Carroll County, Missouri

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Carroll County
Carroll County Courthouse in Carrollton
Carroll County Courthouse in Carrollton
Map of Missouri highlighting Carroll County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°26′N 93°30′W / 39.43°N 93.5°W / 39.43; -93.5
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedJanuary 2, 1833
Named forCharles Carroll of Carrollton
SeatCarrollton
Largest cityCarrollton
Area
 • Total701 sq mi (1,820 km2)
 • Land695 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water6.8 sq mi (18 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,495
 • Density12/sq mi (4.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitehttp://www.carrollcomo.org/

Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the county had a population of 8,495.[1] Its county seat is Carrollton.[2] The county was organized on January 2, 1833 from part of Ray County and named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 701 square miles (1,820 km2), of which 695 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,423
18505,441124.6%
18609,76379.4%
187017,44678.7%
188023,27433.4%
189025,74210.6%
190026,4552.8%
191023,098−12.7%
192020,480−11.3%
193019,940−2.6%
194017,814−10.7%
195015,589−12.5%
196013,847−11.2%
197012,565−9.3%
198012,131−3.5%
199010,748−11.4%
200010,285−4.3%
20109,295−9.6%
20208,495−8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 10,285 people, 4,169 households, and 2,880 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 4,897 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.95% white, 1.72% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Approximately 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.7% were of German, 25.3% American, 11.8% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry.

There were 4,169 households, out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 20.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,643, and the median income for a family was $36,773. Males had a median income of $26,135 versus $17,468 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,522. About 9.70% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), Carroll County is sometimes regarded as being on the northern edge of the Bible Belt, with evangelical Protestantism being the most predominant religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Carroll County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (55.73%), United Methodists (11.01%), and Lutherans (LCMS) (9.69%).

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Carrollton Public Library[11]
  • Norborne Public Library[12]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Carroll County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Carroll County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Devin Rae Frazier Republican
Circuit Clerk Janet Horine Republican
County Clerk Norma Sparks Republican
Collector Megan Endicott Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Stan Falke Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Everett Shields Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
David Martin Republican
Coroner Steven W. Bittiker Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Cassandra Brown Democratic
Public Administrator Linda Leabo Republican
Recorder Janet Horine Republican
Sheriff William McCoy Republican
Surveyor Marc Magee Republican
Treasurer Megan Endicott Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 81.61% 3,671 17.12% 770 1.27% 57
2016 65.31% 2,837 32.04% 1,392 2.65% 115
2012 52.91% 2,256 44.61% 1,902 2.48% 106
2008 49.48% 2,233 48.77% 2,201 1.75% 79
2004 60.13% 2,828 38.91% 1,830 0.96% 45
2000 57.71% 2,643 40.87% 1,872 1.42% 65
1996 36.21% 1,625 62.25% 2,794 1.54% 69

All of Carroll County is a part of Missouri's 39th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Peggy McGaugh (R-Carrollton).

Missouri House of Representatives — District 39 — Carroll County (2020)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peggy McGaugh 4,138 100.00% +22.08
Missouri House of Representatives — District 39 — Carroll County (2018)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peggy McGaugh 2,872 77.92% +1.60
Democratic Rick Mellon 814 22.08% -1.60

All of Carroll County is a part of Missouri's 21st District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Denny Hoskins (R-Warrensburg).

Missouri Senate — District 21 — Carroll County (2020)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Hoskins 3,809 88.50% +8.61
Libertarian Mark Bliss 495 11.50% +7.88
Missouri Senate — District 21 — Carroll County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Hoskins 3,353 79.89% +7.21
Democratic ElGene Ver Dught 692 16.49% -6.95
Libertarian Bill Wayne 152 3.62% -0.26

Federal[edit]

All of Carroll County is included in Missouri's 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Graves was elected to an eleventh term in 2020 over Democratic challenger Gena Ross.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Carroll County (2020)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 3,772 84.46% '
Democratic Gena L. Ross 639 14.31%
Libertarian Jim Higgins 55 1.23%
U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri's 6th Congressional District – Carroll County (2018)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 3,064 82.37% '
Democratic Henry Robert Martin 569 15.30%
Libertarian Dan Hogan 87 2.34%

Carroll County, along with the rest of the state of Missouri, is represented in the U.S. Senate by Josh Hawley (R-Columbia) and Roy Blunt (R-Strafford).

U.S. Senate – Class I – Carroll County (2018)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Josh Hawley 2,761 73.75% +27.99
Democratic Claire McCaskill 870 23.24% -22.04
Independent Craig O'Dear 58 1.55%
Libertarian Japheth Campbell 34 0.91% -8.02
Green Jo Crain 21 0.56% +0.56

Blunt was elected to a second term in 2016 over then-Missouri Secretary of State Jason Kander.

