Carnival Cruise Line

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Carnival Cruise Line
Wholly Owned Subsidiary
IndustryHospitality, Travel, and Tourism
PredecessorSpirit-class cruise ship Edit this on Wikidata
SuccessorSpirit-class cruise ship Edit this on Wikidata
FoundedMarch 11, 1972; 47 years ago (1972-03-11)
FounderTed Arison
HeadquartersDoral, Florida, U.S.
Area served
Key people
Christine Duffy, President

Terry Thornton, Vice President

Gus Antorcha, Chief Operating Officer

Ken Tate, Chief Commercial Officer

James Heaney, Chief Financial Officer

John Heald, Senior Cruise Director
RevenueIncrease US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)
Increase $1.9 Billion (FY 2011)
Total assetsIncrease $35 Billion (FY 2011)
Total equityIncrease $13.4 Billion (FY 2011)
Number of employees
3,900 - Shoreside[1]
33,500 - Shipboard[1]
ParentCarnival Corporation & PLC
Footnotes / references
Largest cruise line in the world, based on passengers carried annually, annual revenue, and total number of ships in fleet[1]
House flag of Carnival Cruise Line

Carnival Cruise Line is an international cruise line with headquarters in Doral, Florida. Its logo is the funnel like the funnels found on their ships, with red, white and blue colors. The funnels are shaped like a whale's tail. Currently, Carnival is the largest cruise line in the world, based on passengers carried annually, and total number of ships in fleet.

Company Structure[edit]

Carnival is one of ten cruise line brands owned by the world's largest cruise ship operator, the American-British Carnival Corporation & plc. In 2018 Carnival Cruise Line was estimated to hold an 8.9% share of cruise industry revenue and 22.0% of passengers.[2] It has 26 vessels and is the largest fleet in the Carnival group.[3] The ships fly flags of convenience: 18 of the ships fly the Panama flag, six that of the Bahamas and two that of Malta. Its headquarters are in Miami, Florida, United States. The North American division of Carnival Corporation has executive control over the corporation and is headquartered in Doral, Florida.[4][5]

History of Carnival[edit]

Early History[edit]

Carnival Cruise Line was founded in 1972 by Ted Arison. To finance the venture, Arison turned to his friend Meshulam Riklis, who owned Boston-based American International Travel Service (AITS). Arison and Riklis set up the new company as a subsidiary of AITS. AITS was to market and promote the new venture. In 1974, due to regulatory issues, Riklis sold AITS's interest in the company to Arison for $1, but subject to Arison taking over the substantial company debts.[6] The split enabled Arison to enter into new relationships with independent travel agents. He also promoted his cruises to fun-loving younger people. The format was very successful financially.[6] Until 1975, the line consisted of only one ship, the Mardi Gras. In 1975 another ship was acquired, the Carnivale.[6]

Historical Developments[edit]

In 1996, Carnival Destiny of 101,000 GT became the largest passenger ship in the world at the time and first to exceed 100,000 tons.

In 2001, Robert H. Dickinson, then President and CTC, participated in a BBC documentary, Back To The Floor. Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the MS Imagination in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.[7] In October 2002, Carnival acquired P&O Princess Cruises for 3.5 billion euro.[8][9]

In 2004, Carnival Corporation initiated a development program for Carnival's new ships, the Pinnacle Project, calling for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship at the time. The ship was cancelled, but they then developed a project called Next Generation.[10]

In 2009, Carnival released their biggest ship at the time, the Carnival Dream, a new 128,000 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean, she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival had placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel.[11] It entered service in June 2012 and its homeport is now Galveston.[12] On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012 - Carnival Breeze.[13]

On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new 133,500 GT ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship, built by Fincantieri, was the largest ship they have ever built. It sailed its maiden voyage on May 1, 2016.[14] The new ship was named Carnival Vista.[15]

In January 2017, Michael Thamm was appointed CEO of Carnival Asia to oversee operations in China and the surrounding region.[16]

A sister to Carnival Vista, Carnival Horizon, joined the fleet with their inaugural voyages from Trieste, Italy and Barcelona, Spain on May 1, 2016 and April 2, 2018, respectively. Queen Latifah is the Godmother of Horizon for its christening in New York on May 23, 2018.[17]

Carnival Panorama is set to join the fleet in December 2019. It will be the first new Carnival ship to home port on the west coast since Carnival Paradise in 1998.

