Carpinus putoensis

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Carpinus putoensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Carpinus
Species: C. putoensis
Binomial name
Carpinus putoensis

Carpinus putoensis (Putuo hornbeam, Chinese: 普陀鹅耳枥) is a species of plant in the Corylaceae family. It is a small tree, up to 15 metres (49 ft) tall.[2]

It is endemic to Zhoushan archipelago in China where it survives as a single tree on Putuo Island. It is monoecious, thereby in principle still able to reproduce sexually in the wild.[1] According to Edward O. Wilson, this is an example of what conservation biologists call "living dead" species.


  1. ^ a b World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Carpinus putoensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  2. ^ eFloras. "Carpinus putoensis". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wilson, Edward O. The Future of Life. Vintage Books, New York: 2002. p. 89