Caroline Lockhart

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Caroline Lockhart, from a 1916 publication.

Caroline Cameron Lockhart (1871–1962) was an American journalist and author.[1][2][3]


Caroline Lockhart was born in Eagle Point, Illinois on February 24, 1871.[1][2][3] She grew up on a ranch in Kansas.[1][2] She attended Bethany College in Topeka, Kansas and the Moravian Seminary in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.[1][2]

A failed actress, she became a reporter for the Boston Post and later for the Philadelphia Bulletin.[1][2] She also started writing short stories.[1] In 1904, she moved to Cody, Wyoming to write a feature article about the Blackfoot Indians, and settled there.[1][2] She started writing novels and her second novel, The Lady Doc, was based on life in Cody.[1] In 1918-1919, she lived in Denver, Colorado and worked as a reporter for The Denver Post.[1][2][3] In 1919, her novel The Fighting Shepherdess, loosely based on the life of sheepherder Lucy Morrison Moore, was made into a movie starring Lenore J. Coffee, Anita Stewart and William Farnham.[1][3] So was her early novel, The Man from the Bitter Roots.[3] She also met with Douglas Fairbanks about adapting The Dude Wrangler.[3]

From 1920 to 1925, she owned the newspaper Park County Enterprise, and it was renamed the Cody Enterprise in 1921.[1][2] From 1920 to 1926, she served as President of the Cody Stampede Board.[1][2] In 1926, she bought a ranch in Dryhead, Montana, now part of the Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area where she lived until 1950.[1][2][4] She still spent her winters in Cody, where she eventually retired.[1][2] She died on July 25, 1962.[1] The Caroline Lockhart Ranch was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989 and its structures were restored by the National Park Service.[5][6]



  • Me-Smith (1911)
  • The Lady Doc (1912)
  • The Full of the Moon (1914)
  • The Man From Bitter Roots (1915)
  • The Fighting Shepherdess (1919)
  • Dude Wrangler (1921)
  • The Old West and the New (1933)

Secondary sources[edit]

  • Hicks, Lucille Patrick. Caroline Lockhart: Liberated Lady (Pioneer Printing, 1984)
  • Yates, Norris. Caroline Lockhart (Boise State University Western Writers Series, 1994)
  • Furman, Necah Stewart. Caroline Lockhart: Her Life and Legacy (University of Washington Press, 1994)
  • Nicholas, Liza. Becoming Western: Stories of Culture And Identity in the Cowboy State (University of Nebraska Press, 2006)
  • Clayton, John. The Cowboy Girl: The Life of Caroline Lockhart (University of Nebraska Press, 2007)


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o University of Wyoming American Heritage Center biography Archived August 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k U.S. National Park Service biography
  3. ^ a b c d e f John Clayton, 'The Old West’s Female Champion: Caroline Lockhart and Wyoming’s Cowboy Heritage', Wyoming State Historical Society [1]
  4. ^ National Park Service, Lockart Ranch
  5. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ "Caroline Lockhart Ranch". Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area. National Park Service. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 

External links[edit]