Cartier (electoral district)

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Cartier
Quebec electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created 1924
District abolished 1966
First contested 1925
Last contested 1965

Cartier was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1925 to 1968. The riding covered much of Montreal's old Jewish district (from 1933 including parts of the Mile End neighbourhood). It was one of the smallest ridings in the country in area.

It was created in 1924 from parts of George-Étienne Cartier riding.

Cartier is the only riding in Canada to have elected a Communist to the House of Commons: Fred Rose, who was elected in a 1943 by-election, and re-elected in 1945. Rose ran under the banner of the Labor-Progressive Party, which was a front organization for the banned Communist Party of Canada during the 1940s and 1950s. Sam Jacobs was the riding's MP for many years and was in his final years also the president of the Canadian Jewish Congress.

The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed into Laurier, Outremont and Saint-Jacques ridings.

Every single MP to represent this riding was of the Jewish faith.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Parliament Years Member Party
Cartier
Riding created from George-Étienne Cartier
15th  1925–1926     Samuel William Jacobs Liberal
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935
18th  1935–1938[1]
 1938–1940 Peter Bercovitch
19th  1940–1942[2]
 1943–1945     Fred Rose Labor–Progressive
20th  1945–1947[3]
 1947–1949     Maurice Hartt Liberal
21st  1949–1950[4]
 1950–1953 Leon David Crestohl
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965 Milton L. Klein
27th  1965–1968
Riding dissolved into Laurier, Outremont and Saint-Jacques

Election results[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Milton L. Klein 5,389 50.64 +1.48
Progressive Conservative Andrew Henry Pytel 2,209 20.76 +0.12
New Democratic John Kambites 1,903 17.88 +3.68
Ralliement créditiste Gérard Ledoux 1,141 10.72 –5.28
Total valid votes 10,642 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +0.68
Change for the Ralliement créiditiste is based on the results of the Social Credit.
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Milton L. Klein 6,642 49.16 –0.12
Progressive Conservative Charles S. Barden 2,788 20.64 –6.67
Social Credit Georges Binette 2,162 16.00 +6.84
New Democratic William I. Miller 1,918 14.20 –0.06
Total valid votes 13,510 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +3.28
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Leon David Crestohl 6,464 49.28 +5.44
Progressive Conservative Charles S. Barden 3,582 27.31 –15.01
New Democratic William I. Miller 1,871 14.26 +9.86
Social Credit Sylvio-Fernando Melancon 1,201 9.16
Total valid votes 13,118 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +10.22
Change for the New Democrats is based on the results of the Co-operative Commonwealth.
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Leon David Crestohl 7,097 43.84 –29.08
Progressive Conservative Hyman Bernard Brock 6,850 42.32 +30.68
Independent Liberal Samuel Kolomeir 1,528 9.44 –0.43
Co-operative Commonwealth Michael Wozniak 713 4.40 +0.27
Total valid votes 16,188 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing –29.88
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Leon David Crestohl 11,955 72.92 –3.98
Progressive Conservative Aldo Lattik 1,909 11.64 +5.07
Independent Liberal Samuel Kolomeir 1,618 9.87
Co-operative Commonwealth Michael Wozniak 677 4.13 –1.90
Independent Liberal Moses Zalman Miller 236 1.44 +0.25
Total valid votes 16,395 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing –4.52
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Leon David Crestohl 12,493 76.90 +22.76
Progressive Conservative Tadeusz Brzezinski 1,068 6.57 –9.24
Co-operative Commonwealth Hector Rochon 980 6.03 –2.19
Labor–Progressive Harry Binder 896 5.52 –16.32
Independent Progressive Conservative Marcel Hotte 616 3.79
Independent Liberal Moses Miller 193 1.19
Total valid votes 16,246 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +16.00
Canadian federal by-election, 19 June 1950
On the death of Maurice Hartt, 15 March 1950
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Leon David Crestohl 9,701 54.14 +1.39
Labor–Progressive Harry Binder 3,913 21.84 +0.43
Progressive Conservative Maurice-S. Hebert 2,833 15.81 +4.22
Co-operative Commonwealth Kalmen Kaplansky 1,473 8.22 –6.02
Total valid votes 17,920 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +0.48
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice Hartt 11,993 52.75 +13.69
Labor–Progressive Harry Binder 4,868 21.41 –5.37
Co-operative Commonwealth Abraham M. Klein 3,238 14.24
Progressive Conservative Maurice-S. Hebert 2,636 11.59
Total valid votes 22,735 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +9.53
Canadian federal by-election, 31 March 1947
On Fred Rose's seat being declared vacant by House of Commons resolution,
30 January 1947
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice Hartt 9,649 39.06 +4.02
Autonomist Paul Masse 6,929 28.05
Labor–Progressive Michael Buhay 6,616 26.78 –14.06
Independent David Rochon 1,323 5.36
Independent Onil Léonide Gingras 142 0.57
Independent Louis Valiquette 45 0.18
Total valid votes 24,704 100.0  
Liberal gain from Labor–Progressive Swing –12.02
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Labor–Progressive Fred Rose 10,413 40.84 +10.42
Liberal Samuel Edgar Schwisberg 8,935 35.04 +13.07
Bloc populaire Paul Masse 6,148 24.11 –5.52
Total valid votes 25,496 100.0  
Labor–Progressive hold Swing –1.32
Canadian federal by-election, August 9, 1943
Death of Peter Bercovitch
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Labor–Progressive Fred Rose 5,789 30.42
Bloc populaire Paul Masse 5,639 29.63
Liberal Lazarus Phillips 4,180 21.97 –66.57
Co-operative Commonwealth David Lewis 3,313 17.41
Independent Moses Miller 109 0.57
Total valid votes 19,030 100.0  
Labor–Progressive gain from Liberal Swing +0.40
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Peter Bercovitch 18,191 88.54 +23.27
National Labour Arthur Ainey 2,354 11.46
Total valid votes 20,545 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +5.90
Canadian federal by-election, 7 November 1938
On the death of Samuel William Jacobs, 21 August 1938
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Peter Bercovitch acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Samuel William Jacobs 13,574 65.27 –3.36
Communist Fred Rose 3,385 16.28
Independent Liberal Paul-Emile Goyette 1,531 7.36
Reconstruction Salluste Lavery 1,362 6.55
Conservative Herman Julien 945 4.54 –11.54
Total valid votes 20,797 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing –9.82
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Samuel William Jacobs 8,231 68.63 +18.53
Conservative Louis Wolfe 1,928 16.08 –6.87
Independent Progressive Médéric Masson 1,294 10.79
Independent Liberal Paul-E. Parent 540 4.50 –15.78
Total valid votes 11,993 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +12.70
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Samuel William Jacobs 5,048 50.10 –11.77
Conservative Louis Wolfe 2,312 22.95
Independent Liberal Paul-Ernest Parent 2,043 20.28
Socialist Michael Buhay 672 6.67
Total valid votes 10,075 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing –17.36
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Samuel William Jacobs 7,934 61.87
Independent Liberal Joseph Alfred Bernier 4,889 38.13
Total valid votes 12,823 100.0  
This riding was created from parts of George-Étienne Cartier, where Liberal Samuel William Jacobs was the incumbent.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Died in office, 21 August 1938
  2. ^ Died in office, 26 December 1942
  3. ^ Seat declared vacant on 30 January 1947, on Fred Rose's conviction for spying for the Soviet Union.
  4. ^ Died in office, 15 March 1950

External links[edit]