Carol Bellamy

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Carol Bellamy
Executive Director of UNICEF
In office
May 1, 1995 – May 1, 2005
Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Kofi Annan
Preceded by Richard Jolly (Acting)
Succeeded by Ann Veneman
13th Director of the Peace Corps
In office
October 7, 1993 – May 1, 1995
President Bill Clinton
Preceded by Elaine Chao
Succeeded by Mark Gearan
President of the New York City Council
In office
January 1, 1978 – December 31, 1985
Preceded by Paul O'Dwyer
Succeeded by Andrew Stein
Member of the New York Senate
from the 25th district
In office
January 1, 1975 – December 31, 1977
Preceded by Paul P. E. Bookson
Succeeded by Martin Connor
Member of the New York Senate
from the 23rd district
In office
January 1, 1973 – December 31, 1974
Preceded by John J. Marchi
Succeeded by Vander L. Beatty
Personal details
Born (1942-01-14) January 14, 1942 (age 76)
Scotch Plains, New Jersey, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Education Gettysburg College (B.A.)
New York University School of Law (JD)

Carol Bellamy (born January 14, 1942) is the Chair of the Board of the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund (GCERF). Previously, she was Director of the Peace Corps, Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and President and CEO of World Learning. After three terms in the New York State Senate, she was the first woman to be elected as President of the New York City Council, a position she held until her unsuccessful bid for Mayor of New York in 1985; she was the second to last person to hold this position.

Early life and education[edit]

Bellamy was born and raised in Scotch Plains, New Jersey, where she graduated from Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School in 1959.[1][2] She attended Gettysburg College, where she was a member of Delta Gamma, and graduated in 1963. She earned her law degree from New York University School of Law in 1968. She was a Peace Corps volunteer in Guatemala from 1963 to 1965.

Business career[edit]

Bellamy was a managing director at the now defunct Bear Stearns from 1990 to 1993, a Principal at Morgan Stanley from 1986 to 1990, and an associate in the New York law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore from 1968 to 1971. In 1968, she was to be one of the subjects of Jean-Luc Godard's film One A.M. (later released as One P.M. by D. A. Pennebaker) where she described her philosophy of using business to accomplish social change. Her speech was then satirized by Rip Torn wearing a US Civil War uniform in front of a Brooklyn middle school class.

Political career[edit]

Bellamy was a member of the New York State Senate from 1973 to 1977, sitting in the 180th, 181st and 182nd New York State Legislatures. In November 1977, she was the first woman to be elected as President of the New York City Council, a position she held until her unsuccessful bid for Mayor of New York in 1985. Bellamy was a member of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Board and resigned from the board at the behest of Governor Mario Cuomo in 1985.[3] In 1982 she considered running for Governor of New York. In 1990 she was an unsuccessful candidate for New York State Comptroller. She served on the New York State Board of Regents, which oversees all state education activities and the state Department of Education, from 2005 to 2006.

From 1993 to 1995, Bellamy was the director of the Peace Corps. Appointed by President Bill Clinton, she was the first person to have been both a Peace Corps Volunteer and director.


As of 2014 Carol Bellamy is the Chair of the Governing Board of the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund which is the first global effort to support local, community-level initiatives aimed at strengthening resilience against violent extremist agendas, for example through job creation and empowering women and youth. As a public-private partnership operating in the fields of security and development, the fund works with governments, civil society, and the private sector in beneficiary countries to support national strategies to address the local drivers of violent extremism.


From 1995 to 2005, Bellamy completed ten years as Executive Director of UNICEF. She was appointed to that position in 1995 by Boutros Boutros-Ghali, then the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Bellamy was granted a second five-year term in 2000 by Boutros-Ghali's successor, Kofi Annan. UN policy states that agency heads may serve no more than two five-year terms.[citation needed]

Bellamy is credited with having left behind a fiscally sound organization with strong[citation needed] internal controls. She increased UNICEF's resources from roughly $800 million in 1994 to more than $1.8 billion in 2004.


Bellamy was appointed the President and CEO of the Brattleboro, Vermont-based World Learning and president of its School for International Training in 2005. World Learning is a global organization with operations in more than 75 countries that fosters global citizenship through experiential education and community-driven development programs. Organizations that fund World Learning include the Tides Foundation and Rockefeller Financial Services.[4]

On July 25, 2007, Bellamy was elected Chair of the board of directors of the Fair Labor Association (FLA). The FLA advocates for workers' interests by promoting international labor standards. "For eight years the FLA has been strengthening its capacity to work with companies, factories, civil society organizations and others to end sweatshop labor and protect workers' rights. It is now moving beyond its rigorous monitoring program to focus greater attention on identifying the root causes of these problems and to develop sustainable compliance programs," said Bellamy in accepting the position.[citation needed]


In April 2009, Bellamy was appointed as Chair of the International Baccalaureate (IB) Board of Governors.[5] Between 2010 and 2013, Carol Bellamy was the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Global Partnership for Education. Bellamy is a member of the Board of the American University of Beirut.


In 1981, she was selected to be one of the first Young Leaders of the French-American Foundation.[6]

Bellamy is a former Fellow of the Harvard Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and an honorary member of Pi Alpha Alpha. At its 1982 commencement ceremonies, Barnard College awarded Bellamy the college's highest honor, the Medal of Distinction.

Bellamy received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Bates College in 2003. She returned to her alma mater, the NYU School of Law, to deliver a commencement day speech in May 2006.

In Japan, she was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun in 2006.[7]


  1. ^ Klein, Joe. "The Woman Who Would Be Mayor", New York (magazine), March 8, 1982. Accessed August 10, 2011. "She grew up in a Protestant, Republican, working-class family in Scotch Plains, New Jersey. Her parents worked – her mother as a nurse, her father for the phone company."
  2. ^ Thompson, Clifford. "Carol Bellamy", Current Biography Yearbook, p. 53. H. W. Wilson Company, 1999. ISBN 0-8242-0988-5. Accessed August 10, 2011. "Bellamy acted in student productions of musicals at Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School, from which she graduated in 1959."
  3. ^ "THE CITY; Bellamy Leaving M.T.A. Board". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  4. ^ "STAR Network Funders". Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  5. ^ "Carol Bellamy". Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
  6. ^ "Young Leaders". French-American Foundation. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  7. ^ Nagashima-Hayashi, Michiko. "Former UNICEF Executive Director receives humanitarian award in Japan," UNICEF web site (2006)]

External links[edit]

New York State Senate
Preceded by
John J. Marchi
Member of the New York Senate
from the 25th district

Succeeded by
Vander L. Beatty
Preceded by
Paul P. E. Bookson
Member of the New York Senate
from the 25th district

Succeeded by
Martin Connor
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul O'Dwyer
President of the New York City Council
Succeeded by
Andrew Stein
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mary Codd
Liberal nominee for Mayor of New York City
Succeeded by
Rudy Giuliani
Preceded by
Herman Badillo
Democratic nominee for Comptroller of New York
Succeeded by
Carl McCall
Government offices
Preceded by
Elaine Chao
Director of the Peace Corps
Succeeded by
Mark Gearan
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Richard Jolly
Executive Director of UNICEF
Succeeded by
Ann Veneman
Positions in intergovernmental organisations
Preceded by
Chair of the Global Partnership for Education
Succeeded by
Julia Gillard