial Ibero Mundial
1964 Serial Cuentos Rosita Bruguera

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gayà, Catalina (23 April 2014). "Carme Barberà: 'Hasta la censura se metió con Mary Noticias'" [Carme Barberà: 'Until Mary Noticias got censored']. El Periódico (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. ^ Ramírez, Juan Antonio] (1975). El 'comic' femenino en España. Arte sub y anulación (in Spanish). Madrid: Editorial Cuadernos para el Diálogo, S. A. Colección Divulgación universitaria Arte y literatura, número 78. p. 45. ISBN 84-229-0177-3.
  3. ^ Gon, Manu (28 September 2015). "El cómic femenino de España vuelve al primer plano" [The Feminine Comic of Spain Returns to the Foreground]. Última Hora (in Spanish). Ibiza. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Cuadrado, Jesús (2000). Atlas español de la cultura popular: De la historieta y su uso, 1873–2000 [Spanish Atlas of Popular Culture: On Comics and Their Use, 1873–2000] (in Spanish). Madrid: Ediciones Sinsentido/Fundación Germán Sánchez Ruipérez. pp. 114–115. ISBN 84-89384-23-1.

External links[edit]