Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway
|Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway|
|Opened||1 July 1869|
|Closed||20 October 1964|
|Operator(s)||London and North Western Railway 1869-1923
London Midland and Scottish Railway 1923-1948
British Railways 1948-1964
|Line length||8 mi (13 km)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway, built under the Caernarvon and Llanberis Railway Act 1864, was an eight-mile branch line from the Carnarvonshire Railway running from Caernarfon to Llanberis, Gwynedd via Pont Rhythallt (for Llanrug), Cwm y Glo, and Padarn Halt, and terminating at Llanberis.
Construction started on 15 September 1864 when the first sod was cut by the Hon. Emily Wynne of Glynllifon, daughter of Spencer Bulkeley Wynn, 3rd Baron Newborough. The event was marked with a procession of 700 children with the Llanrug Brass Band, and the Revd. W. Lloyd William, vicar of St Padarn's Church, Llanberis. The plan was for the railway to be operated by the London and North Western Railway.
The line from Llanberis to Caernarfon was built from Llanberis towards Caernarfon. For a while the railway terminated at Caernarvon (Morfa) railway station. When the "Caernarfon Town Line" was built through a tunnel under the centre to join the various routes. Morfa station was closed on 5 July 1870, though it appears that formal paperwork was not concluded until the following January.
The railway was initially built as a local link between villages, serving the local population. However tourist traffic increased hugely after the Snowdon Mountain Railway opened in 1897.[page needed]
On 25 August 1872 the market train from Llanberis was approaching Carnarvon when it was run into by a ballast engine. A second class carriage received the full shock of the ballast engine and was knocked to pieces. Fortunately the two passengers aboard were uninjured.
Closure and traces of the railway
Some evidence of the railbed still exists. The site of the track in Llanberis now carries the A4086 road where it by-passes the village along the lakeshore, and the former station is occupied by a craft centre. An area known locally as the Sidings on the shores of Llyn Padarn also shows some evidence of its past. The next section of railbed runs alongside the lake and is now the Lon Las Peris ("Peris Green Lane") cycle path., There is also evidence of the former railway on bridges and a tunnel near Cwm y Glo, near Llwyncoed Farm - mentioned in the song Tylluanod ("Owls") by the local band Hogia'r Wyddfa ("Snowdon Lads") in 1969. The railbed then follows the line of the A4086 through Cwm y Glo past Y Fricsan Inn, the site of Cwm-y-Glo railway station. It then follows the River Seiont downstream for the rest of its route to Caernarfon.
- "Carnarvon & Llanberis Railway". North Wales Chronicle. Wales. 2 April 1864. Retrieved 22 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
- "Cutting of the First Sod of the Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway". North Wales Chronicle. Wales. 17 September 1864. Retrieved 22 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway". Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, Glamorgan, Monmouth and Brecon Gazette. Wales. 29 September 1865. Retrieved 22 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "The Terrible Accident near Carnarvon". Bolton Evening News. England. 2 July 1869. Retrieved 22 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Town line history, via Disused Stations
- Quick 2009, p. 110.
- "Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway". Aberystwyth Times. Wales. 21 May 1870. Retrieved 22 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Baughan, Peter E. (1988). The North Wales Coast Railway. ISBN 0-9510302-9-9.
- "Alarming railway accident near Carnarvon". South Wales Daily News. Wales. 27 August 1872. Retrieved 22 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Johnson 1995, p. 71.
- Shannon & Hillmer 1999, p. 18.
- Kneale 1980, Plate 129.
- 20 October 1963 railtour record, via Six Bells Junction
- Rear 2012, p. 71.
- Rear 1979, pp. 87 & 89.
- Johnson, Peter (1995). North Wales (Celebration of Steam). Shepperton: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-2378-6.
- Kneale, E.N. (1980). North Wales Steam, 1927-68. Poole, Dorset: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 0 86093 074 2.
- Quick, Michael (2009) . Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-901461-57-5. OCLC 612226077.
- Rear, W.G. (1979). London Midland steam in North Wales. Truro: D Bradford Barton Ltd. ISBN 0 85153 225 X.
- Rear, W.G. (2012). Caernarvon & the Lines from Afonwen & Llanberis: 28: Scenes from the Past Railways of North Wales. Nottingham: Book Law Publications. ISBN 9 781907 094781.
- Shannon, Paul; Hillmer, John (1999). North Wales (British Railways Past & Present) Part 2. Kettering: Past & Present Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85895-163-1. No 36.