Carpinus orientalis

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Carpinus orientalis
Doğu gürgeni-2.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Carpinus
Species: C. orientalis
Binomial name
Carpinus orientalis
Carpinus orientalis range.svg
Distribution map

Carpinus orientalis, known as the Oriental Hornbeam, is a hornbeam native to Hungary, the Balkans, Italy, Crimea, Turkey, Iran, and the Caucasus.[1][2] and occurs usually on hot dry sites at lower altitudes in comparison to the Carpinus betulus (European Hornbeam).


The Carpinus orientalis is a small tree, rarely over 10 m tall and often shrubby. It has minute, with small leaves, 3–5 cm long.

The seeds have a simple bract, not trilobed like Carpinus betulus, that is about 2 cm long.[3][4]


In recent years, this species has been extensively used as an ornamental tree for Bonsai.


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Carpinus orientalis at the NPGS/GRIN database". USDA. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  3. ^ Czerepanov, S. K. 1981. Sosudistye Rasteniia SSSR. 509 pages. Nauka, Leningradskoe Otd-nie, Leningrad
  4. ^ Browicz, Kasimierz. Flora Iranica : Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der Umrahmenden Gebirge : Persien, Afghanistan, Teile von West-Pakistan, Nord-Iraq, (cont) 97: 2. 1972.