Landis in Topper Returns (1941)
Frances Lillian Mary Ridste|
January 1, 1919
Fairchild, Wisconsin, U.S.
July 5, 1948 (aged 29)|
Pacific Palisades, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Suicide by barbiturate overdose|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale|
|Education||San Bernardino High School|
Carole Landis (born Frances Lillian Mary Ridste; January 1, 1919 – July 5, 1948) was an American film and stage actress, who worked as a contract-player for Twentieth Century-Fox in the 1940s. Her breakthrough role was as the female lead in the 1940 film One Million B.C., with United Artists. Landis was known as "The Ping Girl" and "The Chest" because of her curvy figure.
Landis committed suicide on July 5, 1948, at the age of 29.
Carole Landis was born Frances Lillian Mary Ridste on January 1, 1919 in Fairchild, Wisconsin. She was the youngest of five children (two of whom died in childhood) born to Clara Ridste (née Stentek), a Polish farmer's daughter, and Norwegian-American Alfred Ridste, a "drifting railroad mechanic" who abandoned the family after Landis' birth. According to Landis' biographer E.J. Fleming, circumstantial evidence supports that Landis was likely the biological child of her mother's second husband, Charles Fenner. Fenner left Landis' mother in April 1921 and remarried a few months later.
In 1923, Landis' family moved to San Bernardino, California. Landis's mother worked menial jobs to support the family. At the age of 15, Landis dropped out of San Bernardino High School and set forth on a career path to show business. She started out as a hula dancer in a San Francisco nightclub, where she was described by her boss as a "nervous $35-a-week blonde doing a pathetic hula at her opening night at the old Royal Hawaiian on Bush [Street]...that'll never get anyplace in show business" and apparently who employed her only because he felt sorry for her; she later sang with a dance band. She bleached her hair blonde and changed her name to "Carole Landis" after her favorite actress, Carole Lombard. After saving $100 she moved to Hollywood.
Landis made her film debut as an extra in the 1937 film A Star Is Born; she also appeared in various horse operas. She posed for hundreds of cheesecake photographs. She continued appearing in bit parts until 1940 when Hal Roach cast her as a cave girl in One Million B.C.. The movie was a sensation and turned Landis into a star. A press agent nicknamed her "The Ping Girl" (because "she makes you purr").
Landis appeared in a string of successful films in the early 1940s, usually as the second female lead. In a time when the singing of many actresses was dubbed in, Landis's own voice was considered good enough and was used in her few musical roles. Landis landed a contract with Twentieth Century-Fox and began a sexual relationship with Darryl F. Zanuck. She had roles playing opposite fellow pin-up girl Betty Grable in Moon Over Miami and I Wake Up Screaming, both in 1941. When Landis ended her relationship with Zanuck, her career suffered and she was assigned roles in B-movies.
In 1942, she toured with comedian Martha Raye, dancer Mitzi Mayfair and actress Kay Francis with a USO troupe in England and North Africa. Two years later, she entertained soldiers in the South Pacific with Jack Benny. Landis traveled more than 100,000 miles during the war and spent more time visiting troops than any other actress. Landis became a popular pin-up with servicemen during World War II.
In 1945 she starred on Broadway in the musical A Lady Says Yes, with future novelist Jacqueline Susann in a small role. Susann is said to have based the character of Jennifer North in part on Landis in her best-selling novel, Valley of the Dolls.
Landis wrote several newspaper and magazine articles about her experiences during the war, including the 1944 book Four Jills in a Jeep, which was later made into a movie, costarring Kay Francis, Martha Raye, and Mitzi Mayfair. She also wrote the foreword to Victor Herman's cartoon book Winnie the WAC.
Landis was married four times and had no children (she was unable to conceive due to endometriosis). In January 1934, 15-year-old Landis married her first husband, 19-year-old Irving Wheeler. Her mother had the marriage annulled in February 1934. Landis convinced her father Alfred Ridste (who had left the family shortly after Landis was born and who, by coincidence, lived near the family in San Bernardino) to allow her to remarry Wheeler. He finally relented, and the two were remarried on August 25, 1934. After three weeks of marriage, Landis and Wheeler got into an argument and Landis walked out. Neither filed for divorce and Landis began pursuing an acting career. In 1938, Wheeler reappeared and filed a $250,000 alienation of affections lawsuit against director and choreographer Busby Berkeley. Despite the fact that Landis and Wheeler were married only in the legal sense, he claimed that Berkeley had enticed and otherwise persuaded Landis to transfer her affections. Landis maintained that she had not seen Wheeler in years and heard from him only the previous year when he claimed to want a divorce. Wheeler's lawsuit was later dismissed, and Landis and Wheeler were divorced in 1939. In June 1939, Berkeley proposed to Landis, but later broke it off. On July 4, 1940, she married yacht broker Willis Hunt, Jr. in Las Vegas. Landis left Hunt after two months of marriage. They were divorced in November 1940.
