|Carolyn Joan Clark Pollan|
|Arkansas State Representative from Sebastian County|
|Preceded by||Three at-large members|
|Succeeded by||Jo Carson|
July 12, 1937 |
Houston, Harris County
|Spouse(s)||George Angelo Pollan|
Cee Cee Hollimon
|Alma mater||Walden University|
Carolyn Joan Clark Pollan (born July 12, 1937) is an American politician who served as the Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for a portion of Sebastian County(which includes the state's second largest city of Fort Smith) for twelve consecutive two-year terms from 1975 to 1999. Pollan is the longest serving (1) Republican and (2) woman member of the Arkansas legislature in history and (3) the first woman Arkansas legislator to have been named House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore. Because of since-enacted term limits, no one can top Pollan's records of longevity.
Pollan was born in Houston, Texas, to Rex Clark (1912–1980) and Faith Basye (1911–2002). Her father worked in the oil fields about Houston and later Refugio (pronounced RE FURY OH) in south Texas. The family moved to Springdale in Washington County in northwestern Arkansas, and Mr. Clark made his living in the poultry business.
Pollan graduated from Springdale High School in 1955. She then procured her bachelor's degree from the private Christian John Brown University in Siloam Springs in Benton County. She graduated from JBU in 1959 and was a member of the university trustees for over 25 years, having previously served as vice chairman. In 1993, Pollan was awarded her Ph.D. in education from North Central accredited Walden University in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Pollan's political involvement began as a volunteer in the gubernatorial campaigns of reform Republican Winthrop Rockefeller. In 1970, she ran Rockefeller's unsuccessful reelection campaign in Fort Smith against the Democrat Dale L. Bumpers. In 1972, she supported the unsuccessful challenge to Bumpers waged by Rockefeller's preferred candidate, Len E. Blaylock, whom she describes as "a prince of a man."
Pollan was elected in 1974 from a multi-seat legislative district that encompassed Sebastian County. The district was eventually divided into single-member seats. She is particularly remembered, through her chairmanship of the House Children and Youth Committee, as the author of the law which empowers the Arkansas state police to investigate allegations of child abuse. During her time in the Arkansas House of Representatives, she sponsored or co-sponsored over 250 pieces of legislation that became law.
From 1980 to 1983, Pollan was legislative counsel and an informal advisor to Republican Governor Frank D. White. After White's election, Pollan and incoming gubernatorial chief of staff Preston Bynum of Siloam Springs, a former Arkansas House minority leader, prepared the 1981 budget—keeping the 1980 level of spending minus 5 percent. Pollan recalls a "stunned silence" over the state capital in Little Rock when White upset Governor Bill Clinton in 1980, a sense of disbelief among state employees and elected officials. Clinton returned to victory in 1982.
After White's defeat in 1982, Pollan nominated University of Arkansas at Little Rock law professor Morris S. Arnold to become the new Republican Party state chairman to replace Bob Cohee of Baxter County. Pollan said that she hoped Arnold could bridge the gap in the Arkansas party between the former Rockefeller partisans, such as herself, and the burgeoing Reagan backers. Arnold, however, did not complete his term as a part-time chairman and was replaced by the first vice-chairman, Robert "Bob" Leslie, a former candidate for Arkansas's 1st congressional district seat.
In her early legislative years, Pollan was frequently one of only a half dozen Republicans among the one hundred House members. Her early GOP colleagues, all originally from the northwestern part of the state, included Bynum, Jim L. Smithson of Marshall, the seat of Searcy County, C. W. Melson of Ozone, Jerry D. King of Greenwood in Sebastian County, and Richard L. Barclay of Rogers in Benton County. In the early 1980s, she was a colleague of Republican Judy Petty from a Little Rock-based district. Petty waged two publicized congressional campaigns in 1974 and 1984 against Wilbur Daigh Mills and Tommy F. Robinson, respectively. Pollan won her last election in 1996 without Democratic opposition.
Pollan left the House because of term limits. She was then on the senior staff of Republican Governor Mike Huckabee as Legislative Liaison. Michael Dale "Mike" Huckabee appointed her to the Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission in 2003.
Pollan is a former chairman of the Arkansas Center for Health Improvement. She formerly owned the Carolyn Pollan Patent Model Museum in Fort Smith, an exhibit of Patent Models from the early years of the founding of America. After its first year of operation, the museum was free to the public. She later sold her collection to a museum in New York State.
A descendant of Union veterans, Pollan has written related articles for the Fort Smith Historical Society Journal. Pollan was involved in literacy education in Fort Smith and worked to develop procedures to encourage recipients of public welfare to obtain employment.
Pollan married George Angelo Pollan (born 1938), a Fort Smith native. They have two married children, Cee Cee Hollimon (born 1962) and Robert E. "Rob" Pollan (born 1968), both of Fort Smith, and four grandchildren. She is a member of the Grand Avenue Baptist Church in Fort Smith.
- "Inauguration of Charles W. Pollard" (PDF). John Brown University. October 8, 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2006.
- Dillard, Tom W. (January 29, 2009). "Frank Durward White (1933–2003)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. The Central Arkansas Library System. Archived from the original on June 16, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "Rothschild Petersen Patent Model Museum". Rothschild Petersen Patent Model Museum. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "The Civil War in Arkansas Bibliography". The Civil War in Arkansas. Civil War Round Table of Arkansas. Archived from the original on May 8, 2008.
- "Senate Passes Operating Budgets; House Proposes Tax Amnesty". Nevada County Picayune. Ragsdale Printing Company, Inc. March 19, 1997. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007.
- "Biographies of the Fabulous Women of Arkansas". University of Arkansas at Little Rock. August 24, 2001. Archived from the original on May 4, 2006.
- Snell, Lisa (October 2000). "Child-Welfare Reform and the Role of Privatization". Archived from the original on June 9, 2007.
- "Health Policy Board Members". Arkansas Center for Health Improvement. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007.
Three at-large members, including Bernice Kizer
|Arkansas State Representative from Sebastian County
Carolyn Joan Clark Pollan