Carnival Cruise Line
|Industry||Travel, Tourism & Hospitality (Cruise Industry)|
|Founded||1972, by Ted Arison|
|Headquarters||Doral, Florida, United States|
|Christine Duffy, President|
|Revenue||US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$2.3 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total assets||US$35 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total equity||US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)|
Number of employees
|3,900 - Shoreside
33,500 - Shipboard
|Parent||Carnival Corporation & plc|
Footnotes / references
Originally an independent company founded in 1972 by Ted Arison, the company is now one of nine cruise ship brands owned and operated by Carnival Corporation & plc. The company has the largest fleet in the group, with 25 vessels currently in operation that account for 21.1% of the worldwide market share. Executive control of the company is provided by the North American division of Carnival Corporation, headquartered in Doral, Florida.
Carnival was a pioneer in the concept of shorter, less expensive cruises. Its ships are known for their Las Vegas-style decor and entertainment. The line calls its ships "The Fun Ships", and there are a wide range of activities offered on board. Its trademark is the funnel, which is red, white and blue and shaped like a whale's tail. The mascot for Carnival is Fun Ship Freddy, a character in the shape of Carnival's distinctive funnel.
In 2001, Robert Dickinson, then CEO, participated in a BBC documentary, Back To The Floor. Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the Fun Ship MS Imagination on a Carnival cruise in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.
In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, the Pinnacle Project, calling for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship.
As of 2009, the latest and largest asset in the Carnival fleet was Carnival Dream, a new 128,000 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel. It entered service in June 2012 and is homeported in Miami. On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012; Carnival Breeze.
On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship will be built by Fincantieri and will be the largest ship they have ever built. It sailed its maiden voyage on May 1, 2016, nearly four years after Carnival Breeze entered service. The new ship is named Carnival Vista.
Hurricane Katrina charters
In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing until the houses can be rebuilt. After being chartered for six months, their planned voyages were cancelled, and passengers were refunded. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized, because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.
The company has reportedly been paying wages under $1.50 per hour to employees with low-to-nonexistent benefits, such as holidays or minimal vacations. Monthly salaries of the high paid workers is around $1,300. The crew wages are supplemented by gratuities, and one former Carnival crew member cited that crew receive up to 95% of their income from tips. Employees report strenuous working conditions such as 14-hour shifts with no days off. As of October 2013, they are also revoking retirement benefits.
Accidents and incidents
See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.
On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. No crew or guests were injured during the two days Carnival Tropicale spent without propulsion. The ship was later sold and renamed Ocean Dream.
On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico. The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14. In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered that revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing takes the position that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."
On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, Sint Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.
On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).
|Gross Tonnage||Home Port||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Carnival Vista||Vista||2016||2016–present||133,500 GT||Barcelona, Spain/Athens, Greece/Trieste, Italy (May–October 2016)
New York, New York (October–November 2016)
Miami, Florida (November 27, 2016 and on)
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Line.|
|Carnival Breeze||Dream||2012||2012–Present||128,000 GT||
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Vista|
|Carnival Magic||Dream||2011||2011–Present||128,000 GT||
Port Canaveral, Florida
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze|
|Carnival Dream||Dream||2009||2009–Present||128,000 GT||New Orleans, Louisiana||Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Magic|
|Carnival Splendor||Concordia||2008||2008–Present||113,323 GT||Miami, Florida ; Fort Lauderdale, Florida||Panama||Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor, but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships.|
|Carnival Freedom||Conquest||2007||2007–Present||110,320 GT||Galveston, Texas||Panama|
|Carnival Liberty||Conquest||2005||2005–Present||110,320 GT||
|Carnival Valor||Conquest||2004||2004–Present||110,239 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Glory||Conquest||2003||2003–Present||110,239 GT||Miami, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Conquest||Conquest||2002||2002–Present||110,239 GT||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Miracle||Spirit||2004||2004–Present||85,942 GT||Long Beach, California||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Legend||Spirit||2002||2002–Present||85,942 GT||Seattle, Washington Summer months
Sydney, Australia (Fall, Winter, Spring months)
|Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Pride||Spirit||2001||2002–Present||88,500 GT||Baltimore, Maryland ; Tampa, Florida||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival|
|Carnival Spirit||Spirit||2001||2001–Present||85,920 GT||Sydney, Australia||Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Victory||Triumph||2000||2000–Present||101,509 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida February 25, 2016 - October 30, 2016
Miami, Florida November 2016 -
|Carnival Triumph||Triumph||1999||1999–Present||101,509 GT||New Orleans, Louisiana||Bahamas||Modified Destiny-class.
