8 January 1920|
Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania
27 January 2006 (aged 86)|
|Burial place||Cozia Monastery|
Hélène Henriette Nagavitzine|
Mircea Grigore Carol Hohenzollern (born Mircea Grigore Carol Lambrino; 8 January 1920 – 27 January 2006), also known as Prince Mircea Grigore Carol al României (anglicised as: of Romania) according to his amended Romanian birth certificate or as Carol Lambrino (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkarol lambrino][needs stress]), was the elder son of King Carol II of Romania.
Carol Lambrino was born in Bucharest as son of Crown Prince Carol of Romania and his first wife, Zizi Lambrino. At the time of his birth he was registered with the name Mircea Grigore Carol Lambrino. His grandfather King Ferdinand forced the annulment of his parents' marriage in January 1919 in the Supreme Court of Romania and Carol was born outside the 300-day period allowed to permit legitimacy, on 8 August 1920. The legality of the annulment has been questioned.
After his birth, Carol and his mother were forced to leave Romania and settled in Paris. During his younger years and his reign, including during his personal dictatorship (1938–1940) when he held absolute power in Romania, King Carol II recognized his first-born Mircea Carol as a prince on several occasions. One of these situations was a letter published on the front page by the Romanian daily newspaper Epoca (17 January 1920). Signed by Crown Prince Carol, the document is a statement in which the future king recognized his paternity of Princess Ioana's baby. Furthermore, the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen has always recognised them as princes of Hohenzollern (or the German style family name Prinz von Hohenzollern) as it becomes clear in correspondence between the late Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and the deposed King Carol II.
After the death of his father, former King Carol II, in Portugal, 4 April 1953, Carol claimed the right to inherit some of his father's estate in accordance with Portuguese law. In order to do so, it was necessary to prove that he was his father's legitimate son.
On April 2, 1955, a Portuguese court ruled that Carol was the legitimate first-born son of King Carol II and allowed him to claim the surname Hohenzollern in place of Lambrino. On 6 March 1957, the Portuguese ruling was recognised in France by an Exequatur of the Tribunal of the Grande Instance of Paris. This allowed Carol rights of inheritance to his father's French properties. Carol's younger half-brother Michael appealed this ruling which was upheld by the Court of Cassation, 8 January 1963.
In October 1995 a Romanian court ruled that Carol was the legitimate son of King Carol II. His half-brother, Michael, appealed this ruling, but lost the case in an upper court of appeal in 1999. In March 2002, the Supreme Court of Romania ruled that there should be a retrial, and in July 2002 a lower court ruled again in Carol's favour. Michael again appealed, and in January 2003 he again lost the appeal. Michael again appealed in December 2003.
Marriages and children
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Carol was married three times:
- His first marriage was on 22 March 1948 in Paris to Hélène Henriette Nagavitzine, known as opera singer Léna Pastor (26 May 1925 – December 1998), with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1958:
- Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern (13 August 1948) he married Lia Georgia Triff in 1996. They have one son.
- His second marriage was to Jeanne Williams (15 November 1930 in Nashville, Tennessee – 5 June 1988 in Rutland, Vermont) on 20 December 1960 in Paris, with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1977:
- Ion George Nicholas Alexander Lambrino (born 1 September 1961)
- His third wife was Antonia Colville (29 May 1939 in Bracken, Church Crookham, Hampshire – 13 June 2007), the great granddaughter of Charles Colville, 1st Viscount Colville of Culross at Fulham Town Hall on 27 June 1984, without issue. Carol and his third wife settled in Parsons Green and led a quiet life.
- Carol's birth certificate Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine., The "Prince Paul of Romania" website Archived 2012-09-07 at Archive.is, 20 January 2008
- "General"[permanent dead link], Evenimentul Zilei
- "Romanian court recognizes Briton as Carol II's grandson". The Washington Times. 1995-10-31. pp. A14.
- "HRH Prince Carol of Romania", The Daily Telegraph, 10 February 2006
- Prince Paul of Romania, Genealogy page 3 Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- (in Romanian) "Epoca front page article - Letter of HRH Crown Prince Carol of Romania to his wife, Princess Ioana", Epoca daily newspaper, 17 January 1920 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- 'Bastard' Romanian prince goes legitimate
- Prince Paul of Romania, Genealogy page 8 Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "An Innocent Had Gone," Jurnalul National, 30 January 2006