Carnival Cruise Line

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Carnival Cruise Line
Wholly owned subsidiary
Industry Travel, Tourism & Hospitality (Cruise Industry)
Founded March 11, 1972; 45 years ago (1972-03-11)
Founder Ted Arison
Headquarters Miami, Florida, U.S.
Area served
Key people
Christine Duffy, President
Products Cruises
Revenue Increase US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)
Increase US$2.3 billion (FY 2011)
Increase US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)
Total assets Increase US$35 billion (FY 2011)
Total equity Increase US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)
Number of employees
3,900 - Shoreside[1]
33,500 - Shipboard[1]
Parent Carnival Corporation & plc

Footnotes / references
Largest cruise line in the world, based on passengers carried annually, annual revenue and total number of ships in fleet[1]

House flag of Carnival Cruise Line

Carnival Cruise Line is a cruise line based in Miami, Florida in the United States. It is a subsidiary of the American-British company Carnival Corporation & plc.


Originally an independent company founded in 1972 by Ted Arison, the company is now one of nine cruise ship brands owned and operated by Carnival Corporation & plc. The company has the largest fleet in the group, with 25 vessels currently in operation that account for 21.1% of the worldwide market share.[2] Executive control of the company is provided by the North American division of Carnival Corporation, headquartered in Doral, Florida.[3][4]

Carnival was a pioneer in the concept of shorter, less expensive cruises. Its ships are known for their Las Vegas-style decor and entertainment. The line calls its ships "The Fun Ships", and there are a wide range of activities offered on board. Its trademark is the funnel, which is red, white and blue and shaped like a whale's tail. The mascot for Carnival is Fun Ship Freddy, a character in the shape of Carnival's distinctive funnel.

In 1996 Carnival Destiny of 101,000 GT became the largest passenger ship in the world at the time and first to exceed 100,000 tons.

In 2001, Robert Dickinson, then CEO, participated in a BBC documentary, Back To The Floor. Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the Fun Ship MS Imagination on a Carnival cruise in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.[5]

In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, the Pinnacle Project, calling for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship.[6]

As of 2009, the latest and largest asset in the Carnival fleet was Carnival Dream, a new 128,000 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel.[7] It entered service in June 2012 and is now homeported in Galveston.[8] On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012; Carnival Breeze.[9]

On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship will be built by Fincantieri and will be the largest ship they have ever built. It sailed its maiden voyage on May 1, 2016, nearly four years after Carnival Breeze entered service.[10] The new ship is named Carnival Vista.[11]

In January 2017, Michael Thamm was appointed CEO of Carnival Asia by the Carnival Corporation. As CEO, Thamm will oversee operations in China and the region. Thamm's career spans more than three decades in the cruise and shipping industry. Thamm serves as CEO of Costa Group since Jul. 1, 2012 and continues to work at Costa Group alongside Carnival Asia.[12]

2018 will also see the addition of a new liner to Carnival's fleet, when the Carnival Horizon sets sail.

Hurricane Katrina charters[edit]

Carnival Ecstasy docked in New Orleans

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing until the houses can be rebuilt. After being chartered for six months, their planned voyages were cancelled, and passengers were refunded. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized, because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.[13]


The company has reportedly been paying wages under $1.50 per hour to employees with low-to-nonexistent benefits, such as holidays or minimal vacations.[14] Monthly salaries of the high paid workers is around $1,300. The crew wages are supplemented by gratuities, and one former Carnival crew member cited that crew receive up to 95% of their income from tips.[15] Employees report strenuous working conditions such as 14-hour shifts with no days off. As of October 2013, they are also revoking retirement benefits.[16]

On February 1, 2015, Carnival aired an advertisement during Super Bowl XLIX that invoked biological evolution, causing outrage among creationists.[17]

Carnival Cruise Line headquarters in Doral, Florida

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.

On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. No crew or guests were injured during the two days Carnival Tropicale spent without propulsion.[18] The ship was later sold and renamed Ocean Dream.

