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distaff thistles
Carthamus lanatus 1 bgiu.jpg
Saffron thistle, Carthamus lanatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cardueae
Genus: Carthamus
Type species
Carthamus tinctorius
  1. Carthamoides Vaill.
  2. Kentrophyllum Neck. ex DC.
  3. Carthamus sect. Eucarthamus Baill.
  4. Durandoa Pomel

The genus Carthamus, the distaff thistles, includes plants in the thistle family.[4] The group is native to Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia.[3][5]

The best known species is the safflower (Carthamus tinctorius).



  1. ^ lectotype designated by Green, Prop. Brit. Bot.: 179 (1929)
  2. ^ Tropicos, Carthamus L.
  3. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 830-831 in Latin
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Carthamus includes photos and European distribution maps for 9 species

External links[edit]