Carnival Cruise Line
|Wholly Owned Subsidiary|
|Industry||Hospitality, Travel, and Tourism|
|Founded||March 11, 1972|
|Headquarters||Doral, Florida, U.S.|
|Christine Duffy, President|
|Revenue||US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total assets||US$35 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total equity||US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)|
Number of employees
3,900 - Shoreside|
33,500 - Shipboard
|Parent||Carnival Corporation & plc|
Footnotes / references
Carnival is one of ten cruise line brands owned by the world's largest cruise ship operator, the American-British Carnival Corporation & plc. In 2018 Carnival Cruise Line was estimated to hold a 8.9% share of cruise industry revenue and 22.0% of passengers. It has 26 vessels and is the largest fleet in the Carnival group. The ships fly flags of convenience; 18 of the ships fly the Panama flag, six of the Bahamas and two of Malta. Its headquarters are in Miami, Florida, the United States. The North American division of Carnival Corporation has executive control over the corporation and is headquartered in Doral, Florida.
Carnival Cruise Line was founded in 1972 by Ted Arison. To finance the venture, Arison turned to his friend Meshulam Riklis, who owned Boston-based American International Travel Service (AITS). Arison and Riklis set up the new company as a subsidiary of AITS. AITS was to market and promote the new venture. In 1974, due to regulatory issues, Riklis sold AITS's interest in the company to Arison for $1, but subject to Arison taking over the substantial company debts. The split enabled Arison to enter into new relationships with independent travel agents. He also promoted his cruises to fun-loving younger people. The format was very successful financially. Until 1975, the line consisted of only one ship, the Mardi Gras. In 1975 another ship was acquired, the Carnivale.
In 2001, Robert H. Dickinson, then President and CTC, participated in a BBC documentary, Back To The Floor. Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the MS Carnival Imagination in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.
In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, the Pinnacle Project, calling for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship at the time. The ship was cancelled and after that they came up with a project called Next Generation.
In 2009, Carnival released their biggest ship at the time, the Carnival Dream, a new 128,000 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean, she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel. It entered service in June 2012 and its homeport is now Galveston. On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012 - Carnival Breeze.
On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new 133,500 GT ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship, built by Fincantieri, was the largest ship they have ever built. It sailed its maiden voyage on May 1, 2016. The new ship was named Carnival Vista.
A sister to Carnival Vista, Carnival Horizon, joined the fleet with its inaugural voyage from Barcelona on April 2, 2018. Queen Latifah is the Godmother of the ship for its christening in New York on May 23, 2018..
Carnival Panorama is set to join the fleet in December 2019.
In 2016, Carnival extended their contract with Port Everglades cruise port to 2030. The port began a $54 million renovation in anticipation of the deal. The agreement brings in an estimated 4,780 local jobs and over $200 million in personal income.
Influence on the Caribbean
In 2018, the Caribbean region is the most popular cruise destination. Cruise tourism brings $7.4 billion to the State of Florida.
Carnival's presence in Florida benefits the Miami International Airport, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, and Palm Beach International Airport. Recent studies demonstrated the increase in jobs to the region mentioned impact to the hotel industry, Rodeway Inn & Suites Fort Lauderdale Airport and Port Everglades Cruiseport hotel, and impact to advertising agencies and other businesses. Food processors, electrical and nonelectrical machinery manufacturers are the next most influenced industries in the area by the expansion of Carnival's presence.
Hurricane Katrina charters
In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing until the houses can be rebuilt. After being chartered for six months, their planned voyages were cancelled, and passengers were refunded. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized, because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.
The company has reportedly been paying wages under $1.50 per hour to employees with low-to-nonexistent benefits, such as holidays or minimal vacations. Monthly salaries of the high paid workers are around $1,300. Employees report strenuous working conditions such as 14-hour shifts with no days off. As of October 2013, retirement benefits were revoked.
Accidents and incidents
See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.
On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. The Carnival Tropicale spent two days without propulsion.
On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico. The engine fire led to a power outage on the ship, which in turn caused raw sewage to back up. The media dubbed the ordeal "The Poop Cruise". The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14. In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered that revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing stated that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."
On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, Sint Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.
On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).
On December 27, 2015, an electrician who had been working on the Carnival Ecstasy was crushed to death while working in an elevator. The accident had heavy publicity after a video was posted online.
|Carnival Horizon||Vista||2018-present||133,500 GT||3,960||Miami, Florida||Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Line.|
|Carnival Vista||Vista||2016–present||133,500 GT||3,934||Galveston, Texas||Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Horizon|
|Carnival Breeze||Dream||2012–Present||128,000 GT||3,690||Port Canaveral, Florida
Beginning September 30, 2018
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Vista|
|Carnival Magic||Dream||2011–Present||128,000 GT||3,690||
Port Canaveral, Florida
Until September 29, 2018
Beginning September 30, 2018
Beginning May 5, 2019
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze|
|Carnival Dream||Dream||2009–Present||128,000 GT||3,646||New Orleans, Louisiana
Until May 12, 2019
Beginning May 13, 2019
|Panama||Had a flood on deck 9 after a burst pipe and ruined 50 staterooms in May 2018|
|Carnival Splendor||Splendor||2008–Present||113,300 GT||3,012||Panama||Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor, but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships.|
|Carnival Freedom||Conquest||2007–Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Galveston, Texas||Panama|
|Carnival Liberty||Conquest||2005–Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Panama|
|Carnival Valor||Conquest||2004–Present||110,000 GT||2,980||
Until May 10, 2019
Beginning May 11, 2019
|Carnival Glory||Conquest||2003–Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Miami, Florida
Until February 28, 2019
Beginning March 2, 2019
|Carnival Conquest||Conquest||2002–Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Until May 5, 2019
Beginning May 5, 2019
|Carnival Miracle||Spirit||2004–Present||88,500 GT||2,124||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Legend||Spirit||2002–Present||88,500 GT||2,124||(April-September)
Seattle, Washington ; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ; Honolulu, Hawaii
|Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Pride||Spirit||2002–Present||88,500 GT||2,124||Baltimore, Maryland||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival|
|Carnival Spirit||Spirit||2001–Present||88,500 GT||2,124||Sydney, Australia
Until January 12, 2020
Beginning January 14, 2020
Seattle, Washington ; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ; Honolulu, Hawaii
Beginning April 10, 2020
Beginning October 25, 2020
|Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Victory||Destiny/Sunshine||2000–Present||101,509 GT||2,754||Miami, Florida||Panama||Modified Destiny-class|
|Carnival Triumph||Destiny/Sunshine||1999–2019 When she will be refitted as Carnival Sunrise||101,509 GT||2,754||New Orleans, Louisiana
Until March 1, 2019
Beginning April 29, 2019
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service. On April 2019,Carnival Triumph will be renamed to Carnival Sunrise after a major $200 million drydock.
|Carnival Sunshine||Destiny/Sunshine||2013–Present 1996-2013 as Carnival Destiny||102,853 GT||3,002||Port Canaveral, Florida
Until May 17, 2019
Beginning May 18, 2019
|Bahamas||Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. Carnival now identifies the Sunshine as the only member of Sunshine Class. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
|Carnival Paradise||Fantasy||1998–Present||71,909 GT||2,124||Tampa, Florida||Panama||Originally, Paradise|
|Carnival Elation||Fantasy||1998–Present||71,909 GT||2,130||Jacksonville, Florida
Until May 11, 2019
Beginning May 12, 2019
|Carnival Inspiration||Fantasy||1996–Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Inspiration|
|Carnival Imagination||Fantasy||1995–Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Imagination|
|Carnival Fascination||Fantasy||1994–Present||70,367 GT||2,056||San Juan, Puerto Rico ; Barbados
|Carnival Sensation||Fantasy||1993–Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Miami, Florida||Bahamas||Originally, Sensation|
|Carnival Ecstasy||Fantasy||1991–Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Charleston, South Carolina
Until May 15, 2019
|Carnival Fantasy||Fantasy||1990–present||70,367 GT||2,056||Mobile, Alabama||Panama||Originally, Fantasy|
- Two more Destiny-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Fortuna and Costa Magica.
- Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory are Modified-Destiny-class cruise ship because they were built with two more decks than the rest of the Destiny-class ships.
- Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Atlantica and Costa Mediterranea.
- One more Dream-class ship sails for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Diadema.
- Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed. Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic and Carnival Breeze, as well as Carnival Vista, were built with the Seaside Theater.
- Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed and built for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises had five sister ships to Carnival Splendor: Costa Concordia, Costa Serena, Costa Pacifica, Costa Favolosa and Costa Fascinosa, until the Costa Concordia was grounded and wrecked in January 2012. The inaugural voyage for Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England.
|Will sail for
|Gross Tonnage||Home Port||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Carnival Panorama||2019||2019||133,500 GT||Long Beach, California||Panama||Sister to the Carnival Vista and Carnival Horizon. Originally planned to sail for P&O Cruises Australia.|
|Carnival Reflection||2020||2020||180,000 GT||Port Canaveral, FL||Panama||Will be the first LNG powered and the largest ship ever built for Carnival Cruise Line.|
|Unnamed||2022||2022||180,000 GT||TBA||Panama||Build by Meyer Turku, Finland|
|Mardi Gras||Empress||1961||1972–1993||27,284 GT
registered as 18,261 GT
|Panama||Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003.|
|Carnivale||Empress||1956||1975–1993||31,500 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008.|
|Festivale||Festivale||1962||1977–1996||32,697 GT||Panama||Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003.|
|Tropicale||Tropicale||1982||1982–2001||36,674 GT||Liberia||Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008.|
|Holiday||Holiday||1985||1985–2009||46,051 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2009, Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan.|
|Jubilee||Holiday||1986||1986–2004||47,262 GT||Liberia||In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia and the Henna in 2013. Sold for scrap in 2017.|
|Celebration||Holiday||1987||1987–2008||47,262 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line.|
|Class||Ship||Pools||Hot Tubs||Twister Water Slide||Water Works||Mini Golf||Sport Square||Seaside Theater||Adult Only Serenity||Spa||Carnival Multiplex||Themed Staterooms||Lanai|
|Vista||Carnival Horizon||3||7||Fun Things||Dr. Seuss||Featuring Sky Ride||Cloud 9 Spa||Havana, Family Harbor, Cloud 9 Spa|
|Carnival Vista||3||7||Carnival||Featuring Sky Ride||Cloud 9 Spa||Havana, Family Harbor, Cloud 9 Spa|
|Sunshine||Carnival Sunshine||2||3||Carnival||Cloud 9 Spa||Cloud 9 Spa|
|Dream||Carnival Breeze||2||8||Carnival||Cloud 9 Spa||Thrill Theater Only||Cloud 9 Spa|
|Carnival Magic||2||8||Carnival||Cloud 9 Spa||Cloud 9 Spa|
|Carnival Dream||2||10||Carnival||Cloud 9 Spa||Cloud 9 Spa|
|Splendor||Carnival Splendor||3||5||Cloud 9 Spa||Cloud 9 Spa|
|Conquest||Carnival Freedom||3||7||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Liberty||3||7||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Valor||3||7||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Glory||2||6||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Conquest||3||7||Spa Carnival|
|Spirit||Carnival Miracle||3||4||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Legend||3||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Pride||3||3||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Spirit||3||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Triumph||Carnival Victory||3||7||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Triumph||3||5||Spa Carnival|
|Fantasy||Carnival Paradise||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Elation||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Inspiration||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Imagination||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Fascination||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Sensation||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Ecstasy||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Carnival Fantasy||1||4||Carnival||Spa Carnival|
|Class||Ship||BlueIguana Cantina||Guy's Burger Joint||BBQ||Seafood Shack||Bonsai Sushi||Havana Bar||Ji Ji Asian Kitchen||Cucina Del Capitano||Red Frog Pub||Cherry On Top||The Steakhouse||Alchemy Bar||Red Frog Rum Bar||BlueIguana Tequila Bar||The Library Bar||Sports Bar|
|Vista||Carnival Horizon||Guy's Pig & Anchor Bar-B-Que Smokehouse Brewhouse||Bonsai Sushi and Teppanyaki||Fahrenheit 555||SkyBox|
|Carnival Vista||Guy's Pig & Anchor Bar-B-Que Smokehouse||Red Frog Pub & Brewery||Fahrenheit 555||SkyBox|
|Sunshine||Carnival Sunshine||Fahrenheit 555||SkyBox|
|Dream||Carnival Breeze||Guy's Pig & Anchor Bar-B-Que Smokehouse||Fahrenheit 555|
|Carnival Magic||Guy's Pig & Anchor Bar-B-Que Smokehouse|
|Carnival Dream||Guy's Pig & Anchor Bar-B-Que Smokehouse|
|Splendor||Carnival Splendor||Ol' Fashioned BBQ|
|Conquest||Carnival Freedom||Ol' Fashioned BBQ||SkyBox|
|Carnival Liberty||Ol' Fashioned BBQ||SkyBox|
|Carnival Valor||Ol' Fashioned BBQ||SkyBox|
|Carnival Glory||Ol' Fashioned BBQ||SkyBox|
|Carnival Conquest||Ol' Fashioned BBQ||SkyBox|
|Carnival Legend||Seafood Corner||Nouveau Restaurant|
|Carnival Spirit||Fat Jimmy's C-Side BBQ||Seafood Corner||Nouveau Restaurant|
|Triumph||Carnival Victory||Bonsai Sushi Express||SkyBox|
|Carnival Fascination||Bonsai Sushi Express|
- Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute, a Supreme Court case about forum selection clauses
- Carnival Air Lines
- Costa Crociere (subsidiary)
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