In February 2018, the company's officials unveiled a major port development project in Ensenada, Mexico.[18]

Reports in late June 2019 stated that Carnival was building their first terminal in Japan, in the port city of Sasebo, to be named Uragashira Cruise Terminal. Local officials were hoping that the terminal would be open by late July 2020.[19]


Carnival has had a number of Presidents in its nearly 50 year history.

Person Tenure Classes of Ships Introduced Notes
Ted Arison 1972 - 1981 Mardi Gras, Festivale, Carnivale Founder of Carnival Cruise Lines
Micky Arison 1981 - 1993 Tropicale, Fantasy Expanded Carnival Cruise Lines. Became Chairman of the parent company - Carnival Corporation in 1993. Led the 1987 IPO and oversaw a number of critical acquisitions.
Robert H. Dickinson 1993 - 2007 Fantasy, Destiny, Spirit, Conquest Expanded Carnival Cruise Lines further through strengthening relationships with travel partners.
Gerald R. Cahill 2007 - 2014 Splendor, Sunshine, Dream Successfully led the cruise line through severe global recession and several high profile events.
Christine D. Duffy 2014 - Present Vista, Sunrise, Excellence Leading an effort to emphasize the brand as "America's Cruise Line"

Economic impact[edit]

In 2016, Carnival extended their contract with Port Everglades cruise port to 2030.[20] The port began a $54 million renovation in anticipation of the deal. The agreement brings in an estimated 4,780 local jobs and over $200 million in personal income.[21]

In 2018, Carnival brought the Carnival Fantasy to Mobile, Alabama.[22] Economists anticipate an increase in tourism to Mobile and revenue at an estimated $35 million.[23]


In 2012 the company was reportedly paying cruise ship staff basic salaries equivalent to £0.75 per hour.[24] For example, a junior waiter would earn a basic salary of £250 a month for shifts lasting at least 11 hours, seven days a week.[24] In response to this controversy, the general secretary of the Trades Union Congress, Brendan Barber, commented: "It's high time the disgraceful practice of allowing the shipping industry to pay poverty wages to workers who don't live in the UK was stopped. Exploitative rates of pay for those working on British ships have no place in a modern society."[24] In October 2013, Carnival revoked retirement benefits for cruise staff.[25]

Carnival Ecstasy docked in New Orleans

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing until the houses can be rebuilt. After being chartered for six months, their planned voyages were cancelled, and passengers were refunded. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized, because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.[26]

Carnival Cruise Line headquarters in Doral, Florida

Since 2017, Carnival Corporation has been on probation, after having been found to "illegally dumping oil into the ocean from its Princess Cruises ships and lying about the scheme." Carnival Corporation also had to pay a $40 million fine.[27] The Court summary states that "Princess was convicted and sentenced in April 2017, after pleading guilty to felony charges stemming from its deliberate dumping of oil-contaminated waste from one of its vessels and intentional acts to cover it up".[28]

In April 2019, Carnival Corporation was accused of violating probation rules. The allegations include 800 incidents from April 2017 to April 2018. A federal judge has threatened to impose severe fines which may increase tenfold. The judge also stated that Carnival ships may be temporarily banned from docking in US ports.[29] In early June 2019, Carnival Corp. agreed to pay $20 million in fines in an agreement with federal prosecutors. The proposed settlement documents were signed by Chairman Micky Arison on June 3, 2019.[30] The next day, a Senior US District Judge approved the deal, and confirmed that probation would continue for three years, after CEO Arnold Donald said, "The company pleads guilty. We acknowledge the shortcomings. I am here today to formulate a plan to fix them". The company promised to implement additional audits to check for violations, to provide improved training to staff, to start improved waste management practices and to set up a more effective method for reporting pollution incidents to government agencies.[31]

In June 2019, Carnival Corporation and its Princess subsidiary agreed to pay a criminal penalty of $20 million for further environmental violations that include dumping plastic waste into the ocean. Princess Cruises had already paid $40 million over prior deliberate acts of ocean pollution.[32]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.