While touring Army camps in London in 1942, she met United States Army Air Forces Captain Thomas Wallace. They were married in January 1943 but separated in May 1945. They divorced in July 1945.
On December 8, 1945, Landis married Broadway producer W. Horace Schmidlapp. They separated in 1947 and Landis filed for divorce in May 1948 charging Schmidlapp with "extreme mental cruelty". During her separation from Schmidlapp, Landis entered into a romance with actor Rex Harrison, who was then married to actress Lilli Palmer. The affair became an open secret in Hollywood. After Landis' death however, Harrison downplayed their relationship and publicly claimed that she was merely a close friend of his and Palmer.
Landis was reportedly crushed when Harrison refused to divorce his wife for her; unable to cope any longer, she committed suicide in her Pacific Palisades home at 1465 Capri Drive by taking an overdose of Seconal. Harrison was the last person to see her alive, having had dinner with Landis the night before she committed suicide.
The next afternoon, Harrison and the maid discovered her on the bathroom floor. Harrison waited several hours before he called a doctor and the police. According to some sources, Landis left two suicide notes, one for her mother and the second for Harrison who instructed his lawyers to destroy it. During a coroner's inquest, Harrison denied knowing any motive for her suicide and told the coroner he did not know of the existence of a second suicide note. Landis' official web site, which is owned by her family, has questioned the events of Landis' death and the coroner's ruling of suicide. She is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California, in plot 814 of the "Everlasting Love" section. Among the celebrities at her funeral were Cesar Romero, Van Johnson, and Pat O'Brien. Harrison attended with his wife.
|1937||The King and the Chorus Girl||Chorine||Uncredited|
|1937||A Star Is Born||Girl in beret at Santa Anita bar||Uncredited|
|1937||A Day at the Races||Dance Extra|
|1937||Fly Away Baby||Blonde at airport|
|1937||The Emperor's Candlesticks||Bit part|
|1937||Broadway Melody of 1938||Dancer|
|1937||Over the Goal||Co-ed||Uncredited|
|1937||The Adventurous Blonde||Uncredited|
|1937||Hollywood Hotel||Hat check girl with coat|
|1938||The Invisible Menace||Woman waiting to go with her Johnnie|
|1938||Blondes at Work||Carol|
|1938||A Slight Case of Murder||Partygoer leaning on piano during song|
|1938||Love, Honor and Behave||Wheel watcher at party||Uncredited|
|1938||Over the Wall||Peggy, girl at beach||Uncredited|
|1938||Women Are Like That||Cocktail party guest||Uncredited|
|1938||The Adventures of Robin Hood||Guest at banquet||Uncredited|
|1938||Gold Diggers in Paris||Golddigger||Alternative title: The Gay Impostors|
|1938||Men Are Such Fools||June Cooper|
|1938||When You Were Born||Ship passenger||Uncredited|
|1938||Penrod's Double Trouble||Girl at fair||Uncredited|
|1938||Four's a Crowd||Myrtle, Lansford's 2nd Secretary|
|1938||Boy Meets Girl||Commissary cashier||Uncredited|
|1939||Three Texas Steers||Nancy Evans||Alternative title: Danger Rides the Range|
|1939||Daredevils of the Red Circle||Blanche Granville|
|1939||Cowboys from Texas||June Jones|
|1940||One Million B.C.||Loana|
|1940||Mystery Sea Raider||June McCarthy|
|1941||Road Show||Penguin Moore|
|1941||Topper Returns||Ann Carrington|
|1941||Moon Over Miami||Barbara Latimer, aka Miss Sears|
|1941||Dance Hall||Lily Brown|
|1941||I Wake Up Screaming||Vicky Lynn||Alternative title: Hot Spot|
|1941||Cadet Girl||Gene Baxter|
|1942||A Gentleman at Heart||Helen Mason|
|1942||My Gal Sal||Mae Collins|
|1942||It Happened in Flatbush||Kathryn Baker|
|1942||Orchestra Wives||Natalie Mercer|
|1942||Manila Calling||Edna Fraser|
|1943||The Powers Girl||Kay Evans|
|1943||Show Business at War||Herself|
|1944||Secret Command||Jill McGann|
|1944||Four Jills in a Jeep||Herself|
|1945||Having Wonderful Crime||Helene Justus|
|1946||Behind Green Lights||Janet Bradley|
|1946||A Scandal in Paris||Loretta de Richet||Alternative title: Thieves' Holiday|
|1946||It Shouldn't Happen to a Dog||Julia Andrews|
|1947||Out of the Blue||Mae Earthleigh|
|1948||Noose||Linda Medbury||Alternative title: The Silk Noose|
|1948||The Brass Monkey||Kay Sheldon||Alternative title: Lucky Mascot|
|1938||Warner Brothers Academy Theater||Special Agent|
- "Metonymy". Life. Time Inc. 18 (8): 115. February 19, 1945. ISSN 0024-3019.
