Carne de vinha d'alhos

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Carne de vinha d'alhos (English: Meat in garlic marinade) is a Portuguese dish categorized according to mode of preparation as an adobo. The name means "meat marinated with garlic and wine."[1][2] [3] Originating in Madeira and the Azores islands, it is typically made with cloves, thyme, paprika, red pepper paste and wine or vinegar as well as garlic.[1] It is traditionally served at Christmas time in Madeira.[4]

Vinha d'alhos was taken by people from the Portuguese islands of Madeira and the Azores to the Americas where it is known as "pickled pork" or "vinyoo dalyge". It is also known as "garlic pork" in Trinidad and Tobago (and "calvinadage" there) and Guyana where it was introduced in the early 19th century.

The curry dish vindaloo is an Indian interpretation of carne de vinha d'alhos, which was introduced in the early 16th century to the former Portuguese colony of Goa in Portuguese India.[1][2][3] In Goa, the dish is called vindalho, closer to its Portuguese counterpart, and is likewise usually made with pork. Over time it was adapted to local tastes, with different meat choices, the addition of Indian spices and the substitution of malt vinegar or coconut palm vinegar for wine as well as the copious use of chili peppers, which were themselves introduced by Portuguese traders in the 16th century.[1][3] Spices favored by Goan cooks include tamarind, cinnamon, black pepper, and cardamom as well as a variety of sugar similar to panela known as jaggery.[1] The traditional Goa version lacks potatoes, but because Portuguese "alhos" was misheard as "aloo", the Hindi word for potato, many Indian versions of vindaloo include them.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Manon, Smitha (June 23, 2020). "How did the Goan vindaloo get to you?". Condé Nast Traveler. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Dias, Raul (July 3, 2020). "Cloudy with a chance of cafreal". The Hindu. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Lan, Eli (September 1, 2020). "Lamb Vindaloo – [Origin, Curiosities and Authentic Recipe]". thefoodwonder.com. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  4. ^ VisitMadeira.pt. "Marinated Pork with wine and garlic". VisitMadeira.pt. Retrieved 21 April 2014.