On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. The Carnival Tropicale spent two days without propulsion.[33]

On November 8, 2010, a fire broke out in the generator room of Carnival Splendor and the ship lost power. The ship was adrift off the west coast of Mexico until it was towed to San Diego.[34]

On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico.[35] The engine fire led to a power outage on the ship, which in turn caused raw sewage to back up. The media dubbed the ordeal "The Poop Cruise".[36] The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14.[37][38] In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered that revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing stated that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."[39]

On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, Sint Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.[40]

On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).[41][42][43]

On December 27, 2015, an electrician who had been working on the Carnival Ecstasy was crushed to death while working in an elevator.[44] The accident had heavy publicity after a video was posted online.[45]

In February 2018, a series of brawls broke out on the Carnival Legend. Staff were criticized for not containing the brawls and for exercising heavy force against passengers.[46]

On May 3, 2018 a pipe burst in the Carnival Dream’s fire suppression system, flooding 50 staterooms.[47]

In November 2018 the Carnival Sunshine experienced a technical issue which caused the ship to list for approximately one minute.[48]

On December 29, 2018 lifeboat number 28 broke loose from the Carnival Dream for unknown reasons and was excessively damaged. Carnival decided to abandon the lifeboat at sea and plans to purchase a new replacement. No one was onboard the lifeboat at the time and no injuries were reported.[49]

On October 9, 2019, a 23 year old passenger fell "off a railing where he was sitting", according to USA Today, onto a lower deck while the Carnival Valor was sailing near Louisiana. He was flown to a New Orleans hospital by helicopter and said to be in critical condition.[50][51]


Current fleet[edit]

Ship Class Sailing for
Gross Tonnage Guest Capacity Home Port Flag Notes Image
Carnival Panorama Vista 2019[52][53] 133,500 GT 3,960 Long Beach, California[54]  Panama Sister to the Carnival Vista and Carnival Horizon. Originally planned to sail for P&O Cruises Australia.[55]

Carnival Panorama will sail from Long Beach CA doing 7 day Mexican riviera cruises year round.

Carnival Horizon Vista 2018–present 133,500 GT 3,960 Miami, Florida  Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Line.[56] Carnival Horizon of the coast of Grand Turk.jpg
Carnival Vista Vista 2016–present 133,500 GT 3,934 Galveston, Texas  Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Horizon Carnival Vista docked in Valletta hnapel 01.jpg
Carnival Breeze Dream 2012–present 128,000 GT[57] 3,690 Port Canaveral, Florida
until September 26, 2020

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
until May 2021

Galveston, Texas
from May 5, 2021[58]

 Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Vista Carnival Breeze (ship, 2011) 001 (cropped).jpg
Carnival Magic Dream 2011–present 128,000 GT[59] 3,690 Fort Lauderdale, Florida
until May 3rd, 2020

Miami, Florida
from May 3rd, 2020

 Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze Carnival Magic in Venedig.JPG
Carnival Dream Dream 2009–present 128,000 GT[60] 3,646 Galveston, Texas  Panama Had a flood on deck 9 after a burst pipe and ruined 50 staterooms in May 2018

Carnival Dream Bow.png

Carnival Splendor Splendor 2008-present 113,300 GT[60] 3,012 Singapore

Sydney, Australia
from November 25, 2019

Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor, but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships. Carnival Splendor 2009.jpg
Carnival Freedom Conquest 2007–present 110,000 GT 2,980 Galveston, Texas
until April 10, 2021

