Carriacou and Petite Martinique

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Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Carriacou et La Petite Martinique
Flag of Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Flag
Anthem: Hail Grenada
Location of Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Location of Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Capital
and largest city
Hillsborough
12°28.9′N 61°27.5′W / 12.4817°N 61.4583°W / 12.4817; -61.4583
Official languages
Demonym(s)
  • Carriacouan
  • Petit Martiniquian
GovernmentDependency of Grenada
• Monarch
Queen Elizabeth II
Cécile La Grenade
Keith Mitchell
Kindra B. Maturine-Stewart
• Minister for Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs
Kindra B. Maturine-Stewart
Establishment
• Part of British Grenada
1763
• Constituency
1944
• Part of Grenada
February 7, 1974
Area
• Total
37.7 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
Population
• Estimate
6,081[1]
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC−4
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 473
Internet TLD.gd
  1. The main patois (or Creole) language is French-based.
Map of Carriacou and Petite Martinique

Carriacou and Petite Martinique, also known as the Southern Grenadines, is a dependency of Grenada, lying north of Grenada island and south of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the Lesser Antilles. The islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique belong to the island State of Grenada. Together they all form the 3-island country of Grenada, Carriacou, and Petite Martinique.[2]

Carriacou Island is the largest island of the Grenadines, an archipelago in the Windward Islands chain. The island is 13 square miles (34 km2) with a population of 9,595 (2019 census). The main settlements on the island are Hillsborough, L'Esterre, Harvey Vale, and Windward.

The neighbouring island of Petite Martinique is 2.5 miles (2.2 nmi) away from Carriacou, and also a part of Grenada. With its 586 acres (2.37 km2) and population of 900, it is smaller than Carriacou. The residents of this island live by boat-building, fishing and seafaring. Carriacou and Petite Martinique are known for its Regatta and Village Maroon.

Colonial history[edit]

On 27 September 1650, Jacques du Parquet bought Grenada from the Compagnie des Iles de l'Amerique, which was dissolved, for the equivalent of £1160. In 1657, Jacques du Parquet sold Grenada to Jean de Faudoas, Comte de Sérillac, for the equivalent of £1890.[3][4] In 1664, King Louis XIV bought out the independent island owners and established the French West India Company.[5] In 1674, the French West India Company was dissolved. Proprietary rule ended in Grenada, which became a French crown colony as a dependency of Martinique.[5]

Carriacou and Petite Martinique was part of the French colony in 1762. It was part of the British Grenada colony from 1763 to 1779 and 1783–1974. It was part of the French Grenada colony from 1779 to 1783.[6] During this turbulent period, most of the land on Carriacou and all of the property on Petite Martinique was owned by a free black woman, Judith Philip, and her family members.[7] It has been a dependency of Grenada since 1974.

Geography[edit]

Carriacou is the largest of the Grenadines and is characterized by hilly terrain sloping to white sand beaches. The island stretches from Pegus Point in the south to Gun Point in the north and it is about 7 miles (11 km) long.

The island has several natural harbors and many coral reefs and small offshore islets.[8]

The highest point on the island is High Point North at 955 feet (291 m)[9] above sea level. Carriacou has no rivers. Residents rely on rainfall for their water.

Islands[edit]

Name Area Population
Carriacou 34 km2 (13 sq mi) 9,595
Petite Martinique 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi) 900
Large Island 0.50 km2 (0.19 sq mi) none
Frigate Island 0.40 km2 (0.15 sq mi) none
Saline Island 0.30 km2 (0.12 sq mi) none

Climate[edit]

There are two seasons, wet and dry. The dry season is between January and June when the trade winds dominate the climate; the rainy season is from July to December. The climate is tropical. Temperatures range from 27–32 °C (81–90 °F) on land, with 26–30 °C (79–86 °F) water temps.[citation needed]

Politics[edit]

Carriacou and Petite Martinique is a Grenadian Constituency. Elvin Nimrod, NNP, is the representative for Carriacou and Petite Martinique Constituency and also the Minister of Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs.[citation needed]

Festivals[edit]

There are four major cultural festivals held on Carriacou and one on Petite Martinique. Carnival is held in February or early March. The Carriacou Regatta, held on the first weekend in August, is a racing event for locally built boats. In 2015, the Regatta celebrated its 50th anniversary. The Parang, on the weekend prior to Christmas, celebrates the island's traditional Christmas music and culture. Village Maroons take place year round, and since the turn of the millennium, a new festival of growing popularity has been started – the Carriacou Maroon & String Band Music Festival, held in the last weekend of April of the year. On the weekend of Whitsuntide, Petite Martinique holds their annual Whitsuntide Regatta.

Transport[edit]

Carriacou and Petite Martinique's main transport system includes roads and ferries. The people of Carriacou travel mainly by privately run 15 seater buses. Rental cars and taxis are also available and boats are commonplace. Lauriston Airport, located in Lauriston, Carriacou, is the island's major airport, and a small ferry boat known as the Osprey runs between Carriacou, Grenada, and Petite Martinique. The short distances between the Grenadines also enables travel between them by small boats.

Radio stations[edit]

  • KYAK106.com Carriacou's Home Grown Radio Station.[10]
  • The Harbour Light of the Windwards is a local Christian radio station.[11]
  • Sister Isles – 92.9 FM

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grenada
  2. ^ "Parishes of Grenada". Statoids.com. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  3. ^ Steele, page 52
  4. ^ Prinet, Max (1909). "Reviewed work: La maison de Faudoas (Gascogne, Maine et Normandie), par l'abbé Ambroise Ledru, chanoine honoraire du Mans, et Eugène Vallée. Paris, A. Lemerre, 1907-1908. 3 vol. in-8°, xii-440, I-339 et 458 pages, pl" [The House of Faudoas (Gascony, Maine and Normandy), by Father Ambroise Ledru, Honorary Canon of Le Mans, and Eugène Vallée…]. Bibliothèque de l'École des chartes (in French). Paris: Librairie Droz, Société de l'Ecole des chartes. 70: 562–564. ISSN 0373-6237. JSTOR 42971075. OCLC 754171109. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  5. ^ a b Steele, page 54
  6. ^ Martin, Robert Montgomery (1844). The British Colonial Library Comprising a Popular and Authentic Description of all the Colonies of the British Empire, Their History—Physical Geography—Geology—Climate—Anima, Vegetable, and Mineral Kingdoms—Government—Finance—Military Defence—Commerce—Shipping—Monetary System—Religion—Population, white and coloured—Education and the Press—Emigration, Social State, &c. Vol. IV. London, England: H. G. Bohn. pp. 249–251.
  7. ^ Candlin, Kit; Pybus, Cassandra (2015). Enterprising Women: Gender, Race, and Power in the Revolutionary Atlantic. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8203-4455-3.
  8. ^ "Carriacou". Professional Travel Guide. Archived from the original on 2008-04-28.
  9. ^ "National Park". Paradise Inn. Archived from the original on 2008-09-06.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ [2]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°29.0′N 61°27.7′W / 12.4833°N 61.4617°W / 12.4833; -61.4617