Carnival Cruise Line
|Wholly owned Subsidiary|
|Industry||Travel, Tourism & Hospitality (Cruise Industry)|
|Founded||1972, by Ted Arison|
|Headquarters||Doral, Florida, United States|
|Christine Duffy, President|
|Revenue||US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$2.3 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total assets||US$35 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total equity||US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)|
Number of employees
|3,900 - Shoreside
33,500 - Shipboard
|Parent||Carnival Corporation & plc|
Footnotes / references
Carnival Cruise Lines is an American owned cruise line, based in Doral, Florida, a suburb of Miami in the United States. Originally an independent company founded in 1972 by Ted Arison, the company is now one of nine cruise ship brands owned and operated by Carnival Corporation & plc. The company has the largest fleet in the group, with 24 vessels currently in operation that account for 21.1% of the worldwide market share. Executive control of the company is provided by the North American division of Carnival Corporation, headquartered in Doral, Florida.
Carnival was a pioneer in the concept of shorter, less expensive cruises. Its ships are known for their Las Vegas-style decor and entertainment. The line calls its ships "The Fun Ships", and there are a wide range of activities offered on board. Its trademark is the funnel, which is red, white and blue and shaped like a whale's tail. The mascot for Carnival is Fun Ship Freddy, a character in the shape of Carnival's distinctive funnel.
In 2001, Robert Dickinson, then CEO, participated in a BBC documentary, "Back To The Floor". Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the Fun Ship MS Imagination on a Carnival cruise in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.
In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, which was called the Pinnacle Project, which calls for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship.
As of 2009, the latest and largest ship in the Carnival fleet was Carnival Dream, a new 128,251 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel. It entered service in June 2012 and is homeported in Miami. On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012; Carnival Breeze.
On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new ship for their Carnival Cruise Lines brand. This ship will be built by Fincantieri and will be the largest ship they have ever built. It will also be the first of a brand new class of ship with a passenger capacity of 4,000 and a gross tonnage of 135,000. It is scheduled to be delivered in the spring of 2016, nearly four years after Carnival Breeze entered service. The new ship will be named Carnival Vista.
|Gross Tonnage||Home Port||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Carnival Dream||Dream||2009||2009–Present||130,000 GT||New Orleans, Louisiana||Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Magic|
|Carnival Magic||Dream||2011||2011–Present||130,000 GT||Galveston, Texas launch - April 2016
Port Canaveral, Florida May 2016 -
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze|
|Carnival Breeze||Dream||2012||2012–Present||130,000 GT||Miami, Florida launch - May 8, 2016
Galveston, Texas May 8, 2016 -
|Panama||Currently the largest ship built for Carnival Cruise Line|
|Carnival Splendor||Splendor||2008||2008–Present||113,323 GT||Miami, Florida||Panama||Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Lines during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships.|
|Carnival Conquest||Conquest||2002||2002–Present||110,239 GT||Ft. Lauderdale, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Glory||Conquest||2003||2003–Present||110,239 GT||Miami, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Valor||Conquest||2004||2004–Present||110,239 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Liberty||Conquest||2005||2005–Present||110,320 GT||San Juan, Puerto Rico - March 6, 2016
Galveston, Texas March 6, 2016 -
|Carnival Freedom||Conquest||2007||2007–Present||110,320 GT||Galveston, Texas||Panama|
|Carnival Spirit||Spirit||2001||2001–Present||85,920 GT||Sydney, Australia||Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Pride||Spirit||2001||2002–Present||88,500 GT||Baltimore, Maryland||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival|
|Carnival Legend||Spirit||2002||2002–Present||85,942 GT||Seattle, Washington May 2015 - September 2015
Sydney, Australia September 2015 -
|Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Miracle||Spirit||2004||2004–Present||85,942 GT||Long Beach, California||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Sunshine||Destiny||1996 (As Carnival Destiny)
2013 (As Carnival Sunshine)
|1996–Present||102,853 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida||Bahamas||Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. Carnival now identifies the Sunshine as the only member of Sunshine Class. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
|Carnival Triumph||Destiny||1999||1999-Present||101,509 GT||Galveston, Texas launch - April 2016
New Orleans, Louisiana April 2016 -
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service.
