Carolina Dog: Difference between revisions

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The caralina dog aka The rare kenzies agressives dingoes! they are very aggressive mostly during mating season. they are actracted to the larger dingos.
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<!-- Wikipedia:WikiProject Dog breeds/Templates for more info.-->
 
|name= Carolina Dog
 
| fossil range= Late [[Pleistocene]] to Recent
 
|image= P7130612.jpg
 
|altname= American Dingo <br> Dixie Dingo <br>North American Native Dog <br>Indian's Dog
 
|nickname= Ol' Yaller<br>Yaller Dog<br>Yellow Dog
 
|country= [[USA]]
 
|ukcgroup = Sighthounds & Pariahs
 
|ukcstd = http://mail.ukcdogs.com/UKCweb.nsf/80de88211ee3f2dc8525703f004ccb1e/4b9f6b3e2994ab988525704c00690e58?OpenDocument
 
|}} <!-- End Infobox -->
 
 
The '''Carolina Dog''', or '''American Dingo''', is a type of [[Pariah dog|wild dog]] discovered in the late 1970s.<ref>{{cite news |first=Scott |last=Weidensaul |title=Tracking America’s First Dogs |url= http://www.smithsonianmagazine.com/issues/1999/march/dogs.php |work=Smithsonian Magazine | publisher= |pages= |page= |date=1999-03-01 |accessdate=2006-10-11 | language=English }}</ref> They were located living in isolated stretches of [[Longleaf Pine|longleaf pine]]s and [[Taxodium|cypress]] [[swamp]]s in the [[Southeastern United States]].
 
 
==Discovery==
 
[[Image:Carolinadogpuppies20020401a.jpg|thumb|left|Carolina Dog puppies]]Dr. [[I. Lehr Brisbin Jr.]], a Senior Research [[ecology|Ecologist]] at the [[University of Georgia]]'s [[Savannah River Ecology Lab]], first came across a Carolina Dog while working at the [[Savannah River]] site. Horace, a stray white dog with brown markings, was wandering the site’s boundary when he caught Brisbin’s attention. Brisbin, who had seen many rural dogs chained to the back of porches and [[doghouse]]s, assumed this was just a normal stray. Many of these dogs roamed the woods and would turn up in humane traps, and Brisbin began to wonder how many more of these were in the wild. On a hunch, he went to the pound and was surprised by the resemblance the dog had to [[dingo]]es.<ref>{{cite news |first=Brian |last=Handwerk |title=Did Carolina Dogs Arrive With Ancient Americans? |url= http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/03/0311_030311_firstdog.html |work=National Geographic News | publisher= |pages= |page= |date=2003-03-11 |accessdate=2006-10-11 | language=English }}</ref>
 
 
==Evidence of ancient roots==
 
===Physical===
 
[[Image:DixieDingo 0019.jpg|thumb|left|Carolina Dog / American "Dixie" Dingo]]
 
Some ancient paintings and rock art of [[Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans]] depict dogs that have physical traits similar to those of Carolina Dogs. Carolina Dogs also have a ginger-colored coat that is found on other wild dogs, including Australian Dingoes and Korea’s native dog, the [[Korea Jindo Dog|Jindo]].<ref>{{cite web
 
| last = Mlot
 
| first = Christine
 
| title = Stalking the Ancient Dog
 
| publisher = NetPets
 
| url = http://www.netpets.org/dogs/newsroom/ancientdog.html
 
| accessdate = 2006-10-15 }}</ref> Experts have said that Carolina Dogs are seemingly indistinguishable from the Jindo{{Fact|date=February 2007}}. Also, [[fossil]]s of the dogs of Native Americans exhibit similar bone structures to Carolina Dogs. Brisbin found a resemblance between 2,000-year-old skulls and those of the Carolina Dogs, but concluded that there was too large a difference to prove any connection.<ref>{{cite news |first=Scott |last=Weidensaul |title=Tracking America’s First Dogs |url= http://www.smithsonianmagazine.com/issues/1999/march/dogs.php |work=Smithsonian Magazine | publisher= |pages= |page= |date=1999-03-01 |accessdate=2006-10-11 | language=English }}</ref> Along with this, DNA testing have pointed to a link{{Fact|date=February 2007}}.
 
 
===Behavior===
 
In the 1980s, most Carolina Dogs were removed to captivity for study.
 
 
Female dogs had three [[Estrous cycle|estrus cycles]] in quick succession, which settled into seasonal reproductive cycles when there was an abundance of puppies.<ref>{{cite news |first=Brian |last=Handwerk |title=Did Carolina Dogs Arrive With Ancient Americans? |url= http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/03/0311_030311_firstdog.html |work=National Geographic News | publisher= |pages= |page= |date=2003-03-11 |accessdate=2006-10-11 | language=English }}</ref> Brisbin noted that this was most likely to ensure quick breeding before diseases, like [[heartworm]], take their toll. Some pregnant dogs also dug [[dens]] in which to give birth. After they gave birth or while pregnant, the bitch would carefully push sand with her snout to cover her excrement. The dogs also dug “snout pits”, or hundreds of tiny holes in the dirt that perfectly fit their muzzles during this time. More bitches dug them than males.<ref>{{cite web |title = Primitive Dogs Of The Southeast |publisher = University of Georgia |date = 2001-04-13 |url = http://www.uga.edu/srel/dogs.html |accessdate = 2006-10-15 }}</ref>
 
 
The pack dynamic was unique. When hunting, Carolina Dogs used an effective pack formation. They used a [[whip]]-like motion when hunting [[snake]]s.
 
 
In the wild, Carolina dogs live in swampy, sparsely settled land instead of the highly populated areas stray dogs commonly occupied.
 
 
===DNA testing===
 
The preliminary [[Genetic fingerprinting|DNA testing]] may provide a link between primitive dogs and Carolina Dogs. Brisbin stated, “We grabbed them out of the woods based on what they look like, and if they were just dogs their DNA patterns should be well distributed throughout the canine family tree. But they aren't. They're all at the base of the tree, where you would find very primitive dogs.” This wasn’t conclusive, but it did spark interest into more extensive DNA testing.<ref>{{cite news |first=Brian |last=Handwerk |title=Did Carolina Dogs Arrive With Ancient Americans? |url= http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/03/0311_030311_firstdog.html |work=National Geographic News | publisher= |pages= |page= |date=2003-03-11 |accessdate=2006-10-11 | language=English }}</ref>
 
 
==Breed recognition==
 
[[Image:Carolinadog20020713a.jpg|thumb|right|Carolina Dog]]
 
 
Carolina Dogs can be registered with the [[American Rare Breed Association]]<ref>{{cite web | title = American Rare Breed Association | url = http://www.arba.org/CarolinaDogBS.htm | accessdate = 2006-10-15 }}</ref> and the [[United Kennel Club]].<ref>{{cite web | title = United Kennel Club | publisher = Arienne Associates
 
| date = 1996 | url = http://www.ukcdogs.com/RegBreedGroups.htm | accessdate = 2006-10-15 }}</ref> ARBA includes the breed in its "Spitz and Primitive Group", which includes primitives such as the [[dingo]] and [[Canaan Dog]]. The UKC has classified them as a [[pariah dog]], a class which includes other primitive breeds such as the [[Basenji]] of Africa and the [[Thai Ridgeback]].
 
 
The word '''''[[pariah]]''''' is derived from a Tamil word first used in English in 1613, to refer to the lowest level of the [[Caste system in India|traditional Indian caste system]]; in English, it is used to mean "a social outcast".<ref>{{cite web
 
|url= http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pariah
 
|title= pariah - definition of pariah
 
|accessmonthday= 04/26
 
|accessyear= 2008
 
|work= TheFreeDictionary
 
|publisher=
 
|pages=
 
|language=
 
|doi=
 
|archiveurl=
 
|archivedate=
 
|quote=
 
}}</ref> The Indian feral dog was considered an outcast as well. The term "pariah" when referring to feral or wild dogs of the Indian feral dog type is sometimes replaced with '''''[[primitive]]''''', in the sense of "relating to an earliest or original stage or state" or "being little evolved from an early ancestral type".<ref>{{cite web
 
|url= http://www.answers.com/topic/primitive
 
|title= primitive: Definition, Synonyms, More
 
|accessmonthday= 04/26
 
|accessyear= 2008
 
|author= The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition
 
|work= Dictionary
 
|publisher= Houghton Mifflin Company
 
|pages=
 
|language=
 
|doi=
 
|archiveurl=
 
|archivedate=
 
|quote= adj. Not derived from something else; primary or basic.
 
Of or relating to an earliest or original stage or state; primeval.
 
Being little evolved from an early ancestral type.
 
}}</ref> It is assumed that dogs placed in "pariah" or "primitive" groups are of an older type than other modern [[dog breeds]]. Future genetic testing may show the actual heredity of these breeds or types.
 
 
== See also ==
 
*[[Dingo]]
 
*[[Korean Jindo]]
 
*[[New Guinea Singing Dog]]
 
*[[Rare breed (dog)]]
 
 
==References==
 
<!--This article uses the Cite.php citation mechanism. If you would like more information on how to add footnotes to this article, please see http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cite/Cite.php -->
 
<references/>
 
 
[[Category:Canines| ]]
 
[[Category:Dog breeds| ]]
 
[[Category:Rare breeds| ]]
 
[[Category:Fauna of the United States]]
 
 
[[de:Carolina Dog]]
 
[[no:Carolinahund]]
 
[[fi:Carolinankoira]]
 

Revision as of 16:55, 27 August 2008

The caralina dog aka The rare kenzies agressives dingoes! they are very aggressive mostly during mating season. they are actracted to the larger dingos.