Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley (Scottish Parliament constituency)

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Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
county constituency
for the Scottish Parliament
Carrick, Cumnock and Doonvalley (Scottish Parliament constituency).svg
South Scotland (Scottish Parliament electoral region).svg
Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley shown within the South Scotland electoral region and the region shown within Scotland
Current constituency
Created 1999
Party Scottish National Party
MSP Adam Ingram
Council area East Ayrshire
South Ayrshire

Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood, Scotland. It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) method of election. Also, it is one of nine constituencies in the South Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to the nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Electoral region[edit]

The other eight constituencies of the South Scotland region are Ayr, Clydesdale, Dumfriesshire, East Lothian, Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire, Galloway and West Dumfries, Kilmarnock and Irvine Valley and Midlothian South, Tweeddale and Lauderdale.

The region covers the Dumfries and Galloway council area, part of the East Ayrshire council area, part of the East Lothian council area, part of the Midlothian council area, the Scottish Borders council area, the South Ayrshire council area and part of the South Lanarkshire council area.

Constituency boundaries and council areas[edit]

The Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley constituency was created at the same time as the Scottish Parliament, in 1999, with the name and boundaries of an existing Westminster constituency. In 2005, however, Scottish Westminster (House of Commons) constituencies were mostly replaced with new constituencies.[1]

The rest of East Ayrshire is covered by the Kilmarnock and Irvine constituency. While the rest of the South Ayrshire is covered by Ayr constituency.

Following their First Periodic review into constituencies to the Scottish Parliament in time for the 2011 Scottish Parliament election, the Boundary Commission for Scotland recommended redrawing the Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley constituency.

The electoral wards used in the creation of Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley are:

Constituency profile and voting patterns[edit]

Constituency profile[edit]

The rural seat of Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley is a diverse and sparsely populated area made up of former mining communities, outlying suburban villages, fertile farmlands and coastal resorts. Carrick stretches along the rugged and idyllic Ayrshire coast between Ayr and Galloway, taking in Culzean Castle and the resorts of Turnberry, home to the renowned Turnberry hotel and golf course, and Maidens. The main population centres within Carrick are Girvan, which serves as the area's main harbour, and Maybole, the historic capital of the kingdom of Carrick: both of which are among the most deprived areas in Scotland and are primarily made up of social housing. The north-west of the constituency contains a mix of affluent and deprived villages with high levels of deprivation along the former mining villages of Tarbolton, Annbank and Mossblown. The more affluent suburban villages of Dundoald, Loans, Coylton and Symington serve as commuter villages to Ayr, Prestwick and Troon. Cumnock, Doon Valley and Ballochmyle housed the central headquarters of coal mining operations in the Ayrshire area prior to the industry's collapse in the 1980s. Socialism is rooted in the culture and fabric of the area where the Trade Union movement was particularly strong in the 1980s and 1990s. Keir Hardie, who is regarded as one of the primary founders of the Labour party, was active in organising a local trade union for miners in the area in the late 1800s.

Voting patterns[edit]

At Westminister the equivalent South Ayrshire and later Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley constituencies consistently returned Labour MP's since the 1930s. It was among the most reliable and safest Labour areas in Scotland, with Labour continually gaining the majority of the vote in almost all electoral wards in the constituency. At a local level almost all parts of the former Westminister constituency have consistently supported Labour with the exception of northern Girvan: this area is comparably more affluent compared to the rest of the constituency, it is made up of urban housing and as such has been marginally fought between the Conservatives and Labour. The Conservatives have performed stronger in some affluent villages around Ayr, Prestwick and Troon topping the poll in Coylton, Dundoald, Loans and Symington in local elections.

Although the SNP have performed poorly in the Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley constituency at Scottish and local elections they were able to secure the constituency in 2011. The area has historically been predominantly Labour-voting, however, in 1976 the Scottish Labour Party - a pro-independence breakaway group from the UK Labour Party - polled second place in the constituency at just 1,521 votes behind Labour's George Foulkes.

Member of the Scottish Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1999 Cathy Jamieson Labour
2003
2007
2011 Adam Ingram Scottish National Party

Election results[edit]

Scottish Parliament election, 2016: Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP N/A
Labour Carol Mochan
Conservative Lee Lyons
Liberal Democrat
Majority
Turnout
[[|N/A]] gain from [[|N/A]] Swing

[2]

Scottish Parliament election, 2011: Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Adam Ingram 13,250 46.2 +15.7
Labour Richard Leonard 10,669 37.2 -7.8
Conservative Peter Kennerley 4,160 14.5 -3.8
Liberal Democrats Andrew Chamberlain 624 2.2 -1.6
Majority 2,581 9.0
Turnout 28,703 47.9 -3.9
SNP gain from Labour Swing
Scottish Parliament election, 2007 Notional Result: Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cathy Jamieson 13,619 45.0
SNP Adam Ingram 9,216 30.5
Conservative 5,532 18.3
Liberal Democrats 1,137 3.8
Others 745 2.5
Majority 4,403 14.6
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Parliament election, 2007: Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cathy Jamieson 14,350 42.5 -5.5
SNP Adam Ingram 10,364 30.7 +13.8
Conservative Tony Lewis 6,729 19.9 -6.4
Liberal Democrats Paul McGreal 1,409 4.2 +0.4
Independent Hugh Hill 809 2.4 N/A
Equal Parenting Alliance Ray Barry 124 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,986 11.8
Turnout 33,785 51.8 -1.0
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Parliament election, 2003: Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cathy Jamieson 16484 47.97 +1.1
Conservative Phil Gallie 9030 26.28 +6.51
SNP Adam Ingram 5822 16.94 -9.5
Scottish Socialist Murray Steele 1715 4.99 N/A
Liberal Democrats Caron Howden 1315 3.83 -2.11
Majority 7454
Turnout 34,366 52.79 -9.01
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Parliament election, 1999: Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cathy Jamieson 19,667 47.86 N/A
SNP Adam Ingram 10,864 26.44 N/A
Conservative John Scott 8,123 19.77 N/A
Liberal Democrats David Rainsford Hannay 2,441 5.94 N/A
Majority 8,803 N/A
Turnout 41,095 61.8 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ See The 5th Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for Scotland
  2. ^ BBC election results