Carthage, Texas

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Carthage, Texas
City of Carthage
The historic Hawthorn-Clabaugh-Patterson House is now used for offices of the Carthage Chamber of Commerce.
The historic Hawthorn-Clabaugh-Patterson House is now used for offices of the Carthage Chamber of Commerce.
Motto: 
"Country at its best!"
Location of Carthage, Texas
Location of Carthage, Texas
Panola County Carthage.svg
Coordinates: 32°9′23″N 94°20′32″W / 32.15639°N 94.34222°W / 32.15639; -94.34222Coordinates: 32°9′23″N 94°20′32″W / 32.15639°N 94.34222°W / 32.15639; -94.34222
Country United States
State Texas
CountyPanola
Area
 • Total10.68 sq mi (27.67 km2)
 • Land10.66 sq mi (27.61 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
312 ft (95 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total6,569
 • Density603.28/sq mi (232.92/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75633
Area code903
FIPS code48-13108[2]
GNIS feature ID1353900[3]
Websitewww.carthagetexas.com

Carthage is a city and the county seat of Panola County, Texas,[4] United States. This city is situated in deep East Texas, 20 miles west of the Louisiana state line. Its population was 6,569 at the 2020 census.

History[edit]

Carthage welcome sign

Carthage was founded in 1847, two years after Texas was admitted to the United States. During the Civil War, men from Carthage and Panola County served as Confederate soldiers. African-American resident Milton M. Holland, formerly enslaved, served as a Union sergeant and earned a Medal of Honor.[5]

After the Civil War, population growth was slow, but large amounts of cotton, corn, sweet potatoes, oats, and sugarcane were produced in the county. The city began to expand in 1888 when a railroad reached Carthage, along with telegraph and telephone lines.[6]

During the Great Depression, a gas field was discovered near Carthage. After World War II, this gas field was developed and proved to be the largest in the United States. The city flourished, with the population increasing from about 1,300 to 5,000. During this period, a courthouse and a high school were built. In 1947 Panola County Junior College was established in Carthage and founded KGAS-AM 1590 which began broadcasting in 1955.

As a result of 19.6% population growth between 1970 and 1980, documented by U.S. Decennial Census; Panola General Hospital was established in 1997. Today the ETMC Carthage operates a 24-hour emergency department which is designated a Level IV trauma center by the state of Texas.[7]

On August 22, 1998 the Tex Ritter Museum in Carthage was the site for the grand opening of the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame, honoring those who have made outstanding contributions to country music and born in the state of Texas.

On September 16, 1998 KGAS-FM began broadcasting a country music format in Carthage, and was featured in "Bernie", the 2011 American biographical black comedy crime film directed by Richard Linklater.

1996 murder of Marjorie Nugent[edit]

Central Baptist Church in downtown Carthage

After losing her husband, widow Marjorie Nugent, an 81-year-old resident of Carthage, became friends with Bernie Tiede, the assistant funeral director in town. In late 1996, townspeople did not see her, but thought perhaps she had moved to join her out-of-town family. When the family could not reach her, they filed a missing-person's report. Nine months after her death, her friend and companion, 39-year-old Bernie Tiede, was brought in for questioning by police and confessed to killing her. He claimed she had emotionally abused him.[8][9]

He shot her four times in the back with a .22 rifle in November 1996. A mortician, he cleaned her body and placed it in a freezer in her house, where it was not discovered until 1997. Tiede continued his community activities for several months after her death. He was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison. After a habeas corpus challenge, he was paroled on a $10,000 bond in 2014, but in 2016, Tiede had a resentencing hearing, and was sentenced to 99 years to life.[8][9]

Panola County District Attorney Danny Buck Davidson said initially that few in the community questioned no longer seeing the elderly woman. He said, "That's what you do when you're a con guy and you move in. He had her cut all ties, so ultimately the only person she had to rely on was him. Mrs. Nugent was a human being. She didn't deserve her fate at the hands of Bernie." Tiede apparently killed the wealthy woman to get control of her money, spending an estimated $3 million of Nugent's $10 million. Davidson said Tiede used some of it for philanthropy: "He sent people to college. He donated to musicals, plays and bought instruments at the college. That was all done with Mrs. Nugent's money. After she was in the freezer, he really jumped out there as a benefactor."[8]

An article about these events in Texas Monthly by Skip Hollandsworth was adapted for Bernie, a 2011 dark comedy film which he co-wrote with director Richard Linklater. It starred Jack Black, Shirley MacLaine, Matthew McConaughey and was highly praised by Hollywood fans in the local community.

Points of interest[edit]

The Esquire Theater in Carthage hosts Country music on Saturday evenings.

The Texas Country Music Hall of Fame is located in Carthage, which also houses the Tex Ritter Museum. The Jim Reeves Memorial is located on the outskirts of Carthage, east on U.S. 79. Reeves and Ritter were from the nearby unincorporated communities of Galloway and Murvaul, respectively.

The Footprints in the Sand monument is a 14 feet (4.3 m) bronze sculpture of Jesus carrying an old man, representing the popular allegorical religious poem by that title. It is located on the southwest loop in Carthage. Carthage resident Bob Harness is the sculptor.