|Carnival Victory||Destiny||2000||2000–Present||101,509 GT||Miami, Florida launch - February 15, 2016
Port Canaveral, Florida February 25, 2016 - October 30, 2016
Miami, Florida November 2016 -
|Carnival Fantasy||Fantasy||1990||1990–present||70,367 GT||Charleston, South Carolina launch - February 6, 2016
Miami, Florida February 17, 2016 - November 2016
Mobile, Alabama November 9, 2016 - November 27, 2017
|Carnival Ecstasy||Fantasy||1991||1991–Present||70,526 GT||Miami, Florida launch - February 5, 2016
Charleston, South Carolina February 6, 2016 -
|Carnival Sensation||Fantasy||1993||1993–Present||70,538 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida launch - February 21, 2016
Miami, Florida February 25, 2016 -
|Carnival Fascination||Fantasy||1994||1994–Present||70,538 GT||Jacksonville, Florida launch - April 2016
San Juan, Puerto Rico April 2016 -
|Carnival Imagination||Fantasy||1995||1995–Present||70,367 GT||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||originally, Imagination|
|Carnival Inspiration||Fantasy||1996||1996–Present||70,367 GT||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Inspiration|
|Carnival Elation||Fantasy||1998||1998–Present||70,390 GT||New Orleans, Louisiana launch - April 2016
Jacksonville, Florida April 2016 -
|Carnival Paradise||Fantasy||1998||1998–Present||70,390 GT||Tampa, Florida||Panama||Originally, Paradise|
- Two more Destiny-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Fortuna and Costa Magica.
- Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory are Modified-Destiny-class cruise ship because they were built with two more decks than the rest of the Destiny-class ships.
- Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Atlantica and Costa Mediterranea.
- Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed. Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic' and Carnival Breeze were built with the Seaside Theater.
- Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed and built for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises had five sister ships to Carnival Splendor: Costa Concordia, Costa Serena, Costa Pacifica, Costa Favolosa and Costa Fascinosa, until the Costa Concordia was grounded and wrecked in January 2012. The inaugural voyage for Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England.
|Will sail for
|Gross Tonnage||Home Port||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Carnival Vista||2016||2016||133,500 GT||Barcelona, Spain/Athens, Greece/Trieste, Italy (May–October 2016)
New York, New York (October–November 2016)
Miami, Florida (November 29, 2016 and on)
|Panama||The soon to be largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Lines.|
Carnival Corporation & plc announced on October 26, 2012, that Carnival had ordered a new ship for their Carnival Cruise Lines brand. This ship, built by Fincantieri, will be the largest vessel in the Carnival Cruise Line fleet. The ship has been named Carnival Vista, and it will be the first of a new class of cruise ships with a passenger capacity of 4,000 and a gross tonnage of 135,000. It is scheduled to be delivered in the spring of 2016.
|Mardi Gras||1961||1972–1993||27,284 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003.|
|Carnivale||1956||1975–1993||31,500 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008.|
|Festivale||1962||1977–1996||32,697 GT||Panama||Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003.|
|Tropicale||1982||1982–2001||36,674 GT||Liberia||Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008.|
|Holiday||1985||1985–2009||46,051 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2009 Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan.|
|Jubilee||1986||1986–2004||47,262 GT||Liberia||In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia, Now sails for HNA Cruises as Henna.|
|Celebration||1987||1987–2008||47,262 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, Now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line.|
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (March 2008)|
- 1972 – Carnival Purchases Empress of Canada
- 1972 – The maiden voyage of Carnival’s first ship, the TSS Mardi Gras, runs aground on sandbar outside the Port of Miami.
