Caroline Mytinger (March 6, 1897 – November 3, 1980), was an American portrait painter born in Sacramento, California, and raised in Cleveland, Ohio. She is best known for her paintings of indigenous people in the South Seas during the late 1920s. These paintings are in the custody of the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology on UC Berkeley's campus in Berkeley, CA.
In 1926 she traveled to the Solomon Islands and Papua-New Guinea, with her childhood friend Margaret Warner and produced paintings  and two books. They both returned to the United States in 1930. The two books about their experiences were published in the 1940s. In 1943 Mytinger bought a one-bedroom studio and became a permanent resident of Monterey, California an art colony on California's Pacific coastline.
- Head-hunting in the Solomon Islands, Caroline Mytinger, Macmillan Publishers, 1942
- New Guinea Headhunt, Caroline Mytinger, Macmillan Publishers, 1946
- The South Pacific Portraiture of Caroline Mytinger (images) Archived June 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., Phoebe A Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Retrieved August 28, 2009
- http://www.headhuntrevisited.org/inspiration.shtml Retrieved August 28, 2009 Archived April 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "A Gibson Girl in New Guinea", Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved August 28, 2009
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