Carol Rittner

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Carol Rittner
Born1943 (age 80–81)
Academic background
EducationImmaculata University
PhD, 1978, Pennsylvania State University
ThesisInstitutional purposes for staff development in higher education. (1978)
Academic work
InstitutionsStockton University
Notable worksThe Courage to Care

Carol Rittner (born 1943) is an American nun and Holocaust historian. She is a Distinguished Emerita Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies and Dr. Marsha Raticoff Grossman Professor of Holocaust Studies at Stockton University.

Early life[edit]

Rittner was born in 1943 and raised in Camp Hill, Pennsylvania, to a Catholic mother and Protestant father.[1] She graduated from Bishop McDevitt Catholic High School and College Misericordia (now, Misericordia University.[2] Rittner later earned her Doctor of Education from Pennsylvania State University.[3]


In 1984, Rittner organized an international conference on the theme "Faith in Humankind: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust" for the Holocaust Memorial Council.[4] A few years later, she produced a film titled The Courage to Care which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject).[5] The documentary focused on three Christians who rescued Jews during the Holocaust.[6] From 1986 until 1990, Rittner was the director of the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity before leaving to become president of Mercyworks.[7] Between 1994 and 1995, she was the Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Professors of Holocaust Studies at Stockton University.[8] After her visiting professorship ended, she was invited to stay as the Dr. Marsha Raticoff Grossman Professor in Holocaust Studies.[2]

In 2000, she co-edited "The Holocaust and the Christian World: Reflections on the Past, Challenges for the Future" which examined Christian identity after Auschwitz.[9][10] A few years later, she received the 2010 Sister Rose Thering Award from the New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education.[11]

Rittner was also a contributor to The Jewish Quarterly Review.[12] In 2013, she published Rape as a Weapon of War & Genocide through Paragon Publishing.[13] She also produced the film Sisters alongside director Robert Gardner which focused on the lives of five nuns.[14] Rittner retired from teaching in 2015.[2]


  1. ^ D'Arienzo, Camille (January 22, 2013). "Mercy sister shines light on Jewish-Christian relationship, lives of women religious". Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c D'Arienzo, Camille (July 19, 2016). "Mercy sister teaches about the Holocaust to prevent indifference". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  3. ^ "MASTER OF ARTS IN HOLOCAUST AND GENOCIDE STUDIES (MAHG)" (PDF). p. 115. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  4. ^ "NUN SLATED TO SPEAK AT HOLOCAUST SERVICE 'THE COURAGE TO CARE' IS THEME". April 9, 1994. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  5. ^ "PRODUCER OF HOLOCAUST FILM WILL SPEAK, LEAD WORKSHOP". News & Record. April 28, 1995. Retrieved February 10, 2020. She was executive producer of ``Courage To Care,' which in 1986 was nominated for an Academy Award in the Short Documentary category
  6. ^ Stark, Susan (February 18, 1986). "Nun picks outfit for Academy party". Defiance Crescent News. Ohio.Free access icon
  7. ^ "Different voices". Altoona Mirror. Pennsylvania. April 18, 1992.Free access icon
  8. ^ "Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Professors of Holocaust Studies 1990 - 2018". Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  9. ^ Jodock, Darrell (2001). "Review: The Holocaust and the Christian World: Reflections on the Past, Challenges for the Future". Church History. 70 (4): 802–804. doi:10.2307/3654572. JSTOR 3654572. S2CID 161937387. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  10. ^ Garber, Zev (Summer 2002). "The Holocaust and the Christian World: Reflections on the Past, Challenges for the Future (review)". Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies. Purdue University Press. 20 (4): 121–124. doi:10.1353/sho.2002.0062. S2CID 159568449. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  11. ^ "AWARDS CO-SPONSORED BY COMMISSION". Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  12. ^ "Contributors". Jewish Quarterly Review. University of Pennsylvania Press. 94 (2): 435. 2004. doi:10.1353/jqr.2004.0083. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  13. ^ Bourke, Joanna (February 2015). "Bourke on Rittner and Roth, 'Rape: Weapon of War and Genocide'". H-Histsex. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  14. ^ "'Sisters', a Film by Distinguished Professor and Nun Dr. Carol Rittner, to Appear on PBS". stockton.edu22. October 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2020.