On November 8, 2010, a fire broke out in the generator room of Carnival Splendor and the ship lost most power. The ship was adrift off the west coast of Mexico. The ship was towed to San Diego.[19]

On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico.[20] The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14.[21][22] In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered that revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing takes the position that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."[23]

On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, Sint Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.[24]

On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).[25][26][27]

On December 27, 2015, an electrician who had been working on one of Carnival Ecstasy passenger elevators was killed in an accident.[28]


Current fleet[edit]

Ship Class Year
Sailed for
Gross Tonnage Home Port Flag Notes Image
Carnival Vista Vista 2016 2016–present 133,500 GT Miami, Florida

Until September 16, 2018

Galveston, Texas

Beginning September 23, 2018

 Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Line. TRIESTE NAVI (26741045166) (cropped).jpg
Carnival Breeze Dream 2012 2012–Present 130,000 GT[29] Galveston, Texas

Until September 16, 2018

Port Canaveral, Florida

Beginning September 30, 2018

 Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Vista Carnival Breeze (ship, 2011) 001 (cropped).jpg
Carnival Magic Dream 2011 2011–Present 130,000 GT[30]
Port Canaveral, Florida

Until September 29, 2018

Miami, Florida

Beginning September 30, 2018

 Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze Carnival Magic in Venedig.JPG
Carnival Dream Dream 2009 2009–Present 130,000 GT[31] New Orleans, Louisiana  Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Magic Carnival Dream Bow.png
Carnival Splendor Splendor/Concordia 2008 2008–2019 113,300 GT[31] Miami, Florida ;
Until May 7, 2017

Fort Lauderdale, Florida ;
Until October 14, 2017

Miami, Florida ;
Until January 14, 2018

Long Beach, California
Beginning January 27, 2018

 Panama Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor, but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships. Will transfer to P&O Cruises Australia in late 2019. Carnival Splendor 2009.jpg
Carnival Freedom Conquest 2007 2007–Present 110,000 GT Galveston, Texas  Panama George Town - Carnival Freedom (5756470231).jpg
Carnival Liberty Conquest 2005 2005–Present 110,000 GT

Port Canaveral, Florida

 Panama Carnival Liberty George Town, Grand Cayman (4401394568).jpg
Carnival Valor Conquest 2004 2004–Present 110,000 GT

Galveston, Texas

 Panama Carnival Valor Cruise Ship (3) (21009123989).jpg
Carnival Glory Conquest 2003 2003–Present 110,000 GT Miami, Florida  Panama Carnival Glory in Belize, 12-2014 (recropped).JPG
Carnival Conquest Conquest 2002 2002–Present 110,000 GT Fort Lauderdale, Florida  Panama Carnival Conquest 3.jpg
Carnival Miracle Spirit 2004 2004–Present 88,500 GT Long Beach, California ;
Until January 13, 2018

Tampa, Florida[32]
Beginning January 27, 2018

 Panama Built to Panamax form factor Carnival Miracle July 2011.jpg
Carnival Legend Spirit 2002 2002–Present 88,500 GT Seattle, Washington ; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ; Honolulu, Hawaii Summer months
Sydney, Australia (Fall, Winter, Spring months) Melbourne, Australia[33]
 Malta Built to Panamax form factor CarnivalLegendCoz.JPG
Carnival Pride Spirit 2001 2002–Present 88,500 GT Baltimore, Maryland [34]  Panama Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival US-port-canav-carnival-pride (recropped).jpg
Carnival Spirit Spirit 2001 2001–Present 88,500 GT Sydney, Australia
Shanghai, China [35]
 Malta Built to Panamax form factor Carnival Spirit 2.jpg
Carnival Victory Triumph 2000 2000–Present 101,509 GT Miami, Florida  Panama Modified Destiny-class Carnival Victory2.jpg
Carnival Triumph Triumph 1999 1999–Present 101,509 GT New Orleans, Louisiana  Bahamas Modified Destiny-class.
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service. After Dry Dock she became the leader of the two member Triumph Class.[citation needed]
Carnival Triumph Half Moon Cay.jpg
Carnival Sunshine Destiny/Sunshine 1996 (As Carnival Destiny)
2013 (As Carnival Sunshine)
1996–Present 102,853 GT Port Canaveral, Florida ; New York City ; Charleston; Norfolk  Bahamas Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. Carnival now identifies the Sunshine as the only member of Sunshine Class. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
Carnival Sunshine 02.JPG
Carnival Paradise Fantasy 1998 1998–Present 70,367 GT Tampa, Florida  Panama Originally, Paradise Ms-paradise-catalina-sm.JPG
Carnival Elation Fantasy 1998 1998–Present 70,367 GT Jacksonville, Florida  Panama Originally, Elation Carnival Elation leaving the Port of New Orleans 4.JPG
Carnival Inspiration Fantasy 1996 1996–Present 70,367 GT Long Beach, California  Bahamas Originally, Inspiration Carnival Inspiration 01 (recropped).jpg
Carnival Imagination Fantasy 1995 1995–Present 70,367 GT Long Beach, California  Bahamas Originally, Imagination Post0103 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library (cropped) (2).jpg
Carnival Fascination Fantasy 1994 1994–Present 70,367 GT San Juan, Puerto Rico ; Barbados
 Bahamas Originally, Fascination Carnival Fascination.JPG
Carnival Sensation Fantasy 1993 1993–Present 70,367 GT Miami, Florida  Bahamas Originally, Sensation Carnival Sensation Nassau 12-23-11.jpg
Carnival Ecstasy Fantasy 1991 1991–Present 70,367 GT Charleston, South Carolina  Panama originally, Ecstasy Carnival Ecstasy docked in Port Canaveral, Florida.jpg
Carnival Fantasy Fantasy 1990 1990–present 70,367 GT Mobile, Alabama  Panama Originally, Fantasy 'Carnival Fantasy' Docked at Charleston (SC) July 2012.jpg


