|Born||Carmen García Maura
15 September 1945
Carmen García Maura (born 15 September 1945) is a Spanish actress. In a career that has spanned six decades, Maura is best known for her collaborations with noted Spanish film directors Pedro Almodóvar and Álex de la Iglesia.
Maura was born in Madrid to Salvador Garcia Santa-Cruz and Carmen Maura Arenzana. Her great-grandfather was the Count of Fuente Nueva de Arenzana, who lived in the Palace of Arenzana in Madrid, currently the embassy of France. Her other great grandfather from her mother´s side was the artist Bartolome Maura Montaner, brother of Antonio Maura, a former prime minister of Spain on five occasions and a noted orator.
Maura studied philosophy and literature at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From 1964 to 1970, she was married to a lawyer, Francisco Forteza, with whom she has two children, Carmen and Pablo.
Maura began her career as a cabaret singer. Maura's film career was launched in 1970 with an appearance in the film The Man in Hiding. This was followed by a major role in the 1977 film Tigres de papel. Although Maura has played dramatic roles, she is often noted for her comedic roles in films like Sal gorda (1984), Sé infiel y no mires con quién (1985) or Tata mía (1986).
Maura appeared in the first film by Pedro Almodóvar, Pepi, Luci, Bom y otras chicas del montón, in 1980. They went on to collaborate on five additional films in the 1980s, the last of which was Women on The Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (1988), for which she was awarded the European Film Award "Felix" for best actress.
Maura and Almodóvar appeared to have had a falling out after Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown. They did not work together for over a decade, but joined forces again in 2006 for Volver. 'Volver' means 'Return' in Spanish, and one of the many returns the title alludes to is Maura's return to Almodovar's movies. The female cast of "Volver" won a collective prize for Best Actress at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival.
Maura also appeared in 800 Bullets where she played the mother of the boy who is the main character of the story. Kevin Severson is her son.
Maura has won more Goya Awards for Best Leading Actress than any other actress in the history of Spanish film.
She has won recently the "Locarno Excellence Award" for all her cinematographic career.
Maura has worked under the orders of major directors like Almodovar, Ford Coppola, Amos Gitai, Yasmina Reza, Alejandro Agresti, Carlos Saura, Étienne Chatiliez and Alex de la Iglesia.
- 1969 - El espíritu (Juan Tamariz).
- 1977 - Tigres de papel (Fernando Colomo)
- Los piadosos y los pícaros (Curro Jiménez: Season 3, Episode 11)
- Los ojos vendados (Carlos Saura)
- De fresa, limón y menta (Miguel Ángel Díez)
- Folle... folle... fólleme Tim! (Pedro Almodóvar)
- Mi blanca Varsovia (Javier Quintana)
- What's a Girl Like You Doing in a Place Like This? (Fernando Colomo)
- Menos mi madre y mi hermana (Jaime Villate)
- 1982 - Femenino singular (Juanjo López)
- 1987 - Law of Desire (Pedro Almodóvar). With Eusebio Poncela and Antonio Banderas.
- 1989 - Bâton Rouge (Rafael Moleón). With Victoria Abril and Antonio Banderas.
Cannes Film Festival
- 2006-Won: Best Actress for Volver together with Penélope Cruz, Lola Dueñas, Blanca Portillo, Yohana Cobo and Chus Lampreave.
Locarno International Film Festival
- 2007-Won: Locarno Excellence Award
- 2007-Won: Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Volver (2006)
- 2001-Won: Best Actress in a Leading Role for La comunidad (2000)
- 2000-Nominated: Best Actress in a Leading Role for Lisboa (1999)
- 1994-Nominated: Best Actress in a Leading Role for Sombras en una batalla (1993)
- 1991-Won: Best Actress in a Leading Role for ¡Ay Carmela! (1990)
- 1989-Won: Best Actress in a Leading Role for Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios (1988).
Fotogramas de Plata
- 2007-Nominated: Best Movie Actress for Volver (2006)
- 2001-Won: Best Movie Actress for La comunidad (2000).
- 1999-Won: Best TV Actress for A las once en casa (1998).
- 1994-Nominated: Best Movie Actress for Sombras en una batalla (1993)
- 1993-Nominated: Best Movie Actress for "La reina anónima" and also Entre el cielo y la tierra (1992)
- 1991-Won: Best Movie Actress for ¡Ay Carmela! (1990)
- 1991-Nominated: Best TV Actress for La mujer de tu vida (1990)
- 1989-Won: Best Movie Actress for Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios (1988)
- 1988-Nominated: Best Movie Actress for La ley del deseo (1987)
- 1987-Nominated: Best Movie Actress for Tata mía (1986) and also Matador (1986)
- 1986-Nominated: Best Movie Actress for Sé infiel y no mires con quién (1985) and Extramuros (1985)
- 1985-Won: Best Movie Actress for ¿Qué he hecho yo para merecer esto? (1984)
- 1982-Won: Best Performance in a Television series for Esta noche (1981)
- 2012-Won: César Award for Best Supporting Actress for Les femmes du 6e ètage
- 1996-Nominated: César Award for Best Supporting Actress for Le bonheur est dans le pré
- France: Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters (1996).
- Spain: Dame Grand Cross of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise (09/10/2015).
- Joe Meyers, Connecticut Post (2007-09-02). Almodovar box set a must for film buffs. Retrieved on 2008-06-14.
- "Festival de Cannes: Volver". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
- The Guardian (August 13, 2006). 'Sex was my way of coping with death' (interview with Pedro Almodóvar). Retrieved on 2008-06-14.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado