Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
|Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Tenure||5 March 1760 - 6 May 1787|
|Born||28 February 1743|
|Died||6 May 1787(aged 44)|
|Spouse||Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Issue||George Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Wilhelm Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Luise, Princess Reuss-Greiz
Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Karoline, Princess of Wied
Prince Karl Ludwig
Prince Karl Wilhelm
Amalie, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Henriette, Duchess Louis of Württemberg
|Father||William IV, Prince of Orange|
|Mother||Anne, Princess Royal|
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (Wilhelmine Carolina; 28 February 1743, Leeuwarden – 6 May 1787, Kirchheimbolanden) was the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal.
Princess Carolina was born in Leeuwarden. In 1747, it was declared that the position of Stadtholder could be inherited by females, thus making the young Princess Carolina the heiress presumptive to the position of Stadtholder. However, in 1748, a male heir, Willem, was born to her parents, thus displacing her and putting her second in line to the position.
Princess Carolina's father died in 1751, making her three-year-old brother Willem V of Orange. At that point, her mother was appointed Princess-Regent. However, in 1759, her mother died, and Willem V was still just ten years old. Then, Princess Carolina's paternal grandmother, Princess Marie-Luise, was made Princess-Regent. Princess Marie-Luise was regent until 1765, when she died. Willem V was now seventeen, but that was still not old enough to rule on his own. So, Princess Carolina was made regent. She ruled until 1766, when Willem V turned eighteen.
Marriage and children
On 5 March 1760 in The Hague, during the regency of her grandmother Princess Marie Luise, Princess Carolina married Karl Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg. They had fifteen children, seven of whom survived to adulthood:
- Georg Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 18 December 1760 - Honselaarsdijk, 27 May 1762).
- Wilhelm Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 12 December 1761 - Kirchheim, 16 April/26 April 1770).
- Augusta Carolina Maria of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 5 February 1764 - Weilburg, 25 January 1802), a nun in Quedlinburg and Herford.
- Wilhelmine Luise of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (The Hague, 28 September 1765 - Greiz, 10 October 1837), married in Kirchheim on 9 January 1786 Prince Reuss-Greiz (Greiz, 16 February 1747 - Greiz, 29 January 1817), and had issue (including Princes Heinrich XIX and Henirch XX of Reuss-Greiz).
- Stillborn daughter (22 October 1767).
- Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (25 October 1768, The Hague - 9 January 1816).
- Karoline Luise Friederike of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 14 February 1770 - Wiesbaden, 8 July 1828), married in Kirchheim on 4 September 1787 Karl Ludwig, Prince zu Wied (Dierdorf, 9 September 1763 - Dierdorf, 9 March 1824), without issue.
- Karl Ludwig of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 19 July 1772 - Kirchheim, 27 July 1772).
- Karl Wilhelm Friedrich of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 1 May 1775 - Weilburg, 11 May 1807), unmarried and without issue.
- Amalie Charlotte of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 7 August 1776 - Schaumburg, 19 February 1841), married firstly in Weilburg on 29 October 1793 Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym, and had issue, and married secondly in Schaumburg on 15 February 1813 Friedrich, Baron von Stein-Liebenstein zu Barchfeld (14 February 1777 - 4 December 1849), and had issue.
- Stillborn child (21 October 1778).
- Stillborn child (June? 1779).
- Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (22 April 1780 - 2 January 1857). Married Duke Louis of Württemberg, second son of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg.
- Karl of Nassau-Weilburg (November 1784 - shortly thereafter).
- Stillborn child (November 1785).
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (ed.) (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, 1st edition. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 240. ISBN 0-85011-023-8.
- Wilhelmina Carolina Prinzessin v.Nassau-Oranien in: ww-person.com [retrieved 14 July 2016].
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