  • Carnival Horizon to be delivered in May of 2018
  • Two more Destiny-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Fortuna and Costa Magica.
  • Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory are Modified-Destiny-class cruise ship because they were built with two more decks than the rest of the Destiny-class ships.
  • Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Atlantica and Costa Mediterranea.
  • Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed. Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic' and Carnival Breeze were built with the Seaside Theater.
  • Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed and built for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises had five sister ships to Carnival Splendor: Costa Concordia, Costa Serena, Costa Pacifica, Costa Favolosa and Costa Fascinosa,[citation needed] until the Costa Concordia was grounded and wrecked in January 2012. The inaugural voyage for Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England. On December 14, 2016, it was announced the Splendor will leave Carnival in late 2019 and be transferred over to P&O Cruises Australia.

Future fleet[edit]

Ship Year
Will sail for
Gross Tonnage Home Port Flag Notes Image
Carnival Horizon 2018 2018 133,500 GT Barcelona, New York City, and Miami  Panama Sister to the Carnival Vista.
TBD 2019 2019 133,500 GT TBA  Panama Sister to the Carnival Vista and Carnival Horizon, Originally planned to sail for P&O Cruises Australia, will be the largest Carnival Cruise Ship ever built
TBD 2020 2020 180,000 GT TBA  Panama Will be the first Carnival Ship built for China
TBD 2022 2022 180,000 GT TBA  Panama Build by Meyer Turku, Finland

On July 29, 2016, Carnival announced that the second Vista Class Ship would be named Carnival Horizon the last ship to be built by Fincantieri. Carnival Horizon is scheduled to be delivered March 2018.

Former fleet[edit]

Ship Class Year
Sailed for
Gross Tonnage Flag Notes Image
Mardi Gras Empress 1961 1972–1993 27,284 GT  Panama Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003. MV Mardi Gras - Montreal, 1979.jpg
Carnivale Empress 1956 1975–1993 31,500 GT  Panama Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008. "Carnivale" - Miami, 1984.jpg
Festivale Festivale 1962 1977–1996 32,697 GT  Panama Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003. SS Festivale in Barbados - 1987-02-26.jpg
Tropicale Tropicale 1982 1982–2001 36,674 GT  Liberia Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008. Ocean Dream in Grand Harbour, Valletta, Malta in Pullmantur livery.jpg
Holiday Holiday 1985 1985–2009 46,051 GT Madeira,  Portugal In 2009, Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan. Carnival Holiday docked in Cozumel 03-2004.jpg
Jubilee Holiday 1986 1986–2004 47,262 GT  Liberia In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia and the Henna in 2013. 2017 scrapped in Alang. CarnivalJubilee.jpg
Celebration Holiday 1987 1987–2008 47,262 GT Madeira,  Portugal In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, Now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line. Carnival Celebration, Nassau (cropped).jpg