Seattle, Washington
from April 27, 2021
until September 22, 2021

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
from October 9, 2021

 Panama George Town - Carnival Freedom (5756470231).jpg
Carnival Liberty Conquest 2005–present 110,000 GT 2,980

Port Canaveral, Florida

 Panama Carnival Liberty George Town, Grand Cayman (4401394568).jpg
Carnival Valor Conquest 2004–present 110,000 GT 2,980

New Orleans, Louisiana

 Panama Carnival Valor Cruise Ship (3) (21009123989).jpg
Carnival Glory Conquest 2003–present 110,000 GT 2,980 New Orleans, Louisiana  Panama Carnival Glory in Belize, 12-2014 (recropped).JPG
Carnival Conquest Conquest 2002–present 110,000 GT 2,980 Miami, Florida  Panama Carnival Conquest 3.jpg
Carnival Miracle Spirit 2004–present 88,500 GT 2,124 Long Beach, California
until November 23, 2019

San Diego, California
from December 1, 2019

Miami, Florida
from February 14, 2020

San Francisco, California
from March 19, 2020

San Diego, California
from October 4, 2020

 Panama Built to Panamax form factor Carnival miracle 2.jpg
Carnival Legend Spirit 2002–present 88,500 GT 2,124 Barcelona, Spain
from July 19, 2020

London, England
from June 19, 2020

New York
from May 16, 2020

Tampa, Florida
from October 27, 2019

Venice, Italy
from July 28, 2020[61]

 Malta Built to Panamax form factor CarnivalLegendCoz.JPG
Carnival Pride Spirit 2002–present 88,500 GT 2,124 Baltimore, Maryland[62]  Panama Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival US-port-canav-carnival-pride (recropped).jpg
Carnival Spirit Spirit 2001–present 88,500 GT 2,124 Sydney, Australia
until January 12, 2020

Melbourne, Australia
from January 14, 2020

Seattle, Washington
from April 27, 2020
until September 17, 2020

Vancouver, British Columbia

Honolulu, Hawaii
from April 10, 2020

Brisbane, Australia
from October 25, 2020

 Malta Built to Panamax form factor Carnivalspiritketchikan.jpg
Carnival Victory Destiny/Sunshine 2000–present 101,509 GT 2,754 Miami, Florida; Barcelona, Spain; New York; Norfolk, Virginia; Port Canaveral, Florida; Galveston, Texas[58]  Panama Modified Destiny-class. To be refurbished and renamed Carnival Radiance in 2020 Carnival Victory2.jpg
Carnival Sunrise Destiny/Sunshine 2019-present as Carnival Sunrise

1999–2019 as Carnival Triumph

101,509 GT 2,984 Norfolk, Virginia New York City, New York Fort Lauderdale, Florida  Bahamas Originally sailed as Carnival Triumph from 1999 to 2019.
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service.[citation needed]
Carnival Triumph Half Moon Cay.jpg
Carnival Sunshine Destiny/Sunshine 2013–present as Carnival Sunshine 1996-2013 as Carnival Destiny 102,853 GT 3,002 Charleston, South Carolina


