Virgin Music Label & Artist Services

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Virgin Music Label & Artist Services
Parent companyUniversal Music Group
FounderVirgin Records
Distributor(s)Capitol Music Group (in the US)
Universal Music Group (international)
Hostess (Japan)
Country of originUnited States

Virgin Music Label & Artist Services is a music distributor of independent record labels, owned by Universal Music Group. Founded in 1983 by Virgin Records as a record importer, Caroline has become one of the U.S. music industry's largest third party distribution companies for the independent music sector.[1] In 1993, when EMI acquired Virgin Records, Caroline Distribution was separated and became part of EMI Music Distribution. The company is currently part of Capitol Music Group.[2]

The digital music and network company INgrooves (including the independent label distributor Fontana Distribution) was acquired by Universal in 2019, with Fontana being folded into Caroline.[3]

In February 2021, Caroline was renamed as Virgin Music Label & Artist Services.

Labels/artist partners[edit]


  1. ^ Barnes, Terry (September 11, 1999). "Caroline Distribution: Sweet 16 and Never Been Dissed". Billboard – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "Steve Barnett Named Chairman/CEO Of Capitol Music Group". Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
  3. ^ "Universal Music to Acquire Distributor Ingrooves in Move to Strengthen Commitment to Indie Labels". Billboard. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  4. ^ "A-Trak's Fool's Gold Records Signs Global Distribution Deal With Caroline". Billboard. July 21, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  5. ^ Mitchell, Gail. "Peabo Bryson Gets Ready to 'Stand for Love' on New Album Coming Aug. 3". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  6. ^ "Rapper Trippie Redd Inks With Capitol Music Group's Caroline-Distributed Strainge Entertainment". All Access. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "Caroline Strikes Distribution Deal With JustGold, Label Run by 20-Year-Old College Student". Variety. Retrieved March 10, 2019.

External links[edit]