Restaurants on board Carnival ships include Ji Ji Asian Kitchen, Carnival Steakhouses, Cucina Del Capitano, Mongolian Wok, Guy's Burger Joint, Pizza Stations, Tandoor Kitchen, Taste Bar, Chef's Kitchen, Dining Rooms, Red Frog Pub, BlueIguana Cantina, Carnival Deli, Java Blue, Shake Spot, Pig and Anchor, and Fish and Chips

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Carnival Cruise Lines Fact Sheet. Carnival Cruise Lines. Retrieved 31 May 2010
  2. ^ "2012 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2011-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Corporate Address." Carnival Cruise Line. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
  4. ^ "Map of the City of Doral." City of Doral. Retrieved on January 9, 2010
  5. ^ "BBC - Adam Curtis - We're all in the same boat — aren't we?". 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Fincantieri signs a five ship, 2.6 billion dollar agreement with Carnival Group. Press Release. Fincantiei. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2010
  7. ^ "Wärtsilä to power new cruise vessel of Carnival Corporation". 
  8. ^ "New 128,000-ton Cruise Ship Ordered for Carnival Corporation & plc's Carnival Cruise Line Unit". Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Carnival Cruise Lines' new 128,000-ton ship to be named Carnival Breeze". Cruise Industry News. May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Carnival Cruise Lines and Holland America Line Order New Ships - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  11. ^ Sloan, Gene (July 20, 2013). "Next Carnival ship to be called Carnival Vista". USA Today. Retrieved Aug 4, 2013. 
  12. ^ Tore, Ozgur. "New CEO of Carnival Asia". FTNnews. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  13. ^ $236 Million Cruise Ship Deal Criticized — The Washington Post, September 28, 2005
  14. ^ "P&O cruise ship staff paid basic salary of 75p an hour". The Guardian. September 29, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Q&A: Cruise Confidential Author on the Life of a Crewmember". Cruise Critic. December 22, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Carnival Cruises Lines Terminates Crew Member Retirement Benefits". Cruise Law News. October 23, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Carnival Corporation's Superbowl [sic] Advert Kicks up a Storm With Creationists". News. February 2, 2015. 
  18. ^ Danielson, Richard (February 23, 2000). "Cruise captain feared panic". St. Petersburg Times. 
  19. ^ "Rescue Under Way for Disabled Carnival Splendor". CBS News. November 10, 2010. 
  20. ^ Martin, Hugo (February 12, 2013). "Carnival Triumph cruise ship adrift; long lines for toilets, food". Los Angeles Times. 
  21. ^ "Feces, water reported on floor of disabled Carnival cruise ship in Gulf of Mexico". Fox News. February 12, 2013. 
  22. ^ Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (February 14, 2013). "Carnival Triumph, crippled cruise ship, finally reaches port". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  23. ^ Griffin, Drew; Bronstein, Scott (December 17, 2013). "Documents show Carnival knew of fire danger before ill-fated cruise". CNN. 
  24. ^ Lateef Mungin (15 March 2013). "Carnival nightmare: Another cruise ship reports trouble at sea". CNN. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  25. ^ "Another problem cruise: Second Carnival ship in less than a week experiences trouble at sea". Fox News. March 15, 2013. 
  26. ^ Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (March 15, 2013). "Coast Guard Investigating Carnival Legend". Los Angeles Times. 
  27. ^ Carpenter, Jake; et al. (March 17, 2013). "Carnival Legend back in Florida after week of troubled cruise voyages". CNN. 
  28. ^ Mullen, Jethro (December 31, 2015), "Couple witnesses horrific cruise ship death", CNN, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., retrieved December 31, 2015 
  29. ^ "Carnival Breeze". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "Carnival Magic". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  31. ^ a b "Carnival Dream". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  32. ^ Gene Sloan (2012-02-09). "Carnival Cruise Lines to expand capacity in New York - USA Today". Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  33. ^ "Carnival Legend to be Based in Melbourne in Summer 2018". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  34. ^ Kevin Rector (2014-01-30). "Carnival reverses plan to depart Baltimore port". Retrieved 2014-01-30. 
  35. ^ "Carnival Spirit to Offer Winter Season in Shanghai for Carnival's First China Cruises". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 2016-05-07. 

External links[edit]