Caroline Wilkinson

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Professor Caroline M. Wilkinson is a British anthropologist based at Liverpool John Moores University.[1] She is best known for her work in forensic facial reconstruction and has been a contributor to many television programmes on the subject as well as the creator of a reconstructed head of King Richard III of England.[2]

Wilkinson holds a PhD in facial anthropology from the University of Manchester (2000) and first became known to television audiences as a result of her regular appearances on the BBC series Meet the Ancestors.[3] She is author of several works on the subject of facial reconstruction.

In December 2014, Professor Wilkinson created a facial reconstruction of St Nicholas, working from anatomical knowledge, tissue depth data, and the latest reconstruction technology.[4] From his skeletal remains, it was known that his broken nose had "healed asymmetrically, giving him a characteristic nose and rugged facial appearance".[5]


  • "Juvenile forensic facial reconstruction – a detailed accuracy study" (with Whittaker, DK). Proceedings of the 10th Meeting of the International Association of Craniofacial Identification, Bari, Italy; 98-110 (2002)
  • "Measurement of eyeball protrusion and its application in facial reconstruction." (with Mautner, SA.) J For Sci 48 (1) 12-16 (2003)
  • "The reconstruction of faces showing healed wounds."(with Neave, RAH) J Archaeological Science 30; 1343-1348 (2003)
  • "The relationship between the soft tissues and the skeletal detail of the mouth." (with Motwani, M and Chiang, E.) J For Sci. 48 (4) 1-5 (2003)
  • "In vivo facial tissue depth measurements for White British children". J. Forensic Sci 47 (3): 459-465
  • Forensic Facial Reconstruction (Cambridge University Press, 2008) ISBN 0-521-09012-1
  • "Craniofacial Identification" (Cambridge University Press, 2012) Co-editor. ISBN 978-0-521-76862-7