Carnegie Investment Bank
|Privately held company|
|Founder||David Carnegie, Sr.|
|Arne Liljedahl, Chairman
Frans Lindelöw, CEO
Number of employees
|900 (3Q 2010)|
Founded in 1803, Carnegie is headquartered in Stockholm with offices across the Nordic region, as well as in London, New York City, Luxembourg and Geneva. The company has market leading positions in equities research and brokerage, corporate finance advisory and private wealth management. Carnegie’s customers include institutional investors, corporates, financial institutions, private equity firms, governments and high-net-worth individuals. In 2008 Carnegie had revenues of SEK 2.7 billion and as of 31 December 2008 assets of SEK 14.8 billion. Assets under management amounts to SEK 110 billion and the number of employees is approximately 900 as of 3 September 2010.
In the wake of the economic crisis of 2008 Carnegie Investment Bank AB was nationalized on November 10, 2008. In May 2009, the bank was acquired in a joint venture by the private equity company Altor Equity Partners and the investment company Bure Equity. The ambition is to re-establish Carnegie as the leading independent investment bank in the Nordic region.
Carnegie was established as a trading company in 1803 when David Carnegie, Sr., a Scotsman, founded D. Carnegie & Co AB in Gothenburg. The management of the company was later succeeded by Carnegie's nephew, David Carnegie Jr., who later returned to Scotland, leaving the company, which by then had considerable interests in brewing and sugar production, in the hands of Oscar Ekman. When David Carnegie, Sr. died in 1890, Ekman inherited a substantial amount of shares and obtained majority ownership of the company. In 1907 the company was once again taken over, this time by Ekman's son-in-law Karl Langenskiöld, whereupon the formerly brewing and sugar businesses were divested. In the wake of the Kreuger crash, Langenskiöld founded a brokerage business in his name, Bankirfirman Langenskiöld, which is the foundation that the Carnegie of today rests upon.
In 1980 the company retrieved its name Carnegie. By this time financier Erik Penser held the controlling interest of the company. In 1988 Carnegie was taken over by what later became Nordea and remained in their hands until 1994, when a newly formed company, Carnegie Holding, bought the bank. The new holding company was to 55% owned by British merchant bank Singer & Friedlander and to 45% owned by Carnegie's employees. In 2001, Carnegie Holding company was merged with D. Carnegie & Co, making the latter the parent company in the Carnegie Group. The company was listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, but was delisted in connection with the nationalization. Since 2004, business is operated through Carnegie Investment Bank.
The company is divided into three divisions; Securities (equity research, sales and trading), Investment Banking (corporate finance advisory and capital markets activities), Asset Management and Private Banking.
In the wake of the economic crisis of 2008, Carnegie Investment Bank AB was, to avoid bankruptcy, taken over by the Swedish National Debt Office on November 10, 2008. The bank had crossed the restrictions from the Swedish supervisory authority, Finansinspektionen, when lending too high of a sum to one client, property magnate Maths O. Sundqvist. The largest shareholders at the time were Böös & Enblad AB (9,2%), Moderna Finance AB (6,4%) and Harris Associates fonder (5,3%). In May 2009, the private equity company Altor Equity Partners and the investment company Bure Equity acquired the company.
- Altor 2008-11-02: Altor and Bure Acquire Carnegie from the National Debt Office. Archived March 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (retrieved 2008-11-02)
- "Carnegie", eight-page informational brochure, published by D. Carnegie & Co, unknown year
- Dagens Industri 2008-11-10: Staten tar full kontroll över Carnegie. Archived November 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. (retrieved 2008-11-10)
- Dagens Industri 2008-11-11: Carnegieägarna som hann ut i tid.[permanent dead link] (retrieved 2008-11-11)
- Göteborgs-Posten 2008-11-14: Carnegie förstatligas Archived February 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Dagens Industri 2010-09-03: Klart: Carnegie köper HQ Bank. Archived November 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (retrieved 2010-09-04)