|Comune di Carmiano|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Lecce (LE)|
|• Mayor||Giancarlo Mazzotta (Civic list 'Insieme')|
|• Total||23 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||33 m (108 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2015)|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Madonna Nostra and San Vito Martire|
|Saint day||17 August|
Carmiano is a town and comune in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-east Italy. Carmiano is in the heart of the province of Lecce and Salento. It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the Ionian Sea (Porto Cesareo) and 16 kilometres (10 mi) west of the Adriatic Sea (San Cataldo).
Coat of arms
Its coat of arms contains a tree with a star in a middle bordered with three brown stripes with a yellow gold rim with a golden crown at the top.
The commune is located in the area called the Valle della Cupa or the Cupa Valley and is situated northwest of the Salentino cape. The terrain is mainly flat and features olive crops as well as fruits and vegetables along with cattle and others.
The population has been growing since 1861, slightly declining between 1991 and 2001 and between 2006 and 2012. In the mid-2000s, it surpassed its neighboring population of Leverano where it is at the present level.
The origin of the communal name probably comes from the colour "carminium" (red). Another possibility is that it came from a name of the Roman Centurion "Carminius" who was assigned to the Roman Senate; the land at the time was in the area of Salento.
Carmiano (as "Carmeiano") is a former Roman Catholic bishopric and current titular see. The diocese was nominally restored as a titular bishopric in June 2004. So far, it has had only one incumbent of the lowest (episcopal) rank:
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