Carroll County, Mississippi

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Carroll County, Mississippi
Carroll County MS Courthouse Carrollton.jpg
Carroll County Courthouse
Map of Mississippi highlighting Carroll County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1833
Named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Seat Carrollton (Northern District)
Vaiden (Southern District)
Largest town Vaiden
Area
 • Total 635 sq mi (1,645 km2)
 • Land 628 sq mi (1,627 km2)
 • Water 6.3 sq mi (16 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 10,597
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5

Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,597.[1] Its county seats are Carollton and Vaiden.[2] The county is named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton,[3] the last surviving signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.

Carroll County is part of the Greenwood, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area. Bordered by the Yazoo River on the west and the Big Black River to the east, it is considered within the Mississippi Delta region. Most of its land is in the hill country.

The Porter Wagoner song "The Carroll County Accident" was set here. The county is referred to in the third verse of Bobbie Gentry's 1967 hit song, "Ode to Billie Joe".

History[edit]

This area was developed by European Americans for cotton plantations near the rivers. These were dependent on the labor of large gangs of enslaved African Americans. After the American Civil War, many freedmen worked as sharecroppers or tenant farmers on the plantations. Other areas were harvested for timber.

Whites used violence and intimidation to suppress voting and enforce white supremacy. In 1890 the state legislature disenfranchised most blacks, who were a majority in the state, by creating barriers to voter registration; it also passed Jim Crow laws, treating freedmen and their descendants as second-class citizens.

In the period from 1877 to 1950, Carrollton County had 29 documented lynchings of African Americans, the second-highest number in the state after a total of 48 in nearby LeFlore County.[4] Twenty-five of these killings were committed in little more than a one-month period in Carrollton, the county seat, in the late winter of 1886.[5] One local man was lynched in February, taken from jail where he was serving a sentence. Twenty-four deaths are associated with what has been known as the "Carrollton Courthouse Massacre", called a "riot" at the time and blamed on African Americans by the grand jury. But 60 armed, masked men entered the courthouse, fatally shooting the black plaintiffs in an assault case against a white man, and 18 other blacks who died that day. Another three black men died of their wounds soon after. The father of the two Brown brothers was also fatally shot.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.0%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
184010,481
185018,49176.4%
186022,03519.2%
187021,047−4.5%
188017,795−15.5%
189018,7735.5%
190022,11617.8%
191023,1394.6%
192020,324−12.2%
193019,765−2.8%
194020,6514.5%
195015,499−24.9%
196011,177−27.9%
19709,397−15.9%
19809,7764.0%
19909,237−5.5%
200010,76916.6%
201010,597−1.6%
Est. 201610,255[7]−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]
Swamp in Carroll County in winter

From 1940 to 1970, the county population declined markedly, as many African Americans left in the Great Migration to West Coast cities that had a growing defense industry. Others went North to Chicago and other industrial cities. Rural whites also moved to cities to find work.

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 10,769 people, 4,071 households, and 3,069 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,888 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.67% White, 36.61% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,071 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01.

According to the census[12] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Carroll County were English 51%, African 38.6%, and Scots-Irish 12.1%

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,878, and the median income for a family was $35,711. Males had a median income of $28,459 versus $19,695 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,744. About 13.70% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 23.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Carroll County School District is the area public school district.

Carroll Academy is an area private school that is financially supported by the Council of Conservative Citizens, a white supremacist group.[13]

Pillow Academy in unincorporated Leflore County, near Greenwood, enrolls some students from Carroll County.[14] It originally was a segregation academy.[15]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.7% 3,799 30.4% 1,680 0.9% 49
2012 66.1% 3,960 33.5% 2,007 0.4% 25
2008 65.4% 3,902 34.2% 2,037 0.4% 26
2004 65.5% 3,664 34.0% 1,900 0.5% 28
2000 64.3% 3,165 35.1% 1,726 0.7% 33
1996 53.3% 2,629 41.4% 2,041 5.4% 264
1992 55.0% 1,695 38.3% 1,182 6.7% 207
1988 62.5% 2,628 37.1% 1,560 0.4% 16
1984 65.7% 2,823 34.0% 1,462 0.3% 12
1980 50.9% 2,153 48.2% 2,037 0.9% 38
1976 49.3% 1,561 49.5% 1,566 1.3% 40
1972 73.3% 1,777 23.9% 580 2.8% 67
1968 4.3% 138 29.0% 925 66.7% 2,131
1964 95.4% 2,043 4.6% 98
1960 14.1% 207 28.9% 425 57.1% 840
1956 15.1% 234 69.6% 1,080 15.3% 237
1952 31.4% 535 68.6% 1,168
1948 1.1% 14 6.0% 74 92.8% 1,138
1944 4.5% 68 95.5% 1,438
1940 2.6% 38 97.4% 1,408
1936 1.8% 19 98.1% 1,030 0.1% 1
1932 0.8% 9 99.2% 1,189 0.1% 1
1928 4.3% 49 95.7% 1,102
1924 7.3% 70 92.8% 895
1920 21.3% 184 77.4% 669 1.3% 11
1916 3.4% 34 95.0% 943 1.6% 16
1912 2.1% 16 85.4% 653 12.6% 96

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 70. 
  4. ^ Lynching in America, 3rd edition, Supplement by County, p. 6
  5. ^ a b Susie James, "Carrollton Courthouse 'Riot' of 1886", Commonwealth (Greenwood, Mississippi), 12 March 1996; accessed 31 March 2018
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Beirich, Heidi (28 October 2010). "White Supremacist Group Backs Private Academies in Mississippi". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "Profile of Pillow Academy 2010-2011 Archived 2001-12-01 at the Library of Congress Web Archives." Pillow Academy. Retrieved on March 25, 2012.
  15. ^ Lynch, Adam (18 November 2009). "Ceara's Season". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-04. 

Coordinates: 33°27′N 89°55′W / 33.45°N 89.92°W / 33.45; -89.92