- 1975 – Carnival purchases Empress of Britain, which enters service as the TSS Carnivale.
- 1978 – Festivale, formerly S.A. Vaal, undergoes $30 million refurbishment, begins service for Carnival as the largest and fastest vessel sailing from Miami to the Caribbean.
- 1982 – Debut of Tropicale, the first new cruise ship the cruise industry had seen in many years; ship marks the beginning of an industry-wide multi-billion-dollar shipbuilding boom.
- 1984 – Carnival becomes first cruise line to advertise on network television with the premiere of new advertising campaign starring company spokesperson Kathie Lee Gifford (then Kathie Lee Johnson).
- 1985 – Debut of 46,052 GT Holiday
- 1986 – Launch of 47,262 GT Jubilee
- 1987 – The 47,262 GT Celebration enters service
- Carnival earns distinction as “Most Popular Cruise Line in the World,” carrying more passengers than any other.
- Carnival Cruise Lines undertakes its initial public offering on Wall Street, raising approximately $400 million to fuel future expansion; entity later becomes Carnival Corporation & plc, a multi-line worldwide cruise conglomerate.
- 1990 – The 70,367 GT Fantasy – the first and namesake vessel in the highly successful Fantasy-class—enters service as first new ship ever placed on three- and four-day Bahamas cruise program from Miami. Eventually, Carnival would construct eight Fantasy-class vessels, the most cruise ships in a single class.
- 1991 – Launch of 70,367 GT Ecstasy
- 1993 – Introduces its third 70,367 GT, Sensation & Carnival's first ship Mardi Gras leaves the fleet
- 1994 – Debut of 70,367 GT Fascination & Carnivale leaves the fleet. Supermarket Sweep also has a "Cruise to Paradise" week, which at the end of the week gave the winning team a 7-day Carnival cruise to the Mexican Riviera
- Parent company renamed Carnival Corporation to distinguish between it and its flagship brand, Carnival Cruise Lines. Company is later renamed Carnival Corp. & plc following the combination with P&O Princess Cruises, creating the world’s largest cruise vacation group.
- 1995 – 70,367 GT Imagination enters service
- 1996 – Launch of sixth Fantasy-class vessel, Inspiration & Festivale leaves the fleet
- 1996 - Launches the first passenger vessel to exceed 100,000 tons, the 101,353 GT Carnival Destiny, at the time the world’s largest cruise ship
- 1998 – Introduces seventh Fantasy-class vessel, Elation, the first new cruise ship deployed on the West Coast
- 1998 - The eighth and last in Fantasy-class series, Paradise, enters service. Paradise was the only non-smoking cruise ship in the world.
- A fire ignites in the main laundry shortly after 5 p.m. on July 20 aboard the Carnival Ecstasy en route to Key West.
- 1999 – Debut of the 102,000 GT Carnival Triumph, the first Triumph-class vessel.
- 1999 – A fire ignites in the engine room of Carnival Tropicale after departing Cozumel, Mexico.
- 2000 – A second Triumph-class vessel, the 102,000 GT Carnival Victory, is launched. Also, Supermarket Sweep begins the Carnival Cruise Week. The catchphrase was: "Next time you're an ocean liner and you hear their beep — [a foghorn sounds] — think of all the fun you can have on Supermarket Sweep!".
- 2001 – Introduces a new class of vessel with the launch of the 88,500 GT Carnival Spirit, the first new “Fun Ship” ever positioned in the Alaska and Hawaii markets. Carnival's first ever newly built Tropicale leaves the fleet
- 2002 – A second Spirit-class vessel, Carnival Pride, is launched
- Carnival’s third Spirit-class ship, Carnival Legend, enters service
- Debut of the 110,000 GT Carnival Conquest, the largest “Fun Ship” ever constructed at that time.
