Carpathian brook lamprey

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Carpathian brook lamprey
Eudontomyzon danfordi Tiszai ingola.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Cephalaspidomorphi
Order: Petromyzontiformes
Family: Petromyzontidae
Genus: Eudontomyzon
Species: E. danfordi
Binomial name
Eudontomyzon danfordi
Regan, 1911
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Lampetra danfordi (Regan 1911)
  • Petromyzon danfordi (Regan 1911)
  • Lampetra minor Grossinger 1794
  • Lampetra bergi Vladykov 1925
  • Lampetra (Eudontomyzon) gracilis Kux 1965
  • Eudontomyzon gracilis (Kux 1965)

The Carpathian brook lamprey or Danube lamprey (Eudontomyzon danfordi) is a species of lamprey in the Petromyzontidae family. It is found in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, Slovakia, and Ukraine. It is non-parasitic.

Description[edit]

The Carpathian brook lamprey grows to a maximum length of 35 centimetres (14 in). It is a long eel-like fish and its girth is greatest in the middle. It is a uniform silvery-olive colour. It has no jaws and the mouth is surrounded by an oral plate with many small blunt teeth. There are cartilaginous plates inside the mouth and the central, lingual plate has nine to thirteen teeth, a fact that distinguishes it from other lamprey species. The single nostril is between the eyes and seven naked gill pores are behind them. The only fins are two dorsal fins that run most of the way along the spine, and a small diamond-shaped tail fin.[3]

Distribution[edit]

The Carpathian brook lamprey is found in the Danube river basin, particularly in its tributaries the Tisza and the Timiș. It is a non-migratory, entirely freshwater species.[4]

Biology[edit]

Reproduction usually takes place in the spring in small brooks and streams. The adults afterwards die. The larvae are called ammocoetes and at first develop among the sand and gravel on the bed of the stream. They feed on detritus, insect larvae and small crustaceans that they filter out of the sediment. They undergo metamorphosis when about four years old. As adults, they feed on living or dead fish, gripping them with their small rasping teeth and swallowing smaller food items whole.[4]

Status[edit]

The Carpathian brook lamprey is listed as being of "Least Concern" in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Although pollution is threatening their spawning sites and their numbers seem to be declining, this is not happening at a sufficiently rapid rate for them to be included in a higher risk category.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Petromyzontidae" (PDF). Deeplyfish- fishes of the world. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  2. ^ Froese, R.; Pauly, D. (2017). "Petromyzontidae". FishBase version (02/2017). Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Maitland, Peter S. (2000). Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe. Octopus Publishing Group. pp. 62–64. ISBN 0 600 59690 7. 
  4. ^ a b c Freyhof, J.; Kottelat, M. (2008). "Eudontomyzon danfordi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. Retrieved 2012-09-16.