 Bahamas Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
Carnival Sunshine 02.JPG
Carnival Paradise Fantasy 1998–present 71,909 GT 2,124 Tampa, Florida  Panama Originally, Paradise Carnival Paradise docked in Havana, Cuba (cropped).jpg
Carnival Elation Fantasy 1998–present 71,909 GT 2,130 Port Canaveral, Florida  Panama Originally, Elation Carnival Elation In Jacksonville 2.jpg
Carnival Inspiration Fantasy 1996–present 70,367 GT 2,056 Long Beach, California  Bahamas Originally, Inspiration Carnival Inspiration 01 (recropped).jpg
Carnival Imagination Fantasy 1995–present 70,367 GT 2,056 Long Beach, California  Bahamas Originally, Imagination Post0103 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library (cropped) (2).jpg
Carnival Fascination Fantasy 1994–present 70,367 GT 2,056 San Juan, Puerto Rico; Barbados  Bahamas Originally, Fascination Carnival Fascination.JPG
Carnival Sensation Fantasy 1993–present 70,367 GT 2,056 Miami, Florida  Bahamas Originally, Sensation Carnival Sensation Nassau 12-23-11.jpg
Carnival Ecstasy Fantasy 1991–present 70,367 GT 2,056 Jacksonville, Florida  Panama Originally, Ecstasy Carnival Ecstasy docked in Port Canaveral, Florida.jpg
Carnival Fantasy Fantasy 1990–present 70,367 GT 2,056 Mobile, Alabama  Panama Originally, Fantasy 'Carnival Fantasy' Docked at Charleston (SC) July 2012.jpg


  • Two more Destiny-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Fortuna and Costa Magica.
  • Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory are Modified-Destiny-class cruise ship that were built with two more decks than the rest of the Destiny-class ships.
  • Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Atlantica and Costa Mediterranea.
  • One more Dream-class ship sails for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Diadema.
  • Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed. Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic and Carnival Breeze, as well as Carnival Vista, were built with the Seaside Theater.
  • Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed and built for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises had five sister ships to Carnival Splendor: Costa Concordia, Costa Serena, Costa Pacifica, Costa Favolosa and Costa Fascinosa,[citation needed] until the Costa Concordia was grounded and wrecked in January 2012. The inaugural voyage for Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England.

Planned future ships[edit]

Ship Build
Will sail for
Gross Tonnage Home Port Flag Notes
Mardi Gras 2020 2020 185,000 GT Port Canaveral, FL, Copenhagen, Denmark, London, England, New York  Panama Will be the first LNG powered and the largest ship ever built for Carnival Cruise Line.[64] The ship's name was announced on the December 5, 2018 episode of Wheel of Fortune. Will feature the first roller coaster at sea
TBA 2022 2022 185,000 GT Miami, FL[65]  Panama Will be built by Meyer Turku, Finland[66]
(Option) TBD TBD 185,000 GT TBD[67]  Panama Will be built by Meyer Turku, Finland[68]

Former fleet[edit]

Ship Class Year
Sailed for
Gross Tonnage Flag Notes Image
Mardi Gras Empress 1961 1972–1993 27,284 GT
registered as 18,261 GT
 Panama Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003. MV Mardi Gras - Montreal, 1979.jpg
Carnivale Empress 1956 1975–1993 31,500 GT  Panama Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008. "Carnivale" - Miami, 1984.jpg
Festivale Festivale 1962 1977–1996 32,697 GT  Panama Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003. SS Festivale in Barbados - 1987-02-26.jpg
Tropicale Tropicale 1982 1982–2001 36,674 GT  Liberia Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008. Ocean Dream in Grand Harbour, Valletta, Malta in Pullmantur livery.jpg
Holiday Holiday 1985 1985–2009 46,051 GT Madeira,  Portugal In 2009, Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan. Carnival Holiday docked in Cozumel 03-2004.jpg
Jubilee Holiday 1986 1986–2004 47,262 GT  Liberia In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia and the Henna in 2013. Sold for scrap in 2017. CarnivalJubilee.jpg
Celebration Holiday 1987 1987–2008 47,262 GT Madeira,  Portugal In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line. Carnival Celebration, Nassau (cropped).jpg