- "Carole Landis, State Film Star, Takes Own Life". The Rhinelander Daily News. July 6, 1948. p. 1. Retrieved July 22, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Casually in Hollywood". Time. July 19, 1948. Retrieved 2009-12-19.
- Gans, Eric Lawrence. Carole Landis: A Most Beautiful Girl. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 205. ISBN 1-604-73013-7.
- Fleming, E.J. Fleming (2005). Carole Landis: A Tragic Life in Hollywood. McFarland. pp. 7–8. ISBN 0-786-48265-6.
- (Fleming, 2005 & p 8)
- (Fleming, 2005 & pp 10, 12)
- (Fleming, 2005 & pp 14)
- Caen, Herb (1950). Baghdad: 1951. Doubleday & Company, Inc. p. 40.
- (Fleming, 2005 & pp 11-12)
- Spivak, Jeffrey (2011). Buzz: The Life and Art of Busby Berkeley. University Press of Kentucky. p. 158. ISBN 0-813-12643-6.
- Donnelley, Paul (2003). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Music Sales Group. p. 399. ISBN 0-711-99512-5.
- "Carole Landis Marries Again". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida'. July 5, 1940. p. 9. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Now She's Legally Carole Landis". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida'. April 24, 1942. p. 1. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Divorce Granted to Carole Landis". The Milwaukee Journal. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. July 20, 1945. p. 19. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Divorce for Carole". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Daytona Beach, Florida. May 4, 1945. p. 10. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- (Donnelly 2003, p. 400)
- "Carole Landis Sues Fourth Husband For Divorce". Lewiston Evening Journal. Lewiston, Maine. March 23, 1948. p. 9. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- (Fleming, 2005 & pp 217, 218)
- Morgan, Michelle (2013). The Mammoth Book of Hollywood Scandals. Running Press. pp. 253–254. ISBN 0-762-44946-2.
- Parish, James Robert (2002). The Hollywood Book of Death: The Bizarre, Often Sordid, Passings of More Than 125 American Movie and TV Idols (3 ed.). Contemporary Books. p. 315. ISBN 0-8092-2227-2.
- Gans, Eric Lawrence (2008). "The Good Die Young (1948)". Carole Landis: A Most Beautiful Girl. University Press of Mississippi. pp. 197–199. ISBN 978-1-60473-013-5. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Petrucelli, Alan J. (2009). Morbid Curiosity: The Disturbing Demises of the Famous and Infamous. Penguin. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Mosby, Aline (July 6, 1948). "Carole Landis Mystery Death Clues Hunted". Oakland Tribune. p. 1.
- Gans, Eric Lawrence (2008). Carole Landis: A Most Beautiful Girl. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 190. ISBN 1-60473-013-7.
- Actor Rex Harrison answering questions from coroner Ira Nance at inquiry on Carol Landis' suicide Archived July 28, 2012, at Archive.is, a July 1948 Los Angeles Times photograph from the UCLA Charles E. Young Research Library website
- Powell, Tammy. "Was Carole Murdered?". carolelandisofficial. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Mosby, Aline (July 11, 1948). "Scores Attend Funeral of Carole Landis". Oakland Tribune. p. 1.
- Carole Landis from the Hollywood Walk of Fame website
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
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