The old Panola County Jail is now operated as a museum; it is located on North Shelby Street. Panola County Heritage Museum is located at 100 East Sabine Street across from the gazebo in downtown Anderson Park.

Lake Murvaul is 15 miles (24 km) west of Carthage on Murvaul Bayou.

Notable people[edit]

Anderson Park is located in the center of downtown Carthage.
Historical marker commemorating Colored Town, a black business section that had its prime from 1940 to 1965, from East Panola to Live Oak streets

Education[edit]

First State Bank and Trust Company in downtown Carthage

The City of Carthage services the Carthage Independent School District as well as the two-year community college of Panola College located adjacent Carthage City Hall.

Media[edit]

Carthage is served by two local radio stations: KGAS 1590 AM and KGAS 104.3 FM, and by a local newspaper, The Panola Watchman. The nearest media market of notable size is in nearby Shreveport, Louisiana.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Carthage has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.5 square miles (27 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.4%) is covered by water.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Carthage has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[13]

Climate data for Carthage, Texas (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1951–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
90
(32)
92
(33)
93
(34)
98
(37)
103
(39)
106
(41)
108
(42)
109
(43)
95
(35)
88
(31)
85
(29)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 56.8
(13.8)
61.4
(16.3)
68.8
(20.4)
76.0
(24.4)
82.8
(28.2)
89.3
(31.8)
92.4
(33.6)
93.1
(33.9)
87.4
(30.8)
78.0
(25.6)
66.6
(19.2)
58.9
(14.9)
76.0
(24.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 46.5
(8.1)
50.4
(10.2)
57.5
(14.2)
64.7
(18.2)
72.8
(22.7)
79.8
(26.6)
82.8
(28.2)
82.8
(28.2)
76.7
(24.8)
66.3
(19.1)
55.6
(13.1)
48.5
(9.2)
65.4
(18.6)
Average low °F (°C) 36.1
(2.3)
39.5
(4.2)
46.3
(7.9)
53.5
(11.9)
62.8
(17.1)
70.3
(21.3)
73.2
(22.9)
72.5
(22.5)
66.0
(18.9)
54.5
(12.5)
44.5
(6.9)
38.2
(3.4)
54.8
(12.7)
Record low °F (°C) 5
(−15)
4
(−16)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
45
(7)
55
(13)
50
(10)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
12
(−11)
1
(−17)
1
(−17)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.66
(118)
4.23
(107)
4.92
(125)
4.72
(120)
4.35
(110)
4.04
(103)
3.64
(92)
3.44
(87)
3.67
(93)
4.54
(115)
4.44
(113)
5.63
(143)
52.28
(1,328)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.3
(0.76)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(2.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.5 8.3 8.3 6.3 7.4 7.5 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.0 7.3 8.9 85.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4
Source: NOAA[14][15]

Demographics[edit]

Federal Building/US Post Office in downtown Carthage
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880290
189055491.0%
19201,366
19301,65120.9%
19402,17831.9%
19504,750118.1%
19605,26210.8%
19705,3922.5%
19806,44719.6%
19906,4960.8%
20006,6642.6%
20106,7791.7%
20206,569−3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
Carthage racial composition as of 2020[17]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3,990 60.74%
Black or African American (NH) 1,271 19.35%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 22 0.33%
Asian (NH) 57 0.87%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.03%
Some Other Race (NH) 9 0.14%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 208 3.17%
Hispanic or Latino 1,010 15.38%
Total 6,569

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,569 people, 2,550 households, and 1,739 families residing in the city.

As of the census[2] of 2010, 6,779 people, 2,628 households, and 1,745 families resided in the city. The population density was 645.6 people per mi2 (249.2/km2). The 2,909 housing units averaged 277.0 per mi2 (106.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.5% White, 21.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 6.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.0% of the population.

Of the 2,628 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were not families. About 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, the age distribution was 24.6% under 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

As of the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the city was $31,822, and for a family was $37,031. Males had a median income of $33,080 versus $21,473 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,332. About 11.8% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ a b "BLACK SOLDIER WAS FIRST NATIVE TEXAN TO RECEIVE MEDAL OF HONOR". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  6. ^ O'Neal, Bill (2009). Images of America: Carthage. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7–8. ISBN 978-0-7385-7112-6.
  7. ^ "ETMC Carthage - ETMC". ETMC. Archived from the original on 2017-10-21. Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  8. ^ a b c Perry, Ryan. "The Killer Inside Him: The Bernie Tiede Story". Behance.
  9. ^ a b Hollandsworth, Skip (January 1998). "Midnight in the Garden of East Texas". Texas Monthly. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  10. ^ Williams, Edgar (March 2, 1984). "Abortion foe turns to politics". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 3–B. Retrieved July 3, 2018 – via Newspapers.com (Publisher Extra).
  11. ^ "NEAL, MARGIE ELIZABETH". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  12. ^ "Texas Historical Marker – Margie Neal". 9key.com. Archived from the original on 1 November 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Carthage, Texas
  14. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  15. ^ "Station: Carthage, TX". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  18. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  19. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[18][19]

External links[edit]