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Maldive anemonefish.jpg
Heteractis magnifica with Maldive anemonefish and juvenile threespot dascyllus.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Hexacorallia
Order: Actiniaria
Family: Stichodactylidae
Andres, 1883
  • Heteractis
  • Stichodactyla

Stichodactylidae is a family of sea anemones that contains the genera Stichodactyla (carpet anemones) and Heteractis. These sea anemones are exclusively tropical and are in the main family of sea anemones that hosts several varieties of clownfishes.[1] Most sea anemone species are harmless to humans, but at least some Stichodactyla are highly venomous and their sting may cause anaphylactic shock and organ failure (notably acute liver failure).[2][3] In contrast, the venom of Heteractis has shown potential in treatment of lung cancer.[4]

Genera and species[edit]



  1. ^ Fautin, Daphne G.; Allen, Gerald R. (1997). Field Guide to Anemone Fishes and Their Host Sea Anemones. Western Australian Museum. ISBN 9780730983651. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Garcia, Patricia J.; Schein, R.M.; Burnett, J.W. (1994). "Fulminant hepatic failure from a sea anemone sting". Annals of Internal Medicine. 120 (8): 665–666. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-120-8-199404150-00007. 
  3. ^ Nagata, Keiko; Hide, Michihiro; Tanaka, Toshihiko; Ishii, Kaori; Izawa, Masao; Sairenji, Takeshi; Tomita, Katsuyuki; Shimizu, Eiji (2006). "Anaphylactic shock caused by exposure to sea anemones". Allergology International. 55 (2): 181–184. doi:10.2332/allergolint.55.181. 
  4. ^ Ramezanpour, Mahnaz; da Silva, Karen Burke; Sanderson, Barbara J. S. (2013). "Venom present in sea anemone (Heteractis magnifica) induces apoptosis in non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells through activation of mitochondria-mediated pathway". Biotechnology Letters. 36 (3): 489–495. doi:10.1007/s10529-013-1402-4.