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service. After Dry Dock she became the leader of the two member Triumph Class.
|Carnival Sunshine||Destiny||1996 (As Carnival Destiny)
2013 (As Carnival Sunshine)
|1996–Present||102,853 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida ; New York ; Charleston; Norfolk||Bahamas||Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. Carnival now identifies the Sunshine as the only member of Sunshine Class. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
|Carnival Paradise||Fantasy||1998||1998–Present||70,390 GT||Tampa, Florida||Panama||Originally, Paradise|
|Carnival Elation||Fantasy||1998||1998–Present||70,390 GT||Jacksonville, Florida||Panama||Originally, Elation|
|Carnival Inspiration||Fantasy||1996||1996–Present||70,367 GT||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Inspiration|
|Carnival Imagination||Fantasy||1995||1995–Present||70,367 GT||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Imagination|
|Carnival Fascination||Fantasy||1994||1994–Present||70,538 GT||San Juan, Puerto Rico
|Carnival Sensation||Fantasy||1993||1993–Present||70,538 GT||Miami, Florida||Bahamas||Originally, Sensation|
|Carnival Ecstasy||Fantasy||1991||1991–Present||70,526 GT||Charleston, South Carolina||Panama||originally, Ecstasy|
|Carnival Fantasy||Fantasy||1990||1990–present||70,367 GT||Miami, Florida February 17, 2016 - November 2016
Mobile, Alabama November 9, 2016 -
- Two more Destiny-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Fortuna and Costa Magica.
- Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory are Modified-Destiny-class cruise ship because they were built with two more decks than the rest of the Destiny-class ships.
- Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Atlantica and Costa Mediterranea.
- Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed. Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic' and Carnival Breeze were built with the Seaside Theater.
- Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed and built for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises had five sister ships to Carnival Splendor: Costa Concordia, Costa Serena, Costa Pacifica, Costa Favolosa and Costa Fascinosa, until the Costa Concordia was grounded and wrecked in January 2012. The inaugural voyage for Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England.
|Will sail for
|Gross Tonnage||Home Port||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Carnival Horizon||2018||2018||133,500 GT||TBA||Panama||Sister to the Carnival Vista.|
Carnival Corporation & plc announced on October 26, 2012, that Carnival had ordered a new ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship, built by Fincantieri, will be the largest vessel in the Carnival Cruise Line fleet. The ship has been named Carnival Vista, and it will be the first of a new class of cruise ships with a passenger capacity of 4,000 and a gross tonnage of 135,000. It is scheduled to be delivered in the spring of 2016. On July 29, 2016, Carnival announced that the second Vista Class Ship would be named Carnival Horizon. Carnival Horizon is scheduled to be delivered March of 2018.
|Mardi Gras||Empress||1961||1972–1993||27,284 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003.|
|Carnivale||Empress||1956||1975–1993||31,500 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008.|
|Festivale||Festivale||1962||1977–1996||32,697 GT||Panama||Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003.|
|Tropicale||Tropicale||1982||1982–2001||36,674 GT||Liberia||Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008.|
|Holiday||Holiday||1985||1985–2009||46,051 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2009, Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan.|
|Jubilee||Holiday||1986||1986–2004||47,262 GT||Liberia||In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia and the Henna in 2013. Sold for scrap in 2016.|
|Celebration||Holiday||1987||1987–2008||47,262 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, Now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line.|
Restaurants on board Carnival ships include Ji Ji Asian Kitchen, Carnival Steakhouses, Cucina Del Capitano, Mongolian Wok, Guy's Burger Joint, Pizza Stations, Tandoor Kitchen, Taste Bar, Chef's Kitchen, Dining Rooms, Red Frog Pub, BlueIguana Cantina, Carnival Deli, Java Blue, Shake Spot, Pig and Anchor,
- Carnival Air Lines
- Costa Crociere (subsidiary)
- Carnival Cruise Line Tycoon 2005: Island Hopping
- Fiesta Marina Cruises — short-lived subsidiary of Carnival
- Cruise Confidential
- Carnival Cruise Lines Fact Sheet. Carnival Cruise Lines. Retrieved 31 May 2010
- "2012 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2011-11-20.
