Carl Linnaeus the Younger

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Carl Linnaeus the Younger
Carolus Linnaeus the Younger
Carl von Linné d. y.
Forslund, Linnaeus filius.jpg
Portrait by Jonas Forsslund
Born(1741-01-20)20 January 1741
Falun in Dalarna, Sweden
Died1 November 1783(1783-11-01) (aged 42)
Uppsala, Sweden

Carl Linnaeus the Younger, Carolus Linnaeus the Younger or Carl von Linné d. y. (20 January 1741 – 1 November 1783) was a Swedish naturalist. He is known as Linnaeus filius (Latin for Linnaeus the son; abbrevied to L.f. as a botanical authority) to distinguish him from his famous father, the systematist Carl Linnaeus (1707–78). [1]


He was enrolled at the University of Uppsala at the age of nine and was taught science by his father's students, including Pehr Löfling, Daniel Solander and Johan Peter Falk. In 1763, aged just 22, he succeeded his father as the head of Practical Medicine at Uppsala. His promotion to professor—without taking exams or defending a thesis—caused resentment among his colleagues.[2]

Linnaeus' work was modest in comparison to that of his father. His best-known work is the Supplementum Plantarum systematis vegetabilium of 1781, which contains botanical descriptions by the elder Linnaeus and his colleagues, edited and with additions by the son.[1][2]

He took a two-year trip to England, France, the Netherlands and Denmark between 1781 and 1783. In London he became ill with jaundice and, shortly after his return, he suffered from fever and a stroke from which he died aged 42.[1]

He had inherited his father's extensive scientific collections of books, specimens, and correspondence and had worked to preserve them. In October 1784 his mother, Sara Elisabeth (1716–1806), sold the library and herbarium to the English botanist Sir James Edward Smith (1759–1828). After his death his widow, Pleasance Smith (1773–1877), sold the collection to the Linnean Society of London.[3] [4] [5]

Together with his parents, Carl Linnaeus the Younger was buried in the family grave of Uppsala Cathedral. [6]


  1. ^ a b c "Karl von Linné d. y." Nordisk familjebok. 1912. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Carl Linnaeus fil". Swedish Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Linnés familjeliv". Uppsala University. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Carl Linnaeus the Younger in London". The Linnean Society of London. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Protecting Linnaeus: Sir James Edward Smith (1759–1828) as Linnean critic and defender". Chicago Botanic Garden. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Carl von Linnés grav". Uppsala Cathedral. Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  7. ^ IPNI.  L.f.

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