Carol Ryrie Brink
|Carol Ryrie Brink|
|Born||Caroline Sybil Ryrie|
December 28, 1895
|Died||August 15, 1981 (aged 85)|
La Jolla, California
|Education||Bachelor of Arts|
|Genre||Children's and adult novels|
|Notable works||Caddie Woodlawn|
|Notable awards||Newbery Medal |
Carol Ryrie Brink (December 28, 1895 – August 15, 1981) was an American author of over thirty juvenile and adult books. Her novel Caddie Woodlawn won the 1936 Newbery Medal and a Lewis Carroll Shelf Award in 1958.
Born in Moscow, Idaho, Caroline Sybil Ryrie was the only child of Alexander and Henrietta (Watkins) Ryrie. Her father was an immigrant from Scotland and was the city's mayor (1895–97) and her mother was the daughter of a prominent physician, Dr. William W. Watkins, the first president of the state's medical association and a member of the board of regents of the new University of Idaho. Alex Ryrie, 35, died from tuberculosis in 1900 and Henrietta remarried, but following her father's murder in 1901,  her second marriage to Elisha Nathaniel Brown failed and she committed suicide in 1904 at the age of 29. Carol was then raised in Moscow by her widowed maternal grandmother, Caroline Woodhouse Watkins (1853–1940), the model for Caddie Woodlawn. The Watkins family moved to Idaho in 1887, three years before statehood, when Henrietta was twelve. Raised in Wisconsin, her grandmother's life and storytelling abilities inspired Carol's writing from an early age.
Brink started writing for her school newspapers and continued that in college; she graduated from the Portland Academy in Oregon and attended the University of Idaho in Moscow for three years (1914–17). She wrote for The Argonaut student newspaper and Gem of the Mountains yearbook and was a member of Gamma Phi Beta sorority. She transferred to the University of California in Berkeley for her senior year in 1917 and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1918. On June 12 of that year, she married Raymond W. Brink, a young mathematics professor she had met in Moscow nine years earlier. He had joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota a year prior  and the couple made their home in St. Paul for forty-two years. The Brinks raised a son (David) and a daughter (Nora), spent summers in the Wisconsin backwoods, and traveled for several years in Scotland and France.
Brink’s first novel, Anything Can Happen on the River, was published in 1934. Brink wrote fiction throughout her life, and added poetry and painting to her later accomplishments. After 55 years of marriage, her husband died in 1973, and she died eight years later of heart failure at age 85 in La Jolla, California.
Brink was awarded an honorary doctorate of letters from the University of Idaho in 1965. At the university is Brink Hall, a faculty office building which includes the English department. A classic ivy-covered brick structure, built in the 1930s to appear much older, it was originally the Willis Sweet dormitory and later the Faculty Office Complex East. Named for her shortly after her death, its companion west building was named for Archie Phinney. Across town in east Moscow is "Carol Ryrie Brink Nature Park," a stream restoration area alongside Paradise Creek on land owned by the school district. Dedicated during the centennial celebration of Brink's birth in 1995, its west entrance is at Mountain View Road and 7th Street. At the city's north end, the children's section at the refurbished Carnegie building of the Moscow Public Library contains the "Carol Ryrie Brink Reading Room." Opened in 1906, Brink had frequented that library as a youth.
- 1934 Anything Can Happen on the River
- 1935 Caddie Woodlawn
- 1936 Mademoiselle Misfortune
- 1937 Baby Island
- 1937 Goody O'Grumpity
- 1939 All Over Town
- 1939 Magical Melons (Note: Magical Melons is now published as "Caddie Woodlawn's Family.")
- 1941 Lad with a Whistle
- 1944 Buffalo Coat
- 1945 Narcissa Whitman
- 1945 Minty et Compagnie
- 1946 Lafayette
- 1947 Harps in the Wind
- 1951 Stopover
- 1952 Family Grandstand
- 1953 The Highly Trained Dogs of Professor Petit
- 1953 All I Desire
- 1955 The Headland
- 1956 Family Sabbatical
- 1959 The Pink Motel
- 1959 Strangers in the Forest
- 1961 The Twin Cities
- 1962 Chateau Saint Barnabe
- 1964 Snow in the River
- 1966 Andy Buckram's Tin Men
- 1968 Two Are Better Than One
- 1968 Winter Cottage
- 1972 The Bad Times of Irma Baumlein [Irma's Big Lie]
- 1974 Louly
- 1976 The Bellini Look
- 1977 Four Girls on a Homestead
- 1928 The Cupboard Was Bare
- 1945 Caddie Woodlawn
- "Henrietta Watkins Ryrie (1875–1904)". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Juniors". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. May 1917. p. 49.
- Newbery Medal Books: 1922–1955, eds. Bertha Mahony Miller, Elinor Whitney Field, Horn Book, 1955, LOC 55-13968, pp. 141–144.
- Creighton, Sean and Cunningham, Sheila, Literary Laurels: A Reader's Guide to Award-Winning Children's Books, Hillyard, 1996, pp. 25–34
- McCann, Sheila R. (November 4, 1989). "Belated praise: Moscow-born author Carol Ryrie Brink is getting some long-delayed recognition". (Moscow) Idahonian. p. 1B.
- "Idaho Medical Association holds its first organizational meeting". South Fork Companion. September 12, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "IMA's history: A legacy of leadership". Idaho Medical Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Alexander Ryrie (1865–1900)". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Dr. William W. Watkins (1846–1901)". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Murderer on the loose terrified Moscow in 1901". Idaho Statesman. July 4, 2006. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Did you hear the one about the shooting?". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. p. 7C.
- "Reference Series: Carol Ryrie Brink, 1895–1981" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. January 1996. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- "Caroline Woodhouse Watkins (1853–1940)". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Gamma Phi Beta". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. May 1916. p. 198.
- "Gamma Phi Beta". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. May 1917. p. 182.
- Laboe, Barbara (October 19, 1995). "Brink's son in Moscow for party". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. p. 1A.
- "Presidents: Raymond Woodard Brink, 1941–42". Mathematical Association of America. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- Ericka Streeby biography Archived August 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Department of English". University of Idaho. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- "Campus Buildings: B". University of Idaho Library. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- "Carol Ryrie Brink Nature Park". Palouse Clearwater Environmental Institute. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- Johnson, David (October 21, 1995). "Nature park dedicated at Moscow". Lewiston (ID) Morning Tribune. p. 7A.
- "Moscow Public Library". Latah County Library District. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012.