|City of Carthage|
The historic Hawthorn-Clabaugh-Patterson House is now the location of the Carthage Chamber of Commerce.
"Country at its best!"
Location of Carthage, Texas
|• Total||10.5 sq mi (27.3 km2)|
|• Land||10.5 sq mi (27.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||312 ft (95 m)|
|• Density||650/sq mi (250/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||903 Exchanges: 265.690,693,694|
|GNIS feature ID||1353900|
Carthage is a city and the county seat of Panola County, Texas, United States. This city is situated in East Texas, 150 miles southeast of Dallas and near the Louisiana state line. The population was 6,779 at the 2010 census.
Carthage was founded in 1847, two years after Texas became a state. During the Civil War, men from Carthage and Panola County served as Confederate soldiers, while one resident, Milton M. Holland, earned a Medal of Honor as a Union sergeant. After the war, population growth was slow, but large amounts of cotton, corn, sweet potatoes, oats, and sugar cane were produced in the county. The city began to grow in 1888 when a railroad reached Carthage, along with telegraph and telephone lines.
During the Great Depression, a gas field was discovered near Carthage. After World War II, this gas field was developed and proved to be the largest in the United States. The city flourished, with the population increasing from about 1,300 to 5,000. During this period, a courthouse was built, along with a high school, and Panola County Junior College was founded and built in Carthage. KGAS-(AM) Radio began broadcasting from the city in 1955. The growing population also brought the establishment of the Panola General Hospital.
August 22, 1998 was Carthage's grand opening for the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Carthage has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.5 square miles (27 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.4%) is covered by water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, 6,779 people, 2,628 households, and 1,745 families resided in the city. The population density was 645.6 people per square mile (249.2/km²). The 2,909 housing units averaged 277.0 per square mile (106.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.5% White, 21.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 6.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.0% of the population.
Of the 2,628 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were not families. About 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city, the population was distributed as 24.6% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.
As of the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the city was $31,822, and for a family was $37,031. Males had a median income of $33,080 versus $21,473 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,332. About 11.8% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
The Texas Country Music Hall of Fame is located in Carthage, which also houses the Tex Ritter Museum. The Jim Reeves Memorial is located just on the outskirts of Carthage, east on U.S. 79. Reeves and Ritter were from the nearby unincorporated communities of Galloway and Murvaul, respectively.
The Footprints in the Sand monument is a 14-foot bronze sculpture of Jesus carrying an old man depicting the famous poem. It is located on the southwest loop in Carthage. Carthage resident Bob Harness is the sculptor.
The old Panola County Jail Museum is located on North Shelby Street. Panola County Heritage Museum is located at 100 East Sabine Street across from the gazebo in downtown Anderson Park.
Lake Murvaul is 15 miles west of Carthage on Murvaul Bayou.
- Jacke Davis, professional baseball player
- Milton M. Holland, former slave, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, and first native Texan to be awarded the Medal of Honor
- Philip Humber, MLB pitcher for five teams; pitched a perfect game for Chicago White Sox against Seattle Mariners on April 21, 2012
- Mildred Fay Jefferson, first African-American woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School; founding member and former president of the National Right to Life Committee
- Derek Wayne Johnson, award-winning film director, screenwriter and film producer
- Margie Neal, newspaper publisher and first woman elected to Texas State Senate; a Texas Historical Marker in the center of town recognizes her achievements.
- Perfect Stranger, a 1990s country band
- Jim Reeves, singer
- Brandon Rhyder, singer
- Tex Ritter, singer, actor, father of John Ritter
- Jack Boynton Strong, Texas legislator and businessman
- Bernie Tiede, convicted murderer and subject of 2011 film Bernie'
Carthage is served by two local radio stations: KGAS 1590 AM and KGAS 104.3 FM, and by a local newspaper, The Panola Watchman. The nearest media market of notable size is in nearby Shreveport, Louisiana.
The film Bernie is a fictionalized account starring Jack Black, based on the infamous Carthage murder of an 81-year-old resident, Marjorie Nugent. In November 1996, Bernie Tiede shot Nugent in the back four times with a .22 rifle. Having previous experience as a mortician, he cleaned the body and placed it in a freezer in her house. Tiede continued his community involvement until he was brought in for questioning. In fact, he admitted to attending a Panola College theater rehearsal the same night he shot Nugent. Tiede fabricated continual lies to cover questions about Marjorie. When suspicions began to grow with the city's residents, her family who lived out-of-town .filed a missing-person report. Nine months after her death, Tiede was finally brought in for questioning and confessed to the murder. He was sentenced to life in prison. He was released from his life sentence on a $10,000 bond in 2014. But in 2017, Bernie Tiede was resentenced to 99 years to life.
Although Tiede claims to have been verbally abused by Ms. Nugent, many think otherwise. For example, the Panola County District Attorney, Danny Buck Davidson, said few questions came from the community because “That’s what you do when you’re a con guy and you move in. He had her cut all ties, so ultimately the only person she had to rely on was him. Mrs. Nugent was a human being. She didn’t deserve her fate at the hands of Bernie." An estimated 3 million of Nugent's$10 million were spent by Tiede after her death, although according to Davidson, “He sent people to college. He donated to musicals, plays and bought instruments at the college. That was all done with Mrs. Nugent’s money. After she was in the freezer, he really jumped out there as a benefactor.”
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Carthage has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.
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- Climate Summary for Carthage, Texas