Carney complex and its subsets LAMB syndrome and NAME syndrome are autosomal dominant conditions comprising myxomas of the heart and skin, hyperpigmentation of the skin (lentiginosis), and endocrine overactivity. It is distinct from Carney's triad. Approximately 7% of all cardiac myxomas are associated with Carney complex.
The spotty skin pigmentation and lentigines occur most commonly on the face, especially on the lips, eyelids, conjunctiva and oral mucosa. Cardiac myxomas may lead to embolic strokes and heart failure and may present with fever, joint pain, shortness of breath, diastolic rumble and tumor plop. Myxomas may also occur outside the heart, usually in the skin and breast. Endocrine tumors may manifest as disorders such as Cushing syndrome. The most common endocrine gland manifestation is an ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome due to primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD).
Carney complex is most commonly caused by mutations in the PRKAR1A gene on chromosome 17 (17q23-q24) which may function as a tumor-suppressor gene. The encoded protein is a type 1A regulatory subunit of protein kinase A. Inactivating germline mutations of this gene are found in 70% of people with Carney complex.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2018)
In 1914 an American neurosurgeon, Harvey Cushing, reported on a patient with a pituitary tumour on whom he had operated. The post mortem findings as reported were consistent with Carney complex, though at the time this condition had yet to be described. In 2017 archived tissue from the operation in Cushing's report was subjected to DNA sequencing, revealing a Arg74His (arginine to histidine: guanine (G)-> adenosine (A) transition in the second codon position of the 74th codon in the protein) mutation in the PRKAR1A gene, confirming a diagnosis of Carney complex. Therefore, Cushing's paper appears to be the first report of this complex.
- Carney Syndrome at eMedicine
- Carney, J.; Gordon, H.; Carpenter, P.; Shenoy, B.; Go, V. (1985). "The complex of myxomas, spotty pigmentation, and endocrine overactivity". Medicine. 64 (4): 270–283. doi:10.1097/00005792-198507000-00007. PMID 4010501.
- McCarthy, P.; Piehler, J.; Schaff, H.; Pluth, J.; Orszulak, T.; Vidaillet Jr, H.; Carney, J. (1986). "The significance of multiple, recurrent, and "complex" cardiac myxomas". The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 91 (3): 389–396. PMID 3951243.
- Reynen, K. (1995). "Cardiac Myxomas". New England Journal of Medicine. 333 (24): 1610–1617. doi:10.1056/NEJM199512143332407. PMID 7477198.
- Campbell Walsh urology, 10th edition, page 1693
- Gaujoux S, Tissier F, Ragazzon B, Rebours V, Saloustros E, Perlemoine K, Vincent-Dejean C, Meurette G, Cassagnau E, Dousset B, Bertagna X, Horvath A, Terris B, Carney JA, Stratakis CA, Bertherat J (2011). "Pancreatic ductal and acinar cell neoplasms in Carney complex: a possible new association". J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 96 (11): E1888–95. doi:10.1210/jc.2011-1433. PMC 3205895. PMID 21900385.
- Bano G, Hodgson S (2016). "Diagnosis and Management of Hereditary Thyroid Cancer". Recent Results Cancer Res. 205: 29–44. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29998-3_3. PMID 27075347.
- Gaissmaier C (December 1999). "Carney complex" (letter and response). Circulation. 100 (25): e150. doi:10.1161/01.cir.100.25.e150. PMID 10604916.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) Carney Complex, type 1; CNC1 -160980
- Stratakis, C. A.; Kirschner, L. S.; Carney, J. A. (2001). "Clinical and Molecular Features of the Carney Complex: Diagnostic Criteria and Recommendations for Patient Evaluation". Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 86 (9): 4041–4046. doi:10.1210/jc.86.9.4041.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) Carney Complex, type 2; CNC2 -605244
- Tsay CJ, Stratakis CA, Faucz FR, London E, Stathopoulou C, Allgauer M, Quezado M, Dagradi T, Spencer DD, Lodish M (2017) Harvey Cushing treated the first known patient with Carney complex. J Endocr Soc 1(10):1312-1321. doi: 10.1210/js.2017-00283