Caroline A. Hall

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Caroline Arabella Hall (1838 – December 11, 1918) was an early associate of the seven founders of the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry.[1]


She was born in Boston in 1838 to Hepzibah and Nathanial Hall.

She played a key role in assuring that women would be on an equal footing with men from the first inception of the Grange movement. She felt that the family farm included the women, and then so should the organization that the family would join. Seeing through her rural teachings that the woman was usually isolated on the farm, the Grange would offer an opportunity for women to expand their talents. She became Oliver Hudson Kelley's assistant, and was also his niece. It was with her attention to detail and correspondence that Kelley's dream became a reality in organizing the Grange. The National Grange later dignified her contributions to the Order by recognizing her as an equal with the original seven founders.[1]

She eventually inherited a valuable farm from a brother, near Knapp, Wisconsin and lived there for many years. Failing health caused her to move to an apartment in Minneapolis. Here she was residing when she took an automobile trip on October 11, 1918. She was involved in an accident near French Lick, Indiana from which she never recovered, and her death occurred at the age of 80 on December 11, 1918.[1]

She was interred at Minneapolis in Lake Wood Cemetery. A friend said of her, “She just lived being sweet and lovely to everyone.”[1]


The original seven founders of the Grange were: Oliver Hudson Kelley, William Saunders, Francis M. McDowell, John Trimble, Aaron B. Grosh, John R. Thompson and William M. Ireland.


  1. ^ a b c d "Caroline Arabella Hall". Retrieved 2011-05-10. Caroline Arabella Hall should have been named among the Founders because of her great influence on the fundamental structure of the Order. It was she who insisted that, "Your organization will not succeed unless you give an equal place to women." Miss Hall was appointed to the position of Ceres of the National Grange by High Priest F.M. McDowell. ... 

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