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Carmen Esme Steele
12 November 1932
|Occupation||Television actor, film actor, writer|
|Relatives||Daphne Steele (sister)|
Carmen Munroe, OBE (born 12 November 1932) is a British actress who was born in Berbice, British Guiana (now Guyana), and has been a resident of the UK since the early 1950s. Munroe made her West End stage debut in 1962 and has played an instrumental role in the development of black British theatre and representation of black actors on the small screen. She has had high-profile roles on stage and television, perhaps best known from the British TV sitcom Desmond's as Shirley, wife of the eponymous barber played by Norman Beaton. On the 16 December 2016 the BFI honoured Carmen Munroe together with Norman Beaton as part of its Black Star Season
Early life and career
Born Carmen Esme Steele in New Amsterdam, Berbice, British Guiana, where she was educated at Enterprise High School. She came to Britain in 1951, and after studying ophthalmic optics for a year then working as a librarian in Tooting, in 1957 she began studying drama with a group based at the West Indian Students' Centre in Collingham Gardens, south-west London.
She first appeared on the West End stage in 1962 at London's Wyndham's Theatre in Tennessee Williams’s Period of Adjustment, and went on to leading roles in other West End productions, such as Alun Owen’s There’ll Be Some Changes Made (1969), Jean Genet’s The Blacks (1970), and as Orinthia in George Bernard Shaw’s The Apple Cart (1970). She also acted in such notable plays as Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun, Alice Childress's Trouble in Mind and James Baldwin's The Amen Corner. She directed James Saunders' play Alas, Poor Fred for the Umoja Theatre, and also the British premiere of Remembrance, by Derek Walcott at London's Art Theatre in 1987.
Her work for television has encompassed being for a time a presenter of Play School as well as the BBC's lunchtime children's programme How Do You Do, and a wide variety of acting appearances. These include a part in the 1967 Doctor Who story The Enemy of the World; a part in General Hospital, in The Persuaders (1971), Barry Reckord's In the Beautiful Caribbean (BBC 1972), Alfred Fagon's Shakespeare Country (BBC 1973), The Fosters (LWT, 1976–77), Michael Abbensetts' Black Christmas (BBC, 1977), Mixed Blessings (1978–80), Horace Ové's A Hole in Babylon (BBC, 1979), and Caryl Phillips' The Hope and the Glory (BBC, 1984). Munroe became best known, however, for her regular appearances between 1989 and 1994 in the Channel 4 sitcom Desmond's (written by Trix Worrell) as Shirley, wife of the eponymous barber Desmond Ambrose, played by Norman Beaton.
In 2005/06 Munroe acted in a series of three African-American plays at the Tricycle Theatre, Kilburn. The plays were Walk Hard, written by Abram Hill and directed by Nicolas Kent, followed by Gem of the Ocean, written by August Wilson and directed by Paulette Randall, in which Munroe acted in the role of Aunt Esther Tyler, and finally Lynn Nottage's Fabulation, directed by Indhu Rubasingham. In 2007, she acted in Allister Bain's play Catalysta at the Ovalhouse, directed by Robert Icke, receiving rave reviews for her performance as Eartha. In 2013, Munroe appeared in the CBBC children's comedy/drama show The Dumping Ground (sequel to Tracy Beaker Returns) as Gina's mother Hattie.
- Stephen Bourne, "Carmen Munroe: Standing in the Light" (interview with Brenda Emmanus), in Black in the British Frame: The Black Experience in British Film and Television, Continuum, 2001, pp. 132–141.
- Jim Pines (ed.), Black and White in Colour - Black People in British Television Since 1936, London: British Film Institute, 1992.
- Carole Woddis, Sheer Bloody Magic – Conversations With Actresses (London: Virago Press, 1991).
- "Carmen Monroe, Actress & Officer of the Order of the British Empire Awardee", Guyanese Girls Rock, 8 November 2012.
- Stephen Bourne, "Carmen Munroe: Standing in the Light" (biographical introduction), in Black in the British Frame: The Black Experience in British Film and Television, A&C Black, 2005, pp. 132–134.
- Marjorie H. Morgan, "Biography - Carmen Munroe", Caribbean Britain: The Cultural and Biographical Directory, 2013 (via Historical Geographies).
- Seb Whyte, "Munroe, Carmen (1932-)", BFI Screenonline.
- "Talawa Turns 25", The Voice, 9 October 2011.
- "Munroe, Carmen", Museum of Broadcast Communications.
- "Catalysta" at Black Plays Archive, National Theatre.