|Full name||Carol-Eduard Novak|
28 July 1976 |
Miercurea Ciuc, Romania
|Current team||Tusnad Cycling Team|
|Discipline||Road and track|
|-||Tusnad Cycling Team|
Carol-Eduard Novak (Hungarian: Novák Károly Eduárd, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈnovaːk ˈkaːroj ˈɛduaːrd]; born 28 July 1976 in Miercurea Ciuc) is a Romanian road and track racing cyclist and Paralympic champion.
Initially a speed skater, Novak lost one of his feet in a car accident in 1996. Subsequently, he switched to cycling and emerged as a professional cyclist. He took part at his first Paralympics in 2004, followed by two more participations in 2008 and 2012. At the 2008 Paralympic Games Novak won the silver medal in the individual time trial, thus capturing Romania's first ever Paralympic medal. At the 2012 Games he reached further milestones by winning the gold medal in the 1 km track pursuit event – the first ever in the country's Paralympic history – and setting a new world record time en route to the final. Additionally, he collected a silver medal in the road time trial race.
Early life and car accident
Novak, who comes from the Hungarian minority of Romania, was born in Miercurea Ciuc. Located in the Harghita County, one of the coldest regions and the centre of winter sports in Romania, Novak initially began with speed skating, winning national titles in younger age categories and breaking a number of youth records. Still a junior, Novak won the Romanian National Championship, before in 1996, while traveling to an international event in Italy, he suffered a car accident, which resulted in his right leg being amputated below the ankle. The first operation performed in Luduș was unsuccessful due to postoperative infections and eventually he was transferred to Budapest, Hungary, where he was operated on once again. Two years later, after recovering from the injury, Novak began cycling on the amateur level.
For years, Novak, an alumnus of the Faculty of Law of the University of Bucharest, worked as a lawyer and trained after hours. He turned professional in 2001 and achieved his first major result in 2003 by winning the Paracyclist European Championship. He made it to the 2004 Summer Paralympics, where he finished fourth in both of his races. In the same year with a group of fellow cyclist he created a team, that later with the support of the a local mineral water producer Apemin Tusnad SA became the Tusnad Cycling Team, Romania's leading cycling team. With Róbert Ráduly, Mayor of Miercurea Ciuc, he was also the co-founder of Tour of Szeklerland, of which first edition took place in 2008.
2008 marked Novak's first Paralympic success as well; being the flagbearer of Romania, he won a silver medal in the road race at the Beijing Games, becoming the country's first ever Paralympic medalist. Novak also added two 4th places to his results tally. For his achievement, he was awarded the Order of Sports Merit by the President of Romania at the time, Traian Băsescu.
Four years later he traveled to the 2012 Summer Paralympics as Romania's main medal hope and was given the flagbearer duty once again. Novak competed in four events in London. Starting off in the London Velopark on 31 August, he placed seventh in the 1 km individual time trial. The next day Novak raced in the 4 km individual pursuit and made it to the final with a new world record time of 4:40.315. Novak met Jiří Ježek in the decisive heat, where although he had a slower time than in the qualification run (4:42.00), he beat his Czech opponent by more than three seconds (4:45.232) thus winning the first ever Paralympic gold medal for Romania.
Novak does not only to compete with other disabled riders but also races against professional able-bodied cyclists. In 2012 he won the Romanian National Road Race Championship, held two months prior to the Paralympics. Novak also participated in other national events. In the 24 km individual time trial he came second behind Ježek, his main opponent already during the track races. In the 80 km road race Novak finished eighth, being 16 seconds behind gold medalist Yegor Dementyev and 3 seconds away from a podium place.
- "Carol Eduard Novak Biography". Official website of the Paralympic Movement. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Paralimpia: erdélyi magyar sportoló viszi a román zászlót". Hungarian Press Agency (in Hungarian). Nemzeti Sport. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- Dobos, László (August 2011). "Jeges köröktől a Székely Kerékpáros Körversenyig" (in Hungarian). Székelyföld kulturális folyóirat. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Csíkszeredai aranyesélyek a ma kezdődő paralimpián" (in Hungarian). Krónika. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "About Tusnad Cycling Team". Tusnad Cycling Team Official Website. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Men's Ind.C4-5 1km Time Trial". Official London 2012 website. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Men's Ind. C4 Pursuit – Qualification". Official London 2012 website. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Men's Ind. C4 Pursuit – Finals". Official London 2012 website. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Székelyföldi siker a paralimpián – Novák Eduárd aranyérmes kerékpárban" (in Hungarian). Erdély.ma. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- Dobos, László (24 June 2012). "Novák Ede román bajnok" (in Hungarian). Székelyhon.ro. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Men's Individual C 4 Time Trial". Official London 2012 website. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Men's Individual C 4-5 Road Race". Official London 2012 website. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- Carol-Eduard Novak at Cycling Archives