|Native to||Guam, Northern Mariana Islands|
|Region||Saipan, Anatahan, and Agrihan islands, Carolines.|
Official language in
|Northern Mariana Islands|
Spoken mostly by the Carolinian people, Carolinian is the most closely related dialect to Satawalese, Woleaian, and Puluwatese languages.:ix Carolinian has 95% lexical similarity with Satawalese, 88% with Woleaian and Puluwatese; 81% with Mortlockese; 78% with Chuukese, 74% with Ulithian.
- A 1990 census estimated the number of speakers at about 3,000, 5,700 (as of 2008).
- Carolinian is known as Refaluwasch by native speakers.
- It has 31 characters in its alphabet.
- Carolinian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Carolinian". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Ellis, S. James (December 2012). "Saipan Carolinian, One Chuukic Language Blended From Many" (PDF).
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