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Carroll County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 2,875 66.20% +20.43
Democratic Jason Kander 1,290 29.70% -15.59
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 100 2.30% -6.64
Green Johnathan McFarland 38 0.87% +0.87
Constitution Fred Ryman 40 0.92% +0.92

Political culture[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 81.8% 3,706 17.3% 786 0.9% 40
2016 79.8% 3,480 17.1% 745 3.1% 136
2012 71.4% 3,072 26.8% 1,154 1.8% 78
2008 65.1% 2,955 33.8% 1,535 1.1% 48
2004 66.6% 3,155 33.1% 1,568 0.4% 18
2000 62.9% 2,880 35.4% 1,620 1.8% 81
1996 40.7% 1,839 46.1% 2,080 13.2% 596
1992 33.0% 1,774 39.1% 2,100 28.0% 1,504
1988 54.6% 2,811 45.3% 2,330 0.2% 8
1984 63.8% 3,495 36.2% 1,980
1980 59.0% 3,291 38.2% 2,130 2.9% 162
1976 48.3% 2,936 51.2% 3,114 0.4% 27
1972 68.0% 4,100 32.0% 1,927
1968 54.1% 3,680 36.4% 2,473 9.5% 645
1964 42.4% 2,994 57.6% 4,069
1960 58.0% 4,555 42.0% 3,296
1956 58.1% 4,751 41.9% 3,432
1952 63.1% 5,410 36.7% 3,146 0.1% 12
1948 55.3% 4,212 44.6% 3,401 0.1% 5
1944 60.8% 5,127 38.9% 3,283 0.2% 20
1940 57.4% 6,000 42.5% 4,446 0.1% 11
1936 51.2% 5,432 48.5% 5,141 0.3% 32
1932 43.3% 3,894 56.3% 5,072 0.4% 37
1928 61.1% 5,875 38.8% 3,735 0.2% 14
1924 51.1% 4,907 46.8% 4,502 2.1% 204
1920 57.4% 5,609 41.7% 4,075 1.0% 96
1916 50.7% 2,978 48.0% 2,822 1.3% 79
1912 26.9% 1,519 46.8% 2,648 26.4% 1,491
1908 51.6% 3,015 47.1% 2,753 1.4% 81
1904 51.7% 3,032 45.6% 2,673 2.8% 163
1900 48.3% 3,192 50.0% 3,300 1.7% 113
1896 48.2% 3,363 50.9% 3,555 0.9% 65
1892 46.5% 2,896 47.7% 2,969 5.8% 362
1888 47.7% 2,929 47.3% 2,906 5.0% 304

At the presidential level, Carroll County has become solidly Republican in recent years. Carroll County strongly favored Donald Trump in both 2016 and 2020. Bill Clinton was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Carroll County in 1996 with a plurality of the vote, and a Democrat hasn't won majority support from the county's voters in a presidential election since Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Like most rural areas throughout Missouri, voters in Carroll County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. Despite Carroll County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes. In 2018, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition A) concerning right to work, the outcome of which ultimately reversed the right to work legislation passed in the state the previous year. 63.63% of Carroll County voters cast their ballots to overturn the law.

Missouri presidential preference primaries[edit]

2020[edit]

The 2020 presidential primaries for both the Democratic and Republican parties were held in Missouri on March 10. On the Democratic side, former Vice President Joe Biden (D-Delaware) both won statewide and carried Carroll County by a wide margin. Biden went on to defeat President Donald Trump in the general election.

Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary – Carroll County (2020)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Joe Biden 306 66.09
Democratic Bernie Sanders 127 27.43
Democratic Tulsi Gabbard 7 1.51
Democratic Others/Uncommitted 23 4.97

Incumbent President Donald Trump (R-Florida) faced a primary challenge from former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld, but won both Carroll County and statewide by overwhelming margins.

Missouri Republican Presidential Primary – Carroll County (2020)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Donald Trump 737 98.53
Republican Bill Weld 3 0.40
Republican Others/Uncommitted 8 1.07

2016[edit]

The 2016 presidential primaries for both the Republican and Democratic parties were held in Missouri on March 15. Businessman Donald Trump (R-New York) narrowly won the state overall, but carried a majority of the vote in Carroll County. He went on to win the presidency.

Missouri Republican Presidential Primary – Carroll County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Donald Trump 1,004 51.28
Republican Ted Cruz 657 33.56
Republican John Kasich 150 7.66
Republican Marco Rubio 90 4.60
Republican Others/Uncommitted 57 2.91

On the Democratic side, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (D-New York) narrowly won statewide, but Senator Bernie Sanders (I-Vermont) carried a majority in Carroll County.

Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary – Carroll County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Bernie Sanders 255 50.70
Democratic Hillary Clinton 233 46.32
Democratic Others/Uncommitted 15 2.98

2012[edit]

The 2012 Missouri Republican Presidential Primary's results were nonbinding on the state's national convention delegates. Voters in Carroll County supported former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum (R-Pennsylvania), who finished first in the state at large, but eventually lost the nomination to former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts). Delegates to the congressional district and state conventions were chosen at a county caucus, which selected a delegation favoring Santorum. Incumbent President Barack Obama easily won the Missouri Democratic Primary and renomination. He defeated Romney in the general election.

2008[edit]

In 2008, the Missouri Republican Presidential Primary was closely contested, with Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) prevailing and eventually winning the nomination. Carroll County gave McCain his highest vote share of any county in Missouri.

Missouri Republican Presidential Primary – Carroll County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John McCain 437 47.81
Republican Mike Huckabee 251 27.46
Republican Mitt Romney 175 19.15
Republican Ron Paul 28 3.06
Republican Others/Uncommitted 23 2.52

Then-Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes than any candidate from either party in Carroll County during the 2008 presidential primary. Despite initial reports that Clinton had won Missouri, Barack Obama (D-Illinois), also a Senator at the time, narrowly defeated her statewide and later became that year's Democratic nominee, going on to win the presidency.

Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary – Carroll County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Hillary Clinton 548 62.84
Democratic Barack Obama 299 34.29
Democratic Others/Uncommitted 25 2.86

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 70.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Carrollton Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  12. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Norborne Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-24.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°26′N 93°30′W / 39.43°N 93.50°W / 39.43; -93.50