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Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Bacillota
Class: Bacilli
Order: Lactobacillales
Family: Carnobacteriaceae
Genus: Carnobacterium
Collins et al. 1987[1]

Carnobacterium alterfunditum
Carnobacterium divergens
Carnobacterium funditium
Carnobacterium gallinarum
Carnobacterium iners
Carnobacterium inhibens
Carnobacterium jeotgali
Carnobacterium maltaromaticum
Carnobacterium mobile
Carnobacterium piscicola
Carnobacterium pleistocenium
Carnobacterium viridans

Carnobacterium is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria within the family Carnobacteriaceae. C. divergens and C. maltaromaticum are found in the wild and in food products and can grow anaerobically. These species are not known to be pathogenic in humans, but may cause disease in fish.[2]

A species of Carnobacterium, C. maltaromaticum strain CB1, has been evaluated under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, as a food additive for vacuum- or modified atmosphere-packaged ready-to-eat meat and fresh comminuted, processed meat. Based on the hazard and exposure considerations, the risk assessment conducted by Health Canada concluded that C. maltaromaticum strain CB1 is not considered to be toxic to the Canadian environment or human health as described in Section 64 of CEPA 1999.[3]

Carnobacterium sp. has also been found in the gut of stingless carrion-eating vulture bees, besides other acidophilic (acid-loving) Lactobacillus sp.[4]


  1. ^ "Genus: Carnobacterium".
  2. ^ Leisner, JJ; Laursen, BG; Prévost, H; Drider, D; Dalgaard, P (September 2007). "Carnobacterium: positive and negative effects in the environment and in foods". FEMS Microbiology Reviews. 31 (5): 592–613. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2007.00080.x. PMC 2040187. PMID 17696886.
  3. ^ "New substances: Risk assessment summary EAU-313". 18 February 2010.
  4. ^ Meat-Eating “Vulture Bees” Sport Acidic Guts and an Extra Tooth for Biting Flesh. On: SciTechDaily, November 25, 2021

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