Carmen Sylvia Mathews (May 8, 1911 – August 31, 1995) was an American actress in theater, television, and movies with a career spanning 55 years. She was born in Philadelphia. She studied first at Bennett Junior College and then in London at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. She began her professional acting appearance with the Stratford-on-Avon Shakespearean Company before moving back to the United States. Her Shakespearean roles included Ophelia in Hamlet and the Queen in Richard II. Her film credits include Butterfield 8 (1960), A Rage to Live (1965), Rabbit, Run (1970), Sounder (1972), Top of the Hill (1980) and Daniel (1983). Matthews also appeared in six episodes of the 1955-65 Alfred Hitchcock Presents TV series  , as well as the 1963 TV series The Fugitive. One of her more famous roles was that of Col. Lilian Rayborn on Episode 150 of M*A*S*H. Her last role was in the Last Best Year (1990) with Mary Tyler Moore and Bernadette Peters.
In 1975, Mathews set up and ran a residential summer camp for disadvantaged children on her 100-acre farm in Redding, Connecticut. Toward the end her of life, Mathews, a passionate environmentalist, made a perpetual donation of her 100-acre New Pond Farm to the Redding Land Trust, to ensure that it would retain its woods, fields, pond and marsh. Because of her philanthropic activities in education, the United Nations Association of the United States of America named her one of Connecticut's outstanding women in 1987. 
- Published: September 03, 1995 (1995-09-03). "Carmen Mathews, Environmentalist And an Actress, 84 - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- "New Pond Farm, Redding, CT - NPF's Founder, Carmen Mathews". Newpondfarm.org. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- "Carmen Mathews : Biography". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "The Hitchcock Zone".
- "Redding Land Trust, Inc :: Redding, Connecticut". Reddingctlandtrust.org. 2013-03-30. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "U.N. Group to Honor 110 Connecticut Women". The New York Times. AP. 11 October 1987. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- Carmen Mathews papers, 1921-1995, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- New Pond Farm's page on Carmen Mathews
- Remembering Carmen Mathews
- Carmen Mathews on findagrave.com
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