Carolyn Garcia

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Carolyn Elizabeth Garcia
Born (1946-05-06) May 6, 1946 (age 70)
Poughkeepsie, New York, U.S.
Other names Mountain Girl, Carolyn Adams
Occupation Merry Pranksters icon

Carolyn Elizabeth Garcia (née Adams; born May 6, 1946), also known as Mountain Girl, is a former Merry Prankster and a former wife of Jerry Garcia.

Carolyn Adams was born and raised in Poughkeepsie, New York.[1] She attended Franklin Delano Roosevelt High School in Hyde Park[2] but traveled to Palo Alto, California in 1963 with her older brother Don shortly after she was expelled from high school. In early 1964, she met Neal Cassady, who introduced her to Ken Kesey and his friends, one of whom gave her the name "Mountain Girl". Journalist Tom Wolfe described his first impression of a teenage Adams as “a tallgirl, big and beautiful with dark brown hair falling down to her shoulders except that the lower two-thirds of her falling hair looks like a paint brush dipped in cadmium yellow from where she died it blond in Mexico. She pivots and shows the circle of stars on the back of her coveralls” which one of her hippie companions described as “wild.”

Cassady took her to La Honda, California, Kesey's base of operations, where she quickly joined the inner circle of Pranksters and became romantically involved with Kesey, having a daughter by him named Sunshine.[3] The Grateful Dead song "Here Comes Sunshine" may or may not be an allusion to Adams's and Kesey's daughter – the Dead were fond of lyrics having double, often personal meanings. When Kesey was a fugitive, Carolyn had a relationship with another Prankster named George Walker, who would become her husband in 1966. The marriage to Walker did not last long, and they separated in December 1966 and were divorced in 1978. She took up with Jerry Garcia after splitting with Walker, but they did not marry for many years after.

Before Carolyn married Jerry Garcia in 1981, they had two daughters.[1] The family had a house in San Rafael, California as well as a beach house in Stinson Beach, California, but separated after Garcia began a relationship with Deborah Koons. Jerry and Carolyn Garcia divorced in 1994,[1] but remained friends until his death. After the divorce, he married Deborah Koons. He died 18 months later.

After Jerry Garcia's death, Carolyn Garcia was involved in litigation to obtain payments as per their divorce settlement agreement, ultimately agreeing to a $1,250,000 settlement to avoid further legal costs.[4][5]

Carolyn Garcia wrote a book on marijuana cultivation, called Primo Plant: Growing Sinsemilla Marijuana, first published in 1976 by Bookpeople.[6] She currently sits on the boards of the Rex Foundation and the Furthur Foundation, and is on the advisory board of the Marijuana Policy Project.[7][8] She formerly served on the board of the Women's Visionary Council.[9] Garcia lives near her daughter Annabelle and the Kesey family farm in Pleasant Hill, Oregon.


  1. ^ a b c Robins, Cynthia. "She Never Got Off the Bus: The hard life and high times of Carolyn Garcia".
  2. ^ Mountain Girl: Her tale begins in Hyde Park Archived November 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Poughkeepsie Journal; accessed August 8, 2009.
  3. ^ Wolfe, Tom. (1968). The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  4. ^ Doyle, Jim. (October 15, 1998). "Garcia's Ex-Wife To Get $1.25 Million: "Mountain Girl" had sued star's estate". San Francisco Chronicle. p. A21.
  5. ^ Ingram, Erik. (December 12, 1996). "Grateful Dead star's death leads to battle where it's… GARCIA VS. GARCIA". San Francisco Chronicle. p. A23
  6. ^ Mountain Girl (1998). Primo Plant: Growing Marijuana Outdoors. Quick American Archives. ISBN 0-932551-27-0.
  7. ^ Rex Foundation Board and Staff page, accessed December 14, 2010.
  8. ^ Furthur Foundation web site, accessed December 14, 2010.
  9. ^ Women's Visionary Congress speaker biographies Archived November 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., accessed December 14, 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jackson, Blair (1999). Garcia: An American Life. New York, Viking. ISBN 0-670-88660-2. A biography of Jerry Garcia, which also has information about Carolyn Garcia.
  • Wolfe, Tom (1968). The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0-553-38064-4. Describes the early years of Garcia's relationship with Kesey and adventures with the Merry Pranksters.