Carmiano

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Carmiano
Comune
Comune di Carmiano
Carmiano is located in Italy
Carmiano
Carmiano
Location of Carmiano in Italy
Coordinates: 40°20′45″N 18°2′45″E / 40.34583°N 18.04583°E / 40.34583; 18.04583Coordinates: 40°20′45″N 18°2′45″E / 40.34583°N 18.04583°E / 40.34583; 18.04583
Country Italy
Region  Apulia
Province / Metropolitan city Lecce (LE)
Frazioni Magliano
Government
 • Mayor Giancarlo Mazzotta (Civic list 'Insieme')
Area
 • Total 23 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation 33 m (108 ft)
Population (1 January 2015)[1]
 • Total 12,208
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Carmianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 73041
Dialing code 0832
Patron saint Madonna Nostra and San Vito Martire
Saint day 17 August
Website Official website

Carmiano is a town and comune in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-east Italy. Carmiano is in the heart of the province of Lecce and Salento. It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the Ionian Sea (Porto Cesareo) and 16 kilometres (10 mi) west of the Adriatic Sea (San Cataldo).

Fractions[edit]

Bounding communes[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

Its coat of arms contains a tree with a star in a middle bordered with three brown stripes with a yellow gold rim with a golden crown at the top.

Geography[edit]

The commune is located in the area called the Valle della Cupa or the Cupa Valley and is situated northwest of the Salentino cape. The terrain is mainly flat and features olive crops as well as fruits and vegetables along with cattle and others.

Population History[edit]

Year Population
1861 1,987
1871 2,164
1881 2,542
1901 3,364
1911 4,241
1921 5,179
1931 6,514
1936 7,204
1951 8,691
1961 9,252
1971 10.033
1981 11,548
1991 12,176
2001 12,160
2006 14,700
2012 11,988
2015 12,208

The population has been growing since 1861, slightly declining between 1991 and 2001 and between 2006 and 2012. In the mid-2000s, it surpassed its neighboring population of Leverano where it is at the present level.

History[edit]

The origin of the communal name probably comes from the colour "carminium" (red). Another possibility is that it came from a name of the Roman Centurion "Carminius" who was assigned to the Roman Senate; the land at the time was in the area of Salento.

Titular bishopric[edit]

Carmiano (as "Carmeiano") is a former Roman Catholic bishopric and current titular see. The diocese was nominally restored as a titular bishopric in June 2004.[2] So far, it has had only one incumbent of the lowest (episcopal) rank:

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://demo.istat.it/pop2015/index.html
  2. ^ "Titular Episcopal See of Carmeiano, Italy". GCatholic.org. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.