- 2003 – Second 110,000 GT Conquest-class ship, Carnival Glory, begins year-round seven-day cruises from Port Canaveral, Florida on July 19
- 2004 – Carnival Miracle, the fourth in the Spirit-class, begins a series of 12 voyages from Jacksonville, Florida – the first “Fun Ship” sailings from that port – February 27 & Jubilee leaves the fleet
- A third 110,000 GT Conquest-class ship, Carnival Valor, begins year-round seven-day service from Miami December 19, becoming the largest "Fun Ship" ever based at that port.
- 2005 – A fourth 110,000 GT Conquest-class vessel, Carnival Liberty, debuts July 20, operating the line's first-ever Mediterranean cruises.
- 2006 – On May 27, around 1:00am, Ramesh Krishnamurthy was presumed dead after he jumped off his balcony on Carnival Legend after an argument with his wife. He was believed to be under the influence.
- 2007 – Carnival Freedom, the fifth 110,000 GT vessel, debuts March 4
- On July 1, David Ritcheson jumps off the Carnival Ecstasy and dies
- 2008 – The 112,000 GT Carnival Splendor debuts July 2 & Celebration leaves the fleet
- 2009 – Carnival Dream, a 128,000 GT vessel, the largest "Fun Ship" ever constructed - entered service on September 21 and is the largest ship ever built by the ship builder Fincantieri. & Holiday leaves the fleet
- 2010 – A fire on Carnival Splendor at 6:30 a.m. PST on 8 November leaves the ship crippled.
- 2011 – Carnival Magic, a 128,000 GT vessel, entered service in May
- 2012 – Carnival Breeze, a 128,000 GT vessel, entered service in the summer
- Carnival Spirit moved to Sydney, Australia in October 2012, it became the first Fun Ship to sail Australian waters and also became the largest cruise ship in Australia year-round. Carnival Spirit is the first ship that is too tall to fit under the bridge to the cruise terminal so this ship docked at another cruise terminal near by.
- Carnival is adding many of its 2.0 features on some of the ships this year, including the Guy Burger Joint, Blue Iguana Canatiana Taco Bar, Red Frog Rum Bar, Blue Iguana Bar and some others.
- Carnival signs agreement with Fincantieri for a 135,000 GT vessel, to enter service in winter 2016. The vessel is later named the Carnival Vista.
- 2013 – An engine room fire on the Carnival Triumph on the morning of 10 February leaves the ship powerless.
- 2013 – Carnival Destiny becomes Carnival Sunshine.
- 2014 – The popular Carnival Pride receives Fun Ship 2.0 Upgrades.
- 2015 – Details for the Carnival Vista are announced in January.
Hurricane Katrina charters
Three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.
The company has reportedly been paying wages under $1.50 per hour to employees with low to nonexistent benefits such as holidays or minimal vacations. Monthly salaries of the high paid workers is around $1,300. The crew wages are supplemented by gratuities, and one former Carnival crew member cited that crew receive up to 95% of their income from tips. Employees report strenuous working conditions such as 14-hour shifts with no days off. As of October 2013, they are also revoking retirement benefits.
Accidents and incidents
See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.
On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. No crew or guests were injured during the two days Carnival Tropicale spent without propulsion. The ship was later sold and renamed Ocean Dream.
On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico. The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14. In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered which revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing takes the position that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."
On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, St. Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.
On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend 's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).
- Carnival Air Lines
- Costa Crociere (subsidiary)
- Carnival Cruise Lines Tycoon
- Fiesta Marina Cruises - Short lived subsidiary of Carnival
- Cruise Confidential
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- Carnival Cruise Lines - News Release
- $236 Million Cruise Ship Deal Criticized — Washington Post, September 28, 2005
- "P&O cruise ship staff paid basic salary of 75p an hour". The Guardian. September 29, 2012.
- "Q&A: Cruise Confidential Author on the Life of a Crewmember". Cruise Critic. December 22, 2009.
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- Carpenter, Jake; et al. (March 17, 2013). "Carnival Legend back in Florida after week of troubled cruise voyages". CNN.
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