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ "2018 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2018-01-05.
  3. ^ "The fleet and home ports of Carnival Cruise Line, by the numbers". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  4. ^ "Corporate Address." Carnival Cruise Line. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
  5. ^ "Map of the City of Doral Archived 2011-08-09 at the Wayback Machine." City of Doral. Retrieved on January 9, 2010
  6. ^ a b c The Cruise Ship Phenomenon in North America (2001), by Brian J. Cudahy, ISBN 9780870335297, page 44ff.
  7. ^ "BBC - Adam Curtis - We're all in the same boat — aren't we?". 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Carnival to go global with Princess merger: Travel Weekly". Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  9. ^ Clark, Andrew; correspondent, transport (2002-10-25). "Carnival wins P&O Princess". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  10. ^ Fincantieri signs a five ship, 2.6 billion dollar agreement with Carnival Group. Press Release. Fincantiei. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2010
  11. ^ "Wärtsilä to power new cruise vessel of Carnival Corporation".
  12. ^ "New 128,000-ton Cruise Ship Ordered for Carnival Corporation & plc's Carnival Cruise Line Unit". Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  13. ^ "Carnival Cruise Lines' new 128,000-ton ship to be named Carnival Breeze". Cruise Industry News. May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  14. ^ "Carnival Cruise Lines and Holland America Line Order New Ships - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  15. ^ Sloan, Gene (July 20, 2013). "Next Carnival ship to be called Carnival Vista". USA Today. Retrieved Aug 4, 2013.
  16. ^ Staff, C. I. N. (2017-01-20). "Thamm Expands Role to Oversee Carnival Asia as CEO". Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  17. ^ Queen Latifah to christen giant new Carnival ship Gene Sloan, USA TODAY; March 1, 2018
  18. ^ Staff, CIN (2018-02-10). "Carnival to Develop New Port in Ensenada". Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  19. ^ "Construction Underway on New Carnival Terminal in Japan". 2019-06-29. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  20. ^ "Carnival Corporation and Port Everglades Extend Landmark Agreement to 2030". 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  21. ^ Satchell, Arlene. "New agreement expands Carnival's presence at Port Everglades". Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  22. ^ "Carnival to offer longer cruises, new destinations from Mobile". Retrieved 2018-06-01.
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  26. ^ $236 Million Cruise Ship Deal Criticized — The Washington Post, September 28, 2005
  27. ^ Judge threatens to stop Carnival ships from docking in US, Apr 12, 2019
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  29. ^ Andy Newman. "Carnival is on probation for polluting the ocean. They're still doing it, court records show". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
  30. ^ "Carnival Will Pay a $20 Million Fine for Polluting the Oceans With Its Cruise Ships". TIME. June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2019. Senior U.S. District Judge Patricia Seitz scheduled a hearing later Monday on whether to accept the agreement. Seitz previously threatened to bar Carnival from docking at U.S. ports because of the violations.
  31. ^ "Carnival to pay $20M for violating probation on previous ocean pollution conviction". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 4, 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2019. "The company pleads guilty," Arnold said six times in a packed courtroom that included other senior Carnival executives, including company chairman and Miami Heat owner Micky Arison.
  32. ^ Kennedy, Merrit (2019-06-04). "Carnival Cruise Lines Hit With $20 Million Penalty For Environmental Crimes".
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  34. ^ "Rescue Under Way for Disabled Carnival Splendor". CBS News. November 10, 2010.
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  42. ^ Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (March 15, 2013). "Coast Guard Investigating Carnival Legend". Los Angeles Times.
  43. ^ Carpenter, Jake; et al. (March 17, 2013). "Carnival Legend back in Florida after week of troubled cruise voyages". CNN.
  44. ^ Mullen, Jethro (December 31, 2015), "Couple witnesses horrific cruise ship death", CNN, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., retrieved December 31, 2015
  45. ^ "Electrician crushed to death on Carnival ship disabled safety system, police say". miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  46. ^ Mitchell, Neil (2018-02-16). "EXCLUSIVE FOOTAGE: Violent cruise ship brawl captured on camera". Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  47. ^ Osborne, Mark (May 5, 2018), "Water line break floods 50 rooms on Carnival cruise ship", ABC, Disney–ABC Television Group, retrieved May 5, 2018
  48. ^ Dolven, Taylor (2 November 2018). "Carnival cruise ship listed, frightening passengers". Miami Herald.
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