- "Corporate Address." Carnival Cruise Line. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Map of the City of Doral." City of Doral. Retrieved on January 9, 2010
- "BBC - Adam Curtis - We're all in the same boat — aren't we?". 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Fincantieri signs a five ship, 2.6 billion dollar agreement with Carnival Group. Press Release. Fincantiei. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2010
- "Wärtsilä to power new cruise vessel of Carnival Corporation".
- "New 128,000-ton Cruise Ship Ordered for Carnival Corporation & plc's Carnival Cruise Line Unit". Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- "Carnival Cruise Lines' new 128,000-ton ship to be named Carnival Breeze". Cruise Industry News. May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "Carnival Cruise Lines and Holland America Line Order New Ships - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Sloan, Gene (July 20, 2013). "Next Carnival ship to be called Carnival Vista". USA Today. Retrieved Aug 4, 2013.
- $236 Million Cruise Ship Deal Criticized — The Washington Post, September 28, 2005
- "P&O cruise ship staff paid basic salary of 75p an hour". The Guardian. September 29, 2012.
- "Q&A: Cruise Confidential Author on the Life of a Crewmember". Cruise Critic. December 22, 2009.
- "Carnival Cruises Lines Terminates Crew Member Retirement Benefits". Cruise Law News. October 23, 2013.
- "Carnival Corporation's Superbowl [sic] Advert Kicks up a Storm With Creationists". Cruise.co.uk News. February 2, 2015.
- Danielson, Richard (February 23, 2000). "Cruise captain feared panic". St. Petersburg Times.
- "Rescue Under Way for Disabled Carnival Splendor". CBS News. November 10, 2010.
- Martin, Hugo (February 12, 2013). "Carnival Triumph cruise ship adrift; long lines for toilets, food". Los Angeles Times.
- "Feces, water reported on floor of disabled Carnival cruise ship in Gulf of Mexico". Fox News. February 12, 2013.
- Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (February 14, 2013). "Carnival Triumph, crippled cruise ship, finally reaches port". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Griffin, Drew; Bronstein, Scott (December 17, 2013). "Documents show Carnival knew of fire danger before ill-fated cruise". CNN.
- Lateef Mungin (15 March 2013). "Carnival nightmare: Another cruise ship reports trouble at sea". CNN. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Another problem cruise: Second Carnival ship in less than a week experiences trouble at sea". Fox News. March 15, 2013.
- Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (March 15, 2013). "Coast Guard Investigating Carnival Legend". Los Angeles Times.
- Carpenter, Jake; et al. (March 17, 2013). "Carnival Legend back in Florida after week of troubled cruise voyages". CNN.
- Mullen, Jethro (December 31, 2015), "Couple witnesses horrific cruise ship death", CNN (Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.), retrieved December 31, 2015
- "Carnival Breeze". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Carnival Magic". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Carnival Dream". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- Gene Sloan (2012-02-09). "Carnival Cruise Lines to expand capacity in New York - USA Today". Retrieved 2012-03-05.
- "Carnival Legend to be Based in Melbourne in Summer 2018". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- Kevin Rector (2014-01-30). "Carnival reverses plan to depart Baltimore port". Retrieved 2014-01-30.
- "Carnival Spirit to Offer Winter Season in Shanghai for Carnival's First China Cruises". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
- "New 135,000-ton 'Fun Ship' Set to Debut in 2016 to Be Named Carnival Vista". Carnival-News.com. July 20, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- Sloan, Gene (July 20, 2013). "Next Carnival ship to be called Carnival Vista". USA Today.com. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
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