Carroll County, Missouri
|Founded||January 2, 1833|
|Named for||Charles Carroll of Carrollton|
|• Total||701 sq mi (1,820 km2)|
|• Land||695 sq mi (1,800 km2)|
|• Water||6.8 sq mi (18 km2) 1.0%|
|• Density||12/sq mi (4.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the county had a population of 8,495. Its county seat is Carrollton. The county was organized on January 2, 1833 from part of Ray County and named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
- Livingston County (north)
- Chariton County (east)
- Saline County (southeast)
- Lafayette County (southwest)
- Ray County (west)
- Caldwell County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,285 people, 4,169 households, and 2,880 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 4,897 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.95% white, 1.72% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Approximately 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.7% were of German, 25.3% American, 11.8% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry.
There were 4,169 households, out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 20.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,643, and the median income for a family was $36,773. Males had a median income of $26,135 versus $17,468 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,522. About 9.70% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), Carroll County is sometimes regarded as being on the northern edge of the Bible Belt, with evangelical Protestantism being the most predominant religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Carroll County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (55.73%), United Methodists (11.01%), and Lutherans (LCMS) (9.69%).
- Bosworth R-V School District – Bosworth
- Bosworth Elementary School (PK-06)
- Bosworth High School (07-12)
- Carrollton R-VII School District – Carrollton
- Adams-Dieterich Elementary School (K-04)
- Adams Primary School (PK-01)
- Carrollton Elementary School (02-04)
- Carrollton Middle School (05-08)
- Carrollton High School (09-12)
- Hale R-I School District – Hale
- Hale Elementary School (PK-06)
- Hale High School (07-12)
- Norborne R-VIII School District – Norborne
- Norborne Elementary School (K-05)
- Norborne High School (06-12)
- Tina-Avalon R-II School District – Tina
- Tina-Avalon Elementary School (PK-06)
- Tina-Avalon High School (07-12)
The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Carroll County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.
|Carroll County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Assessor||Devin Rae Frazier||Republican|
|Circuit Clerk||Janet Horine||Republican|
|County Clerk||Norma Sparks||Republican|
|Coroner||Steven W. Bittiker||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Cassandra Brown||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Linda Leabo||Republican|
|2020||81.61% 3,671||17.12% 770||1.27% 57|
|2016||65.31% 2,837||32.04% 1,392||2.65% 115|
|2012||52.91% 2,256||44.61% 1,902||2.48% 106|
|2008||49.48% 2,233||48.77% 2,201||1.75% 79|
|2004||60.13% 2,828||38.91% 1,830||0.96% 45|
|2000||57.71% 2,643||40.87% 1,872||1.42% 65|
|1996||36.21% 1,625||62.25% 2,794||1.54% 69|
|Democratic||ElGene Ver Dught||692||16.49%||-6.95|
All of Carroll County is included in Missouri's 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Graves was elected to an eleventh term in 2020 over Democratic challenger Gena Ross.
|Democratic||Gena L. Ross||639||14.31%|
|Democratic||Henry Robert Martin||569||15.30%|
At the presidential level, Carroll County has become solidly Republican in recent years. Carroll County strongly favored Donald Trump in both 2016 and 2020. Bill Clinton was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Carroll County in 1996 with a plurality of the vote, and a Democrat hasn't won majority support from the county's voters in a presidential election since Jimmy Carter in 1976.
Like most rural areas throughout Missouri, voters in Carroll County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. Despite Carroll County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes. In 2018, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition A) concerning right to work, the outcome of which ultimately reversed the right to work legislation passed in the state the previous year. 63.63% of Carroll County voters cast their ballots to overturn the law.
Missouri presidential preference primaries
The 2020 presidential primaries for both the Democratic and Republican parties were held in Missouri on March 10. On the Democratic side, former Vice President Joe Biden (D-Delaware) both won statewide and carried Carroll County by a wide margin. Biden went on to defeat President Donald Trump in the general election.
The 2016 presidential primaries for both the Republican and Democratic parties were held in Missouri on March 15. Businessman Donald Trump (R-New York) narrowly won the state overall, but carried a majority of the vote in Carroll County. He went on to win the presidency.
The 2012 Missouri Republican Presidential Primary's results were nonbinding on the state's national convention delegates. Voters in Carroll County supported former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum (R-Pennsylvania), who finished first in the state at large, but eventually lost the nomination to former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts). Delegates to the congressional district and state conventions were chosen at a county caucus, which selected a delegation favoring Santorum. Incumbent President Barack Obama easily won the Missouri Democratic Primary and renomination. He defeated Romney in the general election.
In 2008, the Missouri Republican Presidential Primary was closely contested, with Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) prevailing and eventually winning the nomination. Carroll County gave McCain his highest vote share of any county in Missouri.
Then-Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes than any candidate from either party in Carroll County during the 2008 presidential primary. Despite initial reports that Clinton had won Missouri, Barack Obama (D-Illinois), also a Senator at the time, narrowly defeated her statewide and later became that year's Democratic nominee, going on to win the presidency.
- Carrollton Township
- Cherry Valley Township
- Combs Township
- De Witt Township
- Egypt Township
- Eugene Township
- Fairfield Township
- Hill Township
- Hurricane Township
- Leslie Township
- Moss Creek Township
- Prairie Township
- Ridge Township
- Rockford Township
- Stokes Mound Township
- Sugartree Township
- Trotter Township
- Van Horn Township
- Wakenda Township
- Washington Township
- Lewis Eldon Atherton, historian at the University of Missouri
- Amanda Austin, painter and sculptor
- Leon E. Bates, UAW leader
- James Johnson Duderstadt, President of the University of Michigan (1988-1996)
- James Fergason, inventor and business leader in electronics known for work with LCD
- Francis Doyle Gleeson, Roman Catholic bishop
- Don Martin, NFL player and coach
- John C. McQueen, Major general, USMC, decorated veteran of World War II
- James Shields, only person in U.S. history to serve in the United States Senate representing three different states: Illinois (1849-1849; 1849-1855), Minnesota (1858-1859), and Missouri (1879-1879)
- Robert Simpson, athlete
- Barbara Sinatra, wife of Zeppo Marx and later Frank Sinatra
- Claude T. Smith, American band conductor, composer, and educator
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 70.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Carrollton Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Norborne Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
- Turner, S. K. Twentieth century history of Carroll County, Missouri (2 vol 1911) vol 1 online; vol 2 online
- Carroll County Historical Society
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Carroll County Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- Carroll County Sheriff's Office