|Elevation||1,038 metres (3,406 feet) |
|Prominence||1,038 m (3,406 ft)|
Country high point|
Marilyn, Furth, Hewitt
|Location||County Kerry, Ireland|
|Parent range||Macgillycuddy's Reeks|
|Topo map||OSI Discovery 78|
Carrauntoohil (//, Irish: Corrán Tuathail) is the highest peak on the island of Ireland. Located in County Kerry, it is 1,038 metres (3,406 feet) high and is the central peak of the Macgillycuddy's Reeks range. The ridge northward leads to Ireland's second-highest peak, Beenkeragh at 1,010 m (3,310 ft), while the ridge westward leads to the third-highest peak, Caher at 1,001 m (3,284 ft). Carrauntoohil overlooks three bowl-shaped valleys, each with its own lakes. To the east is Hag's Glen or Coomcallee (Com Caillí, "hollow of the Cailleach"), to the west is Coomloughra (Com Luachra, "hollow of the rushes") and to the south is Curragh More (Currach Mór, "great marsh").
A wooden cross was erected on the summit, a privately owned commonage, in the 1950s by the local community. In 1976 it was replaced by a 5 m (16 feet) tall steel cross. In 2014, the cross was cut down by unknown persons in protest against the Catholic Church, but it was re-erected shortly after.
Carrauntoohil is classed as a Furth by the Scottish Mountaineering Club, i.e. a mountain greater than 3,000 ft (910 m) high that is outside (or furth of) Scotland, which is why it is sometimes referred to as one of the Irish Munros.
The mountain's name has a number of spellings and theories of its origin. 'Carrauntoohil' is the most common spelling of the its name and is the one used by Ordnance Survey Ireland. Other spellings include 'Carrantoohil', 'Carrantouhil', 'Carrauntouhil' and 'Carrantuohill'. These are an anglicisation of an Irish placename, but its origins and meaning are not clear. "Unlike some lesser peaks, such as Mangerton or Croagh Patrick, it is not mentioned in any surviving early Irish texts". The official Irish name is Corrán Tuathail. This has been interpreted as "inverted sickle" or "Tuathal's sickle", Tuathal being a male first name. However, one of the earliest mentions of the mountain, by Isaac Weld in 1812, refers to it as 'Gheraun-Tuel'. This suggests that the first element was géarán ("fang")—which is found in the names of other Kerry mountains—and that the earlier name may have been Géarán Tuathail ("Tuathal's fang").
The mountain is most often climbed from the north-east, along the Hag's Glen and up the steep Devil's Ladder to the col between Carrauntoohil and Cnoc na Toinne, and then north-west to the summit. The route has become more dangerous in recent years due to loose stones and crowding. No special equipment is needed to climb the mountain, but caution is advised. Alternatively, one can walk the two other 1,000 m peaks in a "horseshoe" trip, starting from the west. The traverse from highest point to the second highest involves a light scramble.
- List of mountains in Ireland
- List of Irish counties by highest point
- List of Furths
- List of highest points of European countries
- List of countries by highest point
- "Mountains, Rivers & Lakes". Ordnance Survey Ireland. 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Carrauntoohil". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
- "Carrauntoohil cross restored in dawn mission". IrishExaminer.com. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Vandals cut down iconic Cross on Ireland's highest mountain". BreakingNews.ie. 2014-11-22. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "Video of the Carrauntoohil Cross being cut down sent to journalists". TheJournal.ie. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- Mountains - Key Facts. The Munros, Corbetts, Grahams, Donalds & Furths at www.smc.org.uk. Accessed on 2 Feb 2013.
- "Carrauntoohil". Mountain Views. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- Hendroff, Adrian. From High Places: A Journey Through Ireland's Great Mountains. History Press Ireland, 2012. p.220
- "Devil's Ladder Route". Kerry mountain rescue. Retrieved 2007-01-10.