|All-American Girls Professional Baseball League|
September 28, 1925|
|Died: February 20, 1996
|Career highlights and awards|
Carolyn E. Morris (September 28, 1925 – February 20, 1996) was a female pitcher who played from 1944 through 1946 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m), 157 lb., Morris batted and threw right-handed. She was knicknamed India by her teammates and close friends.
A hard-throwing, underhand pitcher, Carolyn Morris had a brief but relevant career in the AAGPBL. She hurled a perfect game, three no-hitters, twelve innings of no-hit ball in a final championship series, and averaged 26 wins in each of her three seasons in the circuit. In addition, she was a member of a champion team and earned an All-Star berth.
In its twelve years of history the AAGPBL evolved through many stages. These differences varied from the first season, progressively extending the length of the base paths and pitching distance and decreasing the size of the ball until the final year of play. From 1943 through 1946, the circuit used a fastpitch underhand motion, shifted to sidearm in 1947, and never really became baseball until overhand pitching began in 1948, decreasing gradually the size of the ball from 12 inches in circumference in the inaugural season to 9 1⁄4 inches (regulation baseball size) in the final season in 1954.
A native of Phoenix, Arizona, Morris was a smiling attractive brunette who pursued a modeling career before turning all of her attention to baseball. She started pitching fastball in grammar school, and stayed in school competition right up to and through high school. After that, she hurled in the Phoenix area in male teams. In addition, Morris was an accomplished musician and devoted to classical music. She entered the AAGPBL after graduating from school in 1944 and was allocated to the Rockford Peaches.
In 1944 Morris joined a Rockford team managed by Nap Kloza. The Peaches finished fourth in the first half of the year (28-32), but improved to third the second half (26-31) after collect the fourth overall record (53-65) out of six teams. Morris gave a great contribution to the team, hurling two no-hitters and finishing with a 23–18 record for a .561 winning percentage in 44 pitching appearances. She struggled with her control, walking 133 batters while striking out 112. for a 0.84 strikeout-to-walk ratio.
Proving her rookie season was not a fluke, Morris excelled in 1945. Overall, she had a solid season, going 28–12 (.700) and improved her K/BB to a solid 2.16 (119-to-55). In addition, during the midseason she pitched a perfect game against the Fort Wayne Daisies. The Rockford team, now with Bill Allington at the helm, clinched the first place with a 67–43 record. In the first round of the playoffs, the Peaches dispossed of the Grand Rapids Chicks, three to two games, with Morris winning 1–0 and 2–0 shutouts decisions against stellar Connie Wisniewski and the Chicks. Then, in the final series Rockford beat the Daisies in five games, with Morris winning three of the four victories for her team.
But Morris was even better in her final season. In 1946, she posted a 29–13 record (.690 W%) with a 1.42 earned run average in 49 games, striking out 240 batters while walking only 98 (2.45 K/BB). Her numbers included a third no-hitter and career-highs in wins, strikeouts and ERA. Rockford finished in fourth place (60-52), advanced to the playoffs, and defeated the Grand Rapids Chicks in the first round, three to two games. In the final series against the Racine Belles, Morris pitched a no-hitter for nine innings in Game 6 and was not removed until the bottom of the twelfth inning. Belles pitcher Joanne Winter allowed thirteen hits, but Racine could not put them together to produce a run. The scoreless game went into the bottom of fourteen, until Sophie Kurys of the Belles got a hit off reliever Mildred Deegan, stole second base, and, in the midst of stealing third, saw her teammate Betty Trezza hit the ball to right field. Kurys slid home to score the winning run and the Belles won the championship title. At the end of the season, Morris was selected for the All-Star Team.
Following her baseball career, Morris worked as a real estate broker and, relatedly, a notary public. She also became part of the AAGPBL permanent display at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at Cooperstown, New York, opened in 1988, which is dedicated to the entire league rather than any individual player. She died in Mesa, Arizona at the age of 70.
AAGPBL perfect games
|Annabelle Lee||1944||Minneapolis Millerettes||Kenosha Comets|
|Carolyn Morris||1945||Rockford Peaches||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Doris Sams||1947||Muskegon Lassies||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Jean Faut||1951||South Bend Blue Sox||Rockford Peaches|
|Jean Faut||1953||South Bend Blue Sox||Kalamazoo Lassies|
- "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League – Player page". Archived from the original on 2011-06-15.
- "Baseball Reference Bullpen – Brief biography".
- "AAGPBL Record". Archived from the original on 2009-09-07.
- AAGPBL – Rules of Play Archived September 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- The Pollyanna Society – Brief biography of Carolyn Morris
- 1944 Rockford Peaches
- Encyclopedia of Women and Baseball – Leslie A. Heaphy, Mel Anthony May. Publisher: McFarland & Company, 2006. Format: Paperback, 438pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-7864-2100-8
- 1946 AAGPBL Championship Series Archived September 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sophie Kurys: Playing Hardball in the All-American League – Article by Jim Sargent Archived September 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- 1946 AAGPBL All-Star Team
- AAGPBL History Archived August 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Record Book – W. C. Madden. Publisher: McFarland & Company, 2000. Format: Paperback